Development of Information Warfare Essay

Development of Information Warfare Essay

Length: 5313 words (15.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Development of Information Warfare


Introduction

In his final foreign policy speech, President Bill Clinton listed among the United States’ top five military and security concerns the development of information warfare (Lacey). Given the importance of information technologies to the American economy and the U.S. military’s dependence on this system, any attacks on the information infrastructure could have severe consequences for the economy and for national security. For the U.S.’s best interests, taking the initiative in defining the limits of information warfare would be beneficial. The current U.S. trend toward concerning itself publicly more with computer network defense than computer network attack has prevented an adequate public dialog on the legalities involved with information warfare. The United States must address this issue before development of information warfare technologies goes much further. Resolving this issue at an international level can protect the United States from future information warfare attacks and present opportunities to retaliate against attackers.

Definition of Terms

Before exploring the implications of information warfare, a working definition of the term must be established. Due either to imprecision regarding information warfare’s specific operations or just that this form of warfare is very young, many definitions are available. The Air Force’s official definition of information warfare, articulated in the “Cornerstones of Information Warfare” report, is “any action to deny, exploit, corrupt or destroy the enemy's information and its functions; protecting ourselves against those actions; and exploiting our own military information functions” (Fogleman and Widnall). This def...


... middle of paper ...


...iversity. <http://www.aaas.org/spp/dspp/sfrl/per/per15.htm >

McCoubrey, Hilaire, and Nigel D. White. International Law and Armed Conflict. Dartmouth: Brookfield, VT, 1992.

Molander, Roger C., and Sanyin Siang. “The Legitimization of Strategic Information

Warfare: Ethical Considerations.” Professional Ethics Report, Vol. XI, No.4, Fall 1998. < http://www.aaas.org/spp/dspp/sfrl/per/per15.htm >

Roberts, Adam, and Richard Guelff, eds. Documents on the Laws of War. Clarendon Press: Oxford, 1982.

Schwartau, Winn. Information Warfare. Thunder’s Mouth Press: New York, 1994.

United States Space Command. “U.S. Space Command Takes Charge of Computer Network Attack.” 29 September 2000.

< http://www.spacecom.af.mil/usspace/rel15-00.htm >

Waltz, Edward. Information Warfare Principles and Operations. Artech House: Boston, 1998.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Development and Usage of Gas Warfare Essay

- ... The combination of these two gases created an even more lethal gas (“Research”). The usage of gas during World War I was extremely common. The first usage was by the French in 1914, which was closely followed by the Germans in 1915. The French first used tear-gas in their grenades. The Germans used it at the Second Battle of Ypres on April 22. Britian then became the first country to retaliate with the usage of gas warfare, that was ordered for September 24, 1915. This order was to gas Loos, Chlorine was used for this particular gassing (“Firstworldwar.com”)....   [tags: World War I and II, weapons, gas mask]

Powerful Essays
1364 words (3.9 pages)

Biological Weapons Development Programs Essay

- Following the wide spread use of chemical weaponry, the Geneva Convention took place in 1925 to set forth the rules of war. One of the regulations was the discontinued use of chemical and biological warfare. Unfortunately, many countries would violate this document in order to gain an advantage over their adversaries. The Japanese, Soviet Union, and United States biological weapon programs are merely a few within the world, each committed to their own purpose. These are the countries that will have the history of their weapons programs told within this paper....   [tags: warfare threats]

Powerful Essays
1066 words (3 pages)

The Impact Of Technology On The Nature Of Warfare Essay

- Over the period of 1845-1991 the nature of warfare undoubtedly evolved due to many aspects and factors. The nature of warfare refers to; the duration of a war, the intensity, the experience of those involved and the arrangement and structure of both the forces and war itself. One of the notable developments during this period was the transformation of technology and the role it played in war. However, one must question whether it was the role of technology alone that changed warfare or if other factors were equally influential, these include; economic power, strategies and tactics, leadership, organisation and public attitudes....   [tags: Nuclear weapon, World War II, Cold War]

Powerful Essays
1536 words (4.4 pages)

