Behavioral Psychology Defined
John Watson wrote a paper in the Psychological Review in 1913 and defined behavioral psychology or behaviorism as
…a purely objective experimental branch of natural science. Its theoretical goal is the prediction and control of behavior. Introspection forms no essential part of its methods, nor is the scientific value of its data dependent upon the readiness with which they lend themselves to interpretation in terms of consciousness. The behaviorist in his efforts to get a unitary scheme of animal response recognizes no dividing line between man and brute (Reynolds, Sinatra, & Jetton 95).
Essentially Watson’s views supported the abolition of any information in psychology that was not a result of direct observation. Furthermore, constructs such as thought, mind, emotion, and instinct were deemed useless. " He denied the existence of instinct in human beings and reduced thought to subvocal speech, emotion to bodily responses" (Alberto & Troutman 32). In summary a true behaviorist’s views can be explained by a popular metaphor used to describe the brains processes as that of "a switchboard on which connections were mechanically made and maintained" (Reynolds, Sinatra, & Jetton 95). Hence men are being described as machines, and this comparison will fuel the critics of behaviorism (Reynolds, Sinatra, & Jetton 95).
The History of Behaviorism
Behaviorism’s foundation is comprised of positivism, animal psychology, and functionalism. Positivism is defined as "valid knowledge that is objectively observational "(Alberto & Troutman 30). Further, Charles Darwin contributed to behavioral psychology with his research regarding a...
... middle of paper ...
...hnology in teaching and learning." Behavior Research Methods Instruments & Computers, 25 (2), 233-237.
Epstein, R. (1997, Fall). "Skinner as self-manager." Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 30 (3), 545-568.
Kunkel, J. H. (1996, Winter). "What have behaviorists accomplished-and what more can they do." Psychological Record , 46 (1), 21-37.
Malone, J. C. (1999, January). "Recent issues in the analysis of behavior- Skinner, B. F.." Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 71 (1), 115-120.
Reynolds, G. E., Sinatra, G. M. & Jetton, T. L. (1996, Spring). "Views of knowledge acquisition and representation-a continuum from experienced centered to mind centered." Educational Psychologist, 31 (2), 93-104.
Ritchie, D. & Baylor, A. (1997, September). "Teaching with technology-finding a workable strategy." Techtrends, 42 (4), 57-30.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- EDCI 531 Case Study Assignment 1 Case Study: Behavioral Perspective Description Affton School District located in the suburbs of St. Louis Missouri, has recently went 1to1 with devices for all students 5th-12th grade. This has been a process over the last three years, with substantial investment both in the technology and the professional development of the staff. Over the last year it has been identified that there is a need to incorporate Digital Citizenship as part of the day to day routine of the classroom.... [tags: Education, Teacher, Reinforcement]
747 words (2.1 pages)
- Emotional & Behavioral Disabilities, Physical Disabilities, Health Impairments, and Traumatic Brain Injuries Many children within the current day educational system receive special education services for emotional behavioral disabilities, physical disabilities, other health impairments, and traumatic brain injuries. Educators must have a full understanding of the disability and adapt lessons using accommodations and instructional strategies to ensure the child is receiving the appropriate education they are to be legally provided.... [tags: Special education, Educational psychology]
1414 words (4 pages)
- Technology has become extremely rampant in this society. In fact, there are not many ways people function without it. It has consumed every aspect of daily living and has become quite applicable to completing tasks. Technology is also relevant to education and has become a prominent influence on the way schools are operated. From curriculum and instructional planning, incorporating it into classroom activities, and utilizing it as a tool for communication among the school community technology is a necessary part of the educational system.... [tags: Education, Educational psychology, School]
711 words (2 pages)
- Assignment One - Introduction to Psychology With 2,405,518,376 (World Statistics, 2014) users around the world there is no doubt that some users are bound to develop addiction. “Internet addiction is when a person has a compulsive need to spend a great deal of time on the Internet, to the point where other areas of life (such as relationships, work or health) are allowed to suffer.” (Better Health Channel, 2011). With this scientists around the world are fighting to beat these addictions. Two theoretical perspectives that play heavily into the treatment process are Behavioural and Psychodynamic psychology.... [tags: cognitive behavioral therapy, internet addiction]
1281 words (3.7 pages)
- The Psychology 255 course (herewith referred as PSYC 255) at Liberty University is an introductory course that offers students a fundamental perceptive of the different techniques used for research methods of investigation in the behavioral science field. The eight week course itinerary is filled with assignments that direct the student toward a path that is filled with basic collective psychological research and design methods. It offers fundamental familiarity about the American Psychologist Association (herewith called APA) ethical and legal standard (Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 2012).... [tags: Qualitative research, Psychology]
1154 words (3.3 pages)
- Aversion Therapy “Aversion therapy uses the behavioral approach principles that new behavior can be 'learnt ' in order to overcome addictions, obsessions or, violent behavior (Behavioral Psychology 2015).” In simple terms, the basis of Aversion Therapy is to be able to get rid of a habit or behavior that one wishes to no longer have. This is done by learning how to associate pain, discomfort, or suffering with said behavior or habit one would like to get rid of. Some very common examples of habits that one would seek to get rid of are smoking, violence, alcoholism, gambling, over eating, pornography, and many other undesirable habits one might have.... [tags: Psychology, Behavior, Behaviorism, Patient]
892 words (2.5 pages)
- I’ve been going through different treatments within the mental illness practicing for the last year due to my depression and anxiety. Before Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, I tried the wrong methods, my breaking point before therapy was locking myself in my apartment for a month not willing to talk to anyone. I refused to go to work. I refused to do anything but cry. Being a Phlebotomist in a hospital, I refused to take medications because I didn’t want to lack my greatness and lose any love that I have while drawing a patients’ blood.... [tags: Cognitive behavioral therapy, Psychology]
1361 words (3.9 pages)
- The Therapy Accustomed to You Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), initialized by Dr. Aaron Beck, is a therapy method that uses both cognitive and behavioural paradigm approaches. It is based on the former theory of depression stating that one’s thoughts are accountable for the different emotional reactions one has in different situations. The goal of cognitive behavioural therapy is to help an individual isolate their maladaptive or negative thoughts, to assess how these thoughts are affecting their emotions and to help them reconstruct their thought patterns.... [tags: Cognitive behavioral therapy, Psychology]
1042 words (3 pages)
- The theoretical framework, involves the works of Dewey (1916/1997), Papert (1993/2001), Piaget (1973), Vygotsky (1978) and Augustin & Huang, (2002). The use of social constructivism (SC) will play a pivotal role in building collaborative relationships between teachers and their students. In addition, this framework will also apply Swan and Dixon's (2006) teachers’ technology attitude scale (TAS) to determine wireless laptop training needs for K-12 teachers. As anticipated by the theory of social constructivism, technology into the classroom produces a network of social learning agents.... [tags: Educational Technology]
1072 words (3.1 pages)
- Instructional Design Model Comparison Instructional Design is a systematic approach to design, evaluation and management of instruction. It helps to facilitate learning in an effort to improve. There are many models that have been developed to assist in the design of instructional materials. This paper will compare three: ADDIE, ASSURE and Kemp with a focus on online learning. ADDIE Model The Addie Model is the traditional format used by instructional designers and many models have based their information off of the ADDIE concept.... [tags: Instructional design, Educational psychology]
1265 words (3.6 pages)