Thrasymachus' perspective of human nature is that we all seek to maximize power, profit and possessions. He gives the argument that morality is not an objective truth but rather a creation of the stronger (ruling) party to serve its own advantage. Therefore definitions of "just" and "unjust", "right" and "wrong", "moral" and "immoral" are all dependent upon the decree of the ruling party. Thrasymachus argues that acting "morally", in accordance with the ruling party, benefits the ruling party, while acting "immorally", injures the ruling party and benefits oneself.
Thrasymachus perceives human nature as our ruthless drive toward superiority. He believes that unless we are foolish "moral simpletons," we will act according to what is best for us, namely living immorally on a quest to becoming ruler of the world. He believes that our human nature has no qualms about committing immoral actions. In describing human nature Thrasymachus says, "immorality has a bad name because people are afraid of being at the receiving end of it, not of doing it." (Republic 344c) When we finally reach the goal, the ideal of human nature, we will be able to practice "immorality in its most perfect form," stealing "what doesn't belong to [us] - consecrated and unconsecrated objects, private possessions, and public property - and [we do] so not on a small scale, but comprehensively." (Republic 344a-b) Thrasymachus makes the assumption that we are all driven to acquiring as much power, profit and possessions as possible. His argument for living immorally rests on the assumption that our human nature's burning desire is for more of the three p's (power, profit and possessions), and that there is more ...
... middle of paper ...
...ity is created by those in power, and thus, there is no absolute true morality, he concludes that the best way to satisfy his human desire is to acquire as much power as possible, and take from others as much as he can. Because his view of morality is not fixed but created by those in power, he defines words like "moral", "just", and "right" based on one's compliance with the rules of the ruling party. He claims that acting "morally" serves the ruling party because the ruling party designed the legal structure for its own benefit. Socrates raises some criticisms, especially the criticism showing that people behaving immorally would not be able to act in concert with others and would fall out with others, which are compelling and discredit Thrasymachus' position. From this it is conclusive that Thrasymachus has not entirely captured the essence of human nature.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Human nature is that quality that sets us apart from other living things; it is the definition of what we are. The concept of human nature in international relations is embedded in the theories of international relations. Every International relations theory has its specific assumptions about human nature. The basic premise of these theories has its roots in human nature because in understanding the world and how it works, human nature is first considered. Philosophers maintain that in order for a political theory to hold any weight, it must first explain the concept of human nature.... [tags: theory, realism, constructism, human nature]
602 words (1.7 pages)
- The nature of humanity has been an inalienable component of establishing significant classical theories by political scientists in the history of politics. Even Aristotle, widely regarded as a crucial contributor to forging politics as an area of elevated study knew this, and stated, “… it is evident that the state is a creation of nature, and that man is by nature a political animal. ” In this statement, Aristotle adamantly asserts that the state is the production of human nature, as humans are inclined to create the state according to their hereditary political nature.... [tags: Psychology, Soul, Philosophy, Human nature]
1376 words (3.9 pages)
- Human nature is the characteristics, feelings and behavioral traits of humankind. Humans are capable of expressing different kinds of emotions such as joy, frustration, despair, remorse, and other forms of emotions depending on the situations they are encountering. In the film ‘Minority Report’, various kinds of human characteristics have been portrayed. The view of human nature posited in this film is assuming that all humankind is likely to commit crimes regardless of their position. The film ‘Minority Report’ demonstrated that despite using the system of having pre-cogs topredict futurecrimes was thought to be perfect, it is still proven in the end that the system is flawed, where someon... [tags: Human Nature]
580 words (1.7 pages)
- Modern sciences have either directly emerged from philosophy or are very closely related to multiple philosophical questions. Understanding philosophy, as well as the way problems are addressed by philosophers, is the key to understanding science as we know it today and in the future. There are as many definitions of philosophy as there are philosophers – perhaps there are even more. Philosophy is said to be the mother of all disciplines. It is also the oldest of all disciplines and has given a rise to modern science, both social and natural conclusions.... [tags: Human Nature Essays]
2002 words (5.7 pages)
- The Issue with Human Nature’s Anthropocentric View of the Environment In environmental science, there are a set of terms that represent different ways one views his/her relationship with the environment. These terms, called value systems, describe a spectrum ranging from ecocentric, or highly valuing the environment, to technocentric, or valuing technological innovation over the natural environment. In the middle of the spectrum, is another perspective known as anthropocentrism, which describes one’s valuing of humans over the environment.... [tags: Human, Natural environment, Nature]
1257 words (3.6 pages)
- The debate on whether nature vs nurture impacts human development, behavior, and personality is ongoing. There has been an abundance of contributions to the debate throughout the years. This debate is based on two standpoints. The first standpoint is that human development, behavior, and personality is inherited through a person’s genes. The second standpoint is based on the belief that human development, behavior, and personality is learned through your environmental experiences. It’s often easy to determine where an individual gets their physical features from.... [tags: Nature versus nurture, Tabula rasa, Human nature]
798 words (2.3 pages)
- Human violence: nature versus nurture Violence has for long been defined as the most affecting and destructive human problem. Having a discussion on human violence is therefore very important for the quick attendance to the problems affecting the human race at the recent times. It is also important to identify the causes and effects of human violence so that solutions can be found and attended to at the right time. Nature and nurture have proved to be two conflicting issues to scholars of the modern times.... [tags: Human nature, Nature versus nurture]
998 words (2.9 pages)
- What separates humans from all other animals, is our ability to think and make rational decisions. This key trait that humans possess gives the opportunity to create real meaning in life. These distinctions arise question to the nature we are pre disposed to as logical creatures. Humans are naturally social, therefore the nature in which we behave is often effected by social determinants. Therefore, the nature in which we behave is often changing and differing in various contexts. Within my own major, social work, determining the good of human nature is essential.... [tags: Human, Psychology, Sociology, Personal life]
1120 words (3.2 pages)
- Authors' Conceptions of Human Nature Philosophers, politicians, and writers throughout all of the western world and across all of our written history have discovered the importance of knowing human nature. Human nature is responsible for our definitions of abstract concepts that are surprisingly universal across the western world like justice, equity, and law. Human nature must also be carefully studied in an effort to understand, obtain, or maintain power within society. Finally, human nature must also be carefully understood so as to protect it from being manipulated and to understand its place in society.... [tags: Human Nature Philosophy Essays]
3888 words (11.1 pages)
- The Roots of Human Nature The roots of human nature are sunk deep into our history and experiences. When in our own lives we are to find the basis of our human nature, we must look to our early years, the formative years. Now take for example if we placed a newborn in the wild or in a high-class, well-mannered, wealthy family. The human nature of the newborn in the wild will be exactly that, wild and chaotic. While on the other hand the newborn in the well-mannered society will be well mannered and moralistic.... [tags: Human Nature Humanity Civilization Essays]
690 words (2 pages)