Essay about The Warfare Of The Alpha Company

- Choose a company of their liking and use any of the 2 (qualitative or quantitative) research and analysis methods to demonstrate selected perceptions (approved by the faculty) of the company. Sol: Here we choose an Alpha company. Most cases where the trench warfare of the Alpha Company is more effective than the Guerrilla warfare of the Beta company because Alpha is a past measure of an advantage’s return on investment associated to the risk attuned expected return. The stable scorecard (BSC) is a plan performance management instrument - a semi-standard structured report, maintained by design approaches and automation gears, that can be rummage-sale by directors to keep track of the performa...   [tags: Quantitative research, Scientific method]

Powerful Essays
1604 words (4.6 pages)

Chemical and Biological Warfare Essay

- The Role it Played Chemical and Biological Warfare In order to understand Project Coast you must first learn what Project Coast was all about. In the early 1981 the Chemical and Biological Warfare program, code named Coast, officially started and was finished in 1995(Folb & Gould, 2002). In my research paper I will discuss the history of Project Coast and I will let the reader understand the circumstances that surrounded Project Coast. I will also explain the different types of chemical agents that where and why they were used....   [tags: Coast, Racial War, Johannesburg, Africa]

Powerful Essays
1011 words (2.9 pages)

Iraq Chemical Warfare Essay

- Iraq Chemical Warfare Iraq’s research in chemical weapons began in the 1970s; it was not until the 1980s that they would begin mass production of chemical agents. At this period of time, Iraq required a great deal of help from foreign suppliers and their imports (Al- Zaman, 2003; Gosden, 1998). Iraq did not become a visible target on the United Nations radar until 1982, when Iraq killed between 50-100 Iranian Soldiers with Nerve Agent; later more Iranian Soldiers would die due to the side effects of dehydration and heat stroke (Al- Zaman, 2003; Gosden, 1998)....   [tags: chemical agents, foreign suppliers]

Powerful Essays
1050 words (3 pages)

Essay on The Effects of Technology Warfare Due To The Attack on Pearl Harbor

- The effects that technology warfare did to the Americans and Japanese, due to the bombing of Pearl Harbor and the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were equal. Radar, the atomic bomb, high powered weapons and aircraft play an important role in these two events that will be talked about. The technology had to be right for these events or the events and plans possibly could have not happened. The invention of radar had a huge impact on many military operations, whether or not it was the United States Military or other countries....   [tags: atomic bomb, radar, hiroshima, uss arizona]

Powerful Essays
1147 words (3.3 pages)

Guerilla Warfare Essay

- Guerrilla Warfare The term guerrilla (Spanish, “little war”) originated in the early 19th century during the Peninsular war when, after the defeat of Spain’s regular forces, Spanish irregulars and civilians rose up against the French occupying forces. The practice of guerrilla warfare, however, dates from antiquity; for example, the Bible tells of the Israelite conquest of Canaan, led by Joshua, involving harassment and ambush of the enemy. Later Jewish resistance to foreign rule was expressed in the series of fierce guerrilla operations against the Romans in the 1st century AD; led by the Zealot sect, this revolt was climaxed by the seizure of Masada and the massacre of the Roman garriso...   [tags: essays research papers]

Powerful Essays
659 words (1.9 pages)

THE THREAT OF BIOLOGICAL WARFARE AND POSSIBLE PREVENTATIVE MEASURES Essay

- The Threat of Biological Warfare and Possible Preventative Measures The events of September 11,2001, have made the threat of terrorism on our mainland very real. The twin towers were made into rubble that day, along with the lives of the many people touched by the overwhelming loss of life that occurred that day. Now, if that isn’t enough to cope with, in creeps the specter of bio-terrorism. Biological weapons are devices intended to deliberately disseminate disease producing organisms or toxins in food, water, by insect, or as an aerosol....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
1008 words (2.9 pages)

Policy issues - Geographic Information Essay examples

- Policy issues - Geographic Information Policy issues and availability of Geographic Information Geographical Information is a computer-based tool for mapping and analyzing things that exist and events that happen on earth. The major components of a GI are: a user interface; system/database management capabilities; database creation/data entry capacity; spatial data manipulation and analysis packages; and display/product generation functions. GIS technology integrates, via the Internet, common database operations such as query and statistical analysis with the unique visualization and geographic analysis benefits offered by maps....   [tags: science]

Free Essays
804 words (2.3 pages)