The Island of Jamaica Essay

The Island of Jamaica Essay

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The Island of Jamaica

The island of Jamaica is the third largest Caribbean island. It is in
a group of islands called the greater antilles. It has an area of 10 991
km squared or 4 244 sq. miles. Jamaica spans 230 km east to west and from
80-36 from north to south. It is third only to Cuba, which is the largest,
and Hispaniola which is the second largest island. Jamaica lies in the
Caribbean sea which is a part of the much larger Atlantic ocean. The
island is 960 km south of Florida, 160 km southwest of Haiti, and 140 km
south of Cuba.

Jamaica is mainly a mountainous island but there are 320 km of fine
sandy beaches, swamps, moist fern- forests, sprawling open plains, plateaus,
rushing rivers, and magnificent waterfalls. The Blue Mountains are the
highest mountains in Jamaica and Blue Mountain Peak which is the highest
peak in Jamaica rises to 2256 m or 7 402 feet. They are made up primarily
of limestone. Farther to the west in the cockpit country the limestone has
eroded over many years to form large depressions, narrow valleys,
underground caverns and rivers. Most of the surface rivers are short, swift
flowing and descend quickly to the coast and consist of a series of rapids
and waterfalls. The island is ringed by plains separated by mountain and

The country is divided into three counties. They are Cornwall to the
west, Middlesex is central, and Surrey is to the east. Middlesex is the
largest county. Jamaica is also divided into 14 parishes which are
basically like provinces or states. The parishes are Kingston, St. Andrew,
St. Thomas, Portland, St. Mary, St. Ann, Trelawny, St. James, Hanover,
Westmoreland, St. Elizabeth, Manchester, Clarendon, and St. Catherine.

... middle of paper ...

... Kingston, Jamaica:
Kingston Publishers, 1976

Macpherson, John. Carribean Lands. Spain:
Longman Group Ltd, 1974

Sherlock, Philip. The Land and People of the West Indies. U.S.A:
J.B. Lippincott Company, 1967

Wilkins, Francis. Jamaica. Hong Kong:
Chelsea House Publishers, 1987

Zach, Paul., and Hoefer, Hans Insight Guides: Jamaica. Singapore:
APA Productions, 1987

Jamaica Information Service. Jamaica: An Overview. Kingston:
Jamaica Information Service, 1990

Potter, Mitch. "New Album Kicks off Marley Blitz."
The Toronto Star. 6 February, 1991, Sec. E, p. 4

"Jamaica." Merit Students Encyclopedia. 16th ed., 1980

"Jamaica." The World Book Encyclopedia 14th ed., 1989

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