Wallace D. Fard

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Wallace D. Fard Wallace D. Fard, a door-to-door silk salesman, established the Nation of Islam (NOI) in Detroit, at the beginning of the Great Depression. He spread his message of salvation and self-determination throughout Detroit's black neighborhoods. He held the first meetings in people's homes, but the movement soon grew too big and Fard rented halls for his gatherings. Far from adhering to strict Islamic law, the Nation under Fard was an eclectic mix of philosophy, borrowing from earlier Black Muslim movements, Christian scripture and Fard's Afro centric interpretation of the story of Origin. The organization attracted many followers because of its deliberate rejection of white society. Born in 1897 in Sandersville, Georgia, Elijah Poole the son of a minister grew up with 12 other brothers and sisters. Due to these difficult times he was forced to quit school after barely finishing third grade, and took up a job as a sharecropper so his family could eat. He married Clara Evans and the couple had eight children, Emmanuel, Ethel, Lottie, Nathaniel, Herbert, Elijah, Jr., Wallace and Akbar. In April 1923, Elijah Poole moved his family to Detroit, Michigan. Where his wife first learned of the Temple of Islam and wanted to attend to see what the commotion was all about. Instead, her husband advised her that he would go and see for himself. After hearing his first lecture at the Temple of Islam, Elijah Poole was overwhelmed by the message and immediately accepted it. Soon thereafter, Elijah Poole and convinced his entire family to accept the religion of Islam. He became very involved and soon became a minister. His name was changed to Muhammad. "The name 'Poole' was never my name," he would later write, "nor was it my father's... ... middle of paper ... ...to show people that are lost the way and to provide salvation. The Nation of Islam certainly provides those services, they take many who are lost and give them some ray of hope in a situation that hope may be very minuscule. Some of their thoughts and ideas are very extreme and some may even be considered racist. In the recent years they have become tamer and possible at some point they will open their doors to people of all walks of life. Not every thing in life is accepted by everyone, but not everything has to be. If the Nation is able to make that change for even one person and take a youth that might possible get into drugs, or violence. And give them a mission in their lives, something for them to wake up for on a daily basis. The Nation of Islam certainly provides this service. Their aggressive style is not for everyone, but then again it doesn’t have to be.

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