The traditional idea of movement that changes the world is global movement: the explorers and adventurers that sailed around the world, the people who moved and colonized new lands. Michael Adas in Machines as the Measure of Men stated that the ideas that drove the European colonization were the "products of male ingenuity and male artifice" (14). Most of the exploration and first colonization was done by men. It would not have been socially correct for women. But women did have an integral role in other processes, mainly in the social transformation of countries. While men set up the first connections and created global trading, small changes were happening with in countries. Women helped in these, especially in England.
The women alive during the European exploration were not very involved in physical traveling. They sat around, keeping houses together as husbands discovered new lands. But while they made none of the early contributions to traveling, they played an integral role in drawing cultures together, especially when England began to focus on a mercantile economy. Between the 16th and the 18th centuries, the world economy was beginning to grow, and England needed to make a place for itself in the world. To do this, it needed a product that it could use at home as well as export to other countries as material for trade. The English economy found this in its textile industry, although the industry had to be changed slightly. And so England began to establish itself as a textile provider.
The process of making cloth requires many different steps. First a material needs to be grown and collected. England used three of these: cotton, wool, and flax. Cotton and ...
... middle of paper ...
...that was considered proper work for women, they were immediately drawn into the system. This slight shift changed many things about English society. It provided a way in which women could move socially without repercussions, grow financially independent, and created a link through which ideas could flow. Much social and intellectual movement was done by women, even if it was under the guise of simply walking over to a neighbor's house to spin flax.
Adas, Michael, "Machines as the Meaure of Men: Science, Technology, and Ideologies of Western Dominance", Cornell Univ. Press 1989
Schneider, Jane. Rumpelstilskin's Bargain: Folklore and the Merchant Capitalist Intensification of Linen Manufacture in Early Modern Europe. In Cloth and Human Experience, edited by Annette B. Weiner and Jane Schneider. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press 1993.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Transformation of London in the 1790s Many changes were occurring in London during the 1790s. New ideas were emerging within England and around the world. The onset of the French Revolution contributed greatly to the unrest and the turmoil of the times. As the English citizens responded to both internal and external affairs, religious movements, social and political reform parties, and governmental reactions gained momentum. In addition, many writers responded and contributed to the progressive environment by giving the people a voice and further pointing out injustices.... [tags: European Europe History]
1392 words (4 pages)
- England: The City of Today Glorious, glorious England. As the Empire spreads some say "so does its glory"; others mumble of the price which we pay for our greatness. Many of us Londoners have read, if not discussed, the intriguing debate transpiring between Sir Andrew Ure and Sir James Phillips Kay. Are the cities of great England truly representative of the jewels in Her Majesty's Crown. Or are they the stain of exploitation and abuse that some have proclaimed. Sir James Phillips Kay, an M.D.... [tags: European Europe History]
2167 words (6.2 pages)
- Great Expectations, a novel written by Charles Dickens during the Victorian era. This novel was set in early Victorian England at a time when great social changes were taking place. During the late eighteenth and nineteenth century, the Industrial Revolution had transformed the social landscape, allowing industrialists and manufacturers to accumulate huge fortunes that would otherwise have been inaccessible. Aside from the political and economic change which occurred, a profound social change took place.... [tags: Literary Analysis ]
1077 words (3.1 pages)
- During the period of time when Shakespeare's’ plays were produced, the division between gender roles of men and women were greatly distinguished. In the Renaissance Period women were portrayed by society as objects of desire however their ruler, Queen Elizabeth, seemed to defied this objectification. Many believed that she should be wed and produced an heir and yet by refusing this traditional custom, knowing that as soon as she bore a son she would lose her power to control England, Queen Elizabeth unintentionally shattered the illusion of the female roles in society.... [tags: cross-dressing, transformation, power]
727 words (2.1 pages)
- Phillis Wheatley is recognized as the first African American female poet published in America, among many other titles. When she was only seven years old she was brought to America and sold into slavery. Fortunately, her masters did not abuse her; instead they actually cared for her and educated her. Although much of her work is forever lost, some of her published pieces still remain, among them “On Being Brought from Africa to America” and “To the University of Cambridge, in New England”. The former work is a short poem that describes two of her most life-altering experiences: being sold into slavery and becoming redeemed by God.... [tags: Religious, Redemption, Transformation]
796 words (2.3 pages)
- ... Nettie Honeyball, a lower-middle class woman and Florence Dixie who was part of the aristocracy promoted the introduction of organized women’s football in Britain in 1894 by creating the British Ladies’ Football Club (BLFC). This challenged the Victorian feminine ideology and dominant social structure in Britain by including women in a traditionally masculine sport, therefore going against the normal sporting gender roles. The first BLFC match was played 23 March 1895 as a scrimmage splitting the Club into, “the North ‘Reds’ and the South ‘Blues’…” The unconventional display of female athleticism antagonizes the masculine and feminine identities defined in British society.... [tags: gegemonic masculinity in British culture]
1045 words (3 pages)
- The seventeenth century marked the start of great colonization and immigration to the New World that was North America. Mainly in on the eastern coast of what is now the United States, England established colonies on this new land to thrive socially and economically. The English government readily sent its citizens to America to exploit its abundant source of raw materials and the English people exponentially came to the colonies to start a new life for themselves and to thrive socially. In Virginia during the seventeenth century, the geographical attributes in this region allowed the establishment of the cash crop tobacco to rapidly transform the colony socially and economically.... [tags: Sociol development, Economic Development, Colonial]
523 words (1.5 pages)
- The extended economic recession we have been facing in the UK since the 2008 financial crisis, and the rising levels of unemployment here, have raised significant concern about what the government can and should be doing to help revitalize the economy. In this essay I analyse possible solutions to this from the viewpoint of two different economic philosophers, Adam Smith, based on his publication “The Wealth of Nations” and Michael Porter, based on his 1998 Harvard Business Review article “Clusters and The New Economics of Competition”.... [tags: Economic Philosophy, Role of Government]
1810 words (5.2 pages)
- Life in Medieval Europe was governed by the Pyramid-shaped Feudal System. The operation of this system consisted of the lowest peasants at the base and the highest lords at the top. One good thing about the feudal system was that it was possible for everyone to move up in rank. However, it was much harder to women. (Feudalism Pyramid) Women’s standing in this pyramid were determined by the male in her life, whether it be a husband, father, or brother. Yet, no matter what their standing may be, women were not seen in a positive light or valued.... [tags: British history, women's role]
1444 words (4.1 pages)
- The Study of transformation and its meaning can be difficult to understand. It can however be made easier through he use of sources such as novels, plays and movies. Two plays that help this study, include Shakespeare’s Hamlet and Stoppard’s R + G.Both plays are written in different times making the two a very important aspect, in its relation to the notion of ‘transformation’. Through elements in both plays such as context, themes and techniques we are able to understand the relationship between the two The context and values of both plays are able to bring out the nature of the protagonists.... [tags: essays research papers]
997 words (2.8 pages)