Essay on Cholera: A Disease of Poverty

Essay on Cholera: A Disease of Poverty

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Cholera: A Disease of Poverty

Cholera is an infectious intestinal disease common in Southern Asia.
Cholera is caused by a comma-shaped bacterium called Vibrio Choleras. The
microorganism is transmitted by water or food that has been contaminated
with the feces of people who have the disease. Cholera occurs when Vibrio
Cholera enters the intestines and releases Cholera toxin. The toxin causes
the intestine to secrete large amounts of water and salt. Because the
intestine cannot absorb the water and salt at the rate they are secreted,
the patient suffers severe diarrhea. This loss of fluid causes severe
dehydration and changes in the body chemistry. If untreated, the illness
can lead to shock and eventually death. With proper treatment, Cholera
lasts only a few days. Prevention of Cholera requires adequate sanitation
facilities. A vaccine against the illness has been developed, but it is
not very effective. People who travel in areas where Cholera is widespread
should not drink the local water. They should cook all foods that may have
been exposed to wat...

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