Essay on Surrealism

Essay on Surrealism

Length: 2056 words (5.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Surrealism


Surrealism was one of the most influential artistic movements of the 20th Century. André Breton consolidated Surrealism as a movement in the early 1920s, trying to achieve the “total liberation of the mind and of all that resembles it[1]” through innovative and varied ideas. Surrealism deeply influenced the world in the era between the two world wars and played a big role in the diffusion and adoption of psychology worldwide. Surrealism faded after World War II, but its revolutionary genius has influenced every artistic movement ever since.

It is hard to define and give shape to Surrealism. Surrealism and abstract art have similar origins, “but they diverge on their interpretation of what those origins mean to the aesthetic of art[2].” It all started after World War I with Tristan Tzara and the Dada movement’s desire to attack society through scandal and ugliness. Tzara attacked the new industrialized society – specifically the bourgeoisie – because he believed that “a society that creates the monstrosity of war does not deserve art, so he decided to give it anti-art[3].” To Tzara’s surprise “the bourgeoisie embraced this ‘rebellious’ new art so thoroughly that anti-art became Art, the anti-academy the Academy, the anti-conventionalism the Convention, and the rebellion through chaotic images, the status quo[4].” The use of scandalous and amorphous figures and symbols – the grotesque – as a way of expression acquired a whole new dimension through the Dadaists.

One group of artists, however, decided to rebel against the rebellion and, instead of adopting Dadaism, started their own movement to further emphasized the role of the unconscious; employing psychology in a more orderly and serious manner[5]....


... middle of paper ...


...t.com. “What is Surrealism.” 2004. <http://www.surrealist.com/what_is_surrealism.aspx>.

[9] Sanchez, Monica. “History of Surrealism.” 2002. <http://www.bway.net/~monique/history.htm>.

[10] Sanchez, Monica. “History of Surrealism.” 2002. <http://www.bway.net/~monique/history.htm>.

[11] Sanchez, Monica. “History of Surrealism.” 2002. <http://www.bway.net/~monique/history.htm>.

[12] Sanchez, Monica. “History of Surrealism.” 2002. <http://www.bway.net/~monique/history.htm>.

[13] Sanchez, Monica. “History of Surrealism.” 2002. <http://www.bway.net/~monique/history.htm>.



[14] “Surrealism.” Encarta Encyclopedia. 2004. Microsoft Corporation. < http://encarta.msn.com>.

[15] Surrealist.com. “What is Surrealism.” 2004. <http://www.surrealist.com/what_is_surrealism.aspx>.

[16] http://www.connect.net/ron/surreal.html

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Surrealism In Film Essay

- Surrealism is a movement that built off of the burgeoning look into art, psychology, and the workings of the mind. Popularly associated with the works of Salvador Dali, Surrealist art takes imagery and ideology and creates correlation where there is none, creating new forms of art. In this essay I will look to explore the inception of the surrealist movement, including the Surrealist Manifesto, to stress the importance of these artists and their work in the 20th century and beyond. I also will look to films from our European Cinema course to express how films incorporate the influence of surrealism both intentionally and unintentionally....   [tags: Surrealist Manifesto, European Film]

Powerful Essays
2459 words (7 pages)

Essay about The Origins of Surrealism

- Green 1 Controlled Chaos: The Impact of Surrealism on the Art World The Surrealist movement that began in the 1920’s, was unlike anything the art world had ever seen before. While Surrealist painters borrowed techniques from previous “ism” movements, for example Impressionism and Cubism, the prominent painters of this movement had acquired a new, shocking style all their own. Surrealism, as an art movement, stressed the importance of expanding one’s mind in order to welcome other depictions of ‘reality’....   [tags: Painting, Cubism, Impressionism]

Powerful Essays
2002 words (5.7 pages)

Essay about Surrealism and Film

- Surrealism is a movement that built off of the burgeoning look into art, psychology, and the workings of the mind. Popularly associated with the works of Salvador Dali, Surrealist art takes imagery and ideology and creates correlation where there is none, creating new forms of art. In this essay I will look to explore the inception of the surrealist movement, including the Surrealist Manifesto, to stress the importance of these artists and their work in the 20th century and beyond. I also will look to films from our European Cinema course to express how films incorporate the influence of surrealism both intentionally and unintentionally....   [tags: Art History, Film]

