Impact of Outside Invasion in the Central Andes and Himalayas Essay

Impact of Outside Invasion in the Central Andes and Himalayas Essay

Length: 1011 words (2.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Impact of Outside Invasion in the Central Andes and Himalayas


In Toward a Cultural Ecology of Mountains: The Central Andes and Himalayas Compared, David Guillet writes to address the nature of cultural adaptations between two mountain populations. His research is spurred by increased recognition that human intervention can cause detrimental resource degeneration in these fragile mountain environments. Guillet attempts to answer two questions; What environmental constraints on material provisioning will a human population encounter in mountains? How does the range of possible responses lead to patterns of social relations?

By asking these questions Guillet believes that the production process is the critical link between the culture and the environment. Production is important to the cultural ecology of mountainous regions because; 1.) production decisions are constrained by altitude; 2.) cultural strategies implemented as a result of the mountainous environment are related to production; 3.) comparing production allows for a comparative model of mountain adaptations; and 4.) it shows that individuals and groups are involved in a process of adaptive flexibility that allows human response to the environment (Guillet, 563).

In mountain environments, human populations are limited by vertical constraints on production strategies. The interaction between altitude, climate, and soil fertility sets limits on what types of crop can survive. This is evident in the use of animals to plow fields. The yaks of the Himalayas were able to adapt well to the plow, unlike the Andean camelids that lacked the physical strength for plowing.

The mountain environment impacts many aspects of life. These regions have a poor...


... middle of paper ...


...ent from degradation.

After reading both Himalayan Herders and Toward a Cultural Ecology of Mountains, I have noticed a difference in the impact of outside invasion. For Bishop, the relatively isolated Melemchi village is rapidly changing, in response to global patterns, as a result of outside influences. However, these herders are able to maintain their cultural knowledge and traditions that have shaped their village for centuries. Why is it that Bishop noticed the dramatic influence of outside forces, while Guillet hardly recognizes this as a factor leading to adaptations in mountain populations? Is it because Guillet’s model needed to be broad that he was unable to focus on this influence?

Works Cited

Guillet, David, 1983. "Toward a Cultural Ecology of Mountains: The Central Andes and the Himalayas Compared," in Current Anthropology, 24(5) 561-574.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Himalayan Glaciers Are Important Components Of Water Cycle Essay

- Himalaya, the Third Pole, is nourished with the highest concentration of snow and glaciers outside the Polar Regions (Dyhrenfurth, 1955) and usually known as the freshwater tower of South Asia. In the mountainous regions such as the headwaters of the Ganga, the Brahmaputra and the Indus river, the Himalayan glaciers are important components of water cycle. The Cryosphere of the Himalayan region plays a significant role in the regional climatic system, and is also a sensitive indicator of global climate change (Bajracharya and Shrestha, 2011)....   [tags: Climate change, Climate, Ice, Himalayas]

Strong Essays
708 words (2 pages)

People of the Himalayas Essay

- Arab geographers of the Middle Ages have described the Eurasian landmass to be a beautiful woman and the Himalayas to be the "jewel encrusted clasp," (Keay, 1). This region was widely unknown to the western world throughout history. The region has been romanticized by such authors as Thomas Moore, who "had never been to Kashmir but his balmy scent-laden breezes rustling the bowers so dear to lovers somehow managed to conjure up a not unrecognizable image of the place," (Keay, 5). The region's geography had made the area almost impossible to colonize during the Great Game....   [tags: World Cultures]

Strong Essays
659 words (1.9 pages)

The Failed Invaion of Cuba Essays

- Cuba The story of the failed invasion of Cuba at the Bay of Pigs is one of negligence, overconfidence, as well as lack of security. The responsibility for the failure of the operation falls straightforwardly in the lap of the Central Intelligence Agency and a young president and his advisors. The fall out from the invasion reasoned an increase in tension between the two great superpowers and paradoxically 34 years later than the event, the person that the invasion intended to overthrow, Fidel Castro, is still in power....   [tags: invasion, failure, power]

Strong Essays
760 words (2.2 pages)

