In the article, “ Biotechnology, Ethics and the Politics of Cloning, ” the authors, Steven Best and Douglas Kellner describe the advantages and disadvantages of cloning and discuss the ethical issues related to cloning. They give various examples and judge them from different perspectives. They believe that the entire realm of biotechnology is fraught with dangers and problems that require careful study and democratic debate of key ethical issues. They too are of the opinion that in an era where everything depends on technology and where life can be created and redesigned in a Petri dish and genetic codes can be edited like a digital text, the distinction between ‘ natural ’ and ‘ artificial ’ have become greatly complexified.
Steven Best and Douglas Kellner state that the defenders of biotechnology extol its potential to increase food production and quality and; to cure diseases and prolong human life. Its critics, on the other hand, claim that genetic engineering of food would produce “ Frankenfoods ” ( Best and Kellner 440 ) that would pollute the food supply with potentially harmful products; that biotechnology-out-of-control could devastate the environment, biodiversity and human life itself; that animal and human cloning would breed monstrosities; that a dangerous new eugenics is on the horizon; and that the manipulation of embryonic stem cells would violate the principle of respect for life and would destroy a bona fide ‘human being’.
Best and Kellner also discuss the serious topics of animal cloning and human cloning. They are of the opinion that animals are already exploited enough in slaughter houses, laboratories and factory farms and they should...
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... or overly explicit expectations of clone-born persons ( or animals ); and the need either to establish or to prevent limits on reproductive freedom.
In both these articles, the authors describe the ethical issues related to cloning. They bring out the advantages and disadvantages of cloning. They agree that human cloning is not far away considering the amount of experiments done and the great progress shown in this field. But it is high time that ethical standards be set to cloning. This is one topic that evokes a great public response worldwide.
Best, Steven ; Kellner, Douglas. “ Biotechnology, Ethics and the Politics of Cloning. ” Democracy & Nature 8.3 ( 2002 ) : 439 – 465.
Poland, Susan Cartier ; Bishop, Laura Jane. “ Bioethics and Cloning, Part I. ” Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 12.3 ( 2002 ) : 305-323
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