Powerful Essays
1651 words (4.7 pages)

Manipulation of Surrealism Essay

- Surrealism is the artful manipulation of dream vs. reality, where elements of both are intermingled into a unified mastery. It harnesses the subconscious dreamlike realm of the viewer and exploits a visual that is both a truer and more authentic sense of imagination. Salvador Dali, a prominent Spanish surrealist painter, successfully conveys these principles within his most widely recognized work “The Persistence of Memory”, also known as “Clocks”. This painting encompasses the presence of clocks with different times melting against the fantasy-like background of a seaside landscape....   [tags: dream vs reality]

Powerful Essays
889 words (2.5 pages)

Essay The History of Surrealism: Maurice Nadeau

- Surrealism painting can be difficult to approach as a career. People may use their imagination to rely on their paintings, and others might even reckon on substantial objects or figures. This movement demands creativity. There have been many surrealist artist who have contributed to their country in a state of pride. Having new knowledge of Surrealism, I have learned many profound ideas about this movement in this novel. I definitely recommend reading this novel to artist. Not just artist in general, but also to people who have never learned or heard about Surrealism....   [tags: Art ]

Powerful Essays
1516 words (4.3 pages)

Dali and Surrealism Essays

- Salvador Dali was born in 1904 in Figueras, Spain. He had an elder brother who died prior to his birth by nine months. This incident affected him throughout his life. His parents looked at him as reincarnation of his dead brother. He was taken to his brother’s grave and was given free reign of the Dali household which stayed with him throughout his life. Since he was treated differently and in a special way, in strongly influenced his personality. Hence, Dali had a unique and clear character. Living both himself and his brother caused him an obsession concerning decay and putrefaction....   [tags: Painter Painters Artists Art Dali Essays]

Powerful Essays
710 words (2 pages)

Art, Surrealism, and the Grotesque Essay

- The term "grotesque" in art and literature, commonly refers to the juxtaposition of extreme contrasts such as horror and humor, or beauty and monstrosity, or desire and revulsion. One function of this juxtaposition of the rational and the irrational is to subdue or normalize the unknown, and thereby control it. The simultaneity of mutually exclusive emotional states, and the discomfort it might cause, inspires a Freudian analytic critical approach because of its focus on controlling repressed desires through therapeutic rationality....   [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]

Powerful Essays
4648 words (13.3 pages)

Essay on Surrealism

- Surrealism Surrealism was one of the most influential artistic movements of the 20th Century. André Breton consolidated Surrealism as a movement in the early 1920s, trying to achieve the “total liberation of the mind and of all that resembles it[1]” through innovative and varied ideas. Surrealism deeply influenced the world in the era between the two world wars and played a big role in the diffusion and adoption of psychology worldwide. Surrealism faded after World War II, but its revolutionary genius has influenced every artistic movement ever since....   [tags: Art Painting Artistic Essays]

Powerful Essays
2056 words (5.9 pages)

Surrealism Essay

- Surrealism encompasses a reality above the surface reality, usually through efforts to suspend the discipline of conscious or logical reason, aesthetics, or morality in order to allow for the expression of subconscious thought and feeling. This literary technique, if successful, provides the audience with a suspension of disbelief, an acceptance of the imaginative aspects of the author's fantastic creation. "The Metamorphosis" by Franz Kafka and "The Masque of the Red Death" by Edgar Allen Poe, are two examples of surrealism....   [tags: Comparative Literature]

Powerful Essays
726 words (2.1 pages)

Essay on Dada Surrealism

- Dada Surrealism What elements of dada and surrealism suggest the influence of Freud. The 20th Century marked a changed in how people viewed the known world. Since its beginning art has played a major role in how people were able to express themselves. The early 20th century brought rise to new and exciting art forms. These were types of writings, paintings and, documentaries that no one had ever seen before. From expressionism to Dadaism types of work ranged by all means of the artist. About the 1920's a new wave of art would soon be seen worlds over....   [tags: History Art Arts Painting WWIIEssays]

Powerful Essays
1232 words (3.5 pages)