Descriptive Essay : Central Park

- Central Park When you think about New York, you think about Times Square, The Statue of Liberty, or The Empire State Building, however most people are blind to other attractions going on all the time. Since I am from the wonderful state of New York, I can fill you in on other attractions. New York City is way more than just a big, blooming, business city. Let me help you, by getting that sky scrapper image out of your head, and inform you on one of the oldest, most beautiful places to visit, containing plenty of attractions for one to do....   [tags: New York City, New York, Central Park, Manhattan]

Strong Essays
905 words (2.6 pages)

Essay Agriculture in the Himalayas of Nepal

- Agriculture in the Himalayas of Nepal According to some estimates, as much as 90% of Nepal's population relies on agriculture for its sustenance.[1] The significant climactic variations between Nepal's sub-tropical Terai region, hills region, and Himalayan mountain region lead to a variety of different agricultural models. Within the northern Himalayan region, additional variations in agricultural style exist because of changes in the qualities of available soil and quantities of moisture at different altitudes....   [tags: Nepal Farming Essays Papers Ecology]

Strong Essays
1148 words (3.3 pages)

The Central Intelligence Agency and the Bay of Pigs Invasion Essay

- The story of the failed invasion of Cuba at the Bay of Pigs is one of mismanagement, overconfidence, and lack of security. The blame for the failure of the operation falls directly in the lap of the Central Intelligence Agency and a young president and his advisors. The fall out from the invasion caused a rise in tension between the two great superpowers and ironically 34 years after the event, the person that the invasion meant to topple, Fidel Castro, is still in power. To understand the origins of the invasion and its ramifications for the future it is first necessary to look at the invasion and its origins....   [tags: Cuba, Fidel Castro]

Free Essays
4270 words (12.2 pages)

The Zebra Mussel's Invasion Effects Essay

- The zebra mussel is a small freshwater mussel, this species was originally native to the lakes of southern Russia. From their first appearance in American waters in 1988, zebra mussels have spread to a large number of waterways, including Lake Simcoe in the Great Lakes region and the Mississippi, Cumberland, Ohio, Tennessee, Michigan, Colorado, and Arkansas Rivers. Unfortunately, the invasion of the Zebra Mussel continues. For instance, in 2009 the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation confirmed that zebra mussels had been found in Laurel Lake in the Berkshires....   [tags: invasion, reducing fresh water supplies]

Strong Essays
829 words (2.4 pages)

Yartsa Gunbu and the Culture of the Annapurna Region in the Himalayas Essay

- Introduction A caterpillar that changes into a plant, and if consumed provides powers of an aphrodisiac and amazing athletic abilities that provide an athlete the capability of breaking world records. To many Western ears, this sounds like a fantasy, but to many small Himalayan communities, the animal-plant hybrid is real, and has recently made a huge impact on day-to-day life. This pivotal moment in time for many of these small communities provides an opportunity to effectively and radically change and shape the people and preserve the culture of the Annapurna region in the Himalayas....   [tags: Nepal, asia]

Strong Essays
2224 words (6.4 pages)

Essay about The United States ' Invasion Of Iraq

- On March 20, 2003 the United States entered into a conflict on two fronts. While the United States military was moving into Iraq, the American economy was taking the first assault of a long and expensive fight. Victory was declared several years ago, and many are content to leave the story at that point. Advocates of the war have hailed its expediency and relatively minimal cost to the United States and its allies. The facts support a different conclusion. The truth lies in the economical devastation that the war in Iraq has left in its wake....   [tags: Iraq War, 2003 invasion of Iraq, United States]

Strong Essays
1680 words (4.8 pages)

Central America Essay

- Central America Central America, just south of Mexico and North of Panama, consists of just six countries; Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica. Of those six, all share a distinct common history except for Belize. Belize for one is incredibly small, and while Spanish is the official language of other Central American countries, in Belize English is spoken. So throughout this paper as I carelessly say 'Central American' I am not including Belize whose history and development was far different than the others....   [tags: Central American History]

Strong Essays
1385 words (4 pages)