Julio Cortázar’s Hopscotch is not simply non-linear fiction, as the novel provides an early precedent for many of the characteristics found in contemporary hypertext fiction. Readers familiar with electronic hypertext fiction will likely notice the similarities in narrative structure, point of view, and the postmodern tenet of form contributing to content.
Cortázar writes in the Table of Instructions that Hopscotch contains 2 books mainly, likely meaning the different reading sequences; however, the first two sections, “From the Other Side” and “From This Side,” can be considered the different books to which Cortázar alludes. Just as distinct plot threads exist in hypertext fictions, we can consider the two sections independent narratives: the most significant factor for this distinction is the settings, Paris and Buenos Aires, which respectively influence the sections’ plots more so than any characters. Essentially each section presents Horacio Oliveira’s interaction with and actions within each city; Oliveira shows no motivations or desires behind his actions and is therefore guided by the cities he lives in the midst of (e.g. Paris provides him streets to wander and find other intellectuals while Buenos Aires takes him from a circus to a mental institution). I will discuss each narrative in more detail slightly later, but first I must finish my point of each section’s distinction. As Cortázar orders “From the Other Side” before “From This Side,” the first becomes the reader’s schema for further reading; while I assert that we can read the second section as an independent narrative, we will refer, whether consciously or subconsciously, to the first as ...
... middle of paper ...
...oint of the amount of text to read, I remind readers of Oliveira’s choices to accompany Berthe Trepat (115) and to return to La Maga’s apartment (144): greater understanding does not result from passivity, but rather, conscious decisions that produce more experiences. Thus, readers who experience more of the text will receive a more expanded reading than those who passively seek the course of start to finish. While this may not seem terribly insightful, consider hopscotch as a game for both Oliveira and readers, in which sequence serves as the method of achieving harmony (348) and creating a narrative, respectfully. Though readers may experience the same kind of futility as Oliveira, they can at least employ the variability offered in favor of deterministic page-turning.
Cortázar, Julio. Hopscotch. Trans. Gregory Rabassa. New York: Random House, 1966.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Julio Cortázar is a famous novelist from Argentina. He was born August 26, 1914 in Brussels, Belgium and died February 12, 1984 at the age of 70 years young. Otherness is the foundation of translation in almost every sense of the word. The translator must become the author's other, his Doppelganger, what Julio Cortázar called his paredros, using a Greek term for an old Egyptian concept of otherness. At the same time the translator must turn the author into another possibility of his own existence.... [tags: biography, otherness ]
1268 words (3.6 pages)
- Julio Cortazar’s poem “After The Party” is a poem about what is happening to the narrator after a party, and what all he is feeling. It is the narrator thinking and appreciating all he sees and has. The form is a three stanza poem with three lines to start and gradually building until there are six lines to end, without any kind of rhyme. The poem begins with the narrator describing the setting. He starts off by saying that there is no one else left except himself and his significant other. He is describing the feelings that he has with this person, and how he looks at them.... [tags: Poetry, Stanza, Cigarette, Julio Cortázar]
745 words (2.1 pages)
- In Julio Cortazar’s Blow-Up and Other Stories, the short stories Letter to a Young Lady in Paris, Continuity of Parks and Blow-Up demonstrate the theme of concealing reality. Cortazar uses closely intertwined imagery and symbolism throughout his short stories to conceal the overall message. In Letter to a Young Lady in Paris there is the allusion to repression of the main character as he writes about his continual problem of vomiting bunnies and his eventual suicide. The story Continuity of Parks, a man reads a story and finds out that he is a part of a dramatic love affair and becomes murdered by the main character in the novel, demonstrating repressed sexual desire.... [tags: concealing reality theme]
778 words (2.2 pages)
- How do you know that a dream is really a dream or if reality is real. The ‘Night Face Up’ is a short story written by Julio Cortazar depicting a nameless protagonist who flips between dream and reality. The main character is switching between a hospital setting between the 1950’s and 1980’s, and an ancient Aztec area. The man experiences a world where he was recently involved in a motorcycle accident and ends up in the hospital with a broken arm. In the Aztec area he is running for his life as he is being hunted down to be a human sacrifice.... [tags: face up]
1252 words (3.6 pages)
- Julio Cortazar's Axolotl Misidentified as Magical Realism Some people consider a book to be magical realism based on the author or the part of the world it was written in. Just because an author has written a book that is magical realism does not mean that all of the books that author writes will be magical realism. Though most magical realism stories are written by Latin American authors, a story is not necessarily magical realism if the author came from that region. Julio Cortazar is an Argentine writer who has published many short stories and novels.... [tags: Axolotl Essays]
968 words (2.8 pages)
- Lucid dreams, or out of body experiences, are claimed to be real by some, even though scientists and doctors say that they are not real. Susan Blackmore explains in “Lucid Dreaming: Awake in Your Sleep?” that lucid dreams are considered different than normal dreams. Blackmore also goes on to say that a lucid dream requires concentration when someone falls asleep. In some cases people claim that they are able to control their dreams, or leave their body whole they dream. In Julio Cortazer’s story, “The Night Face Up,” the main character can arguably be said to have an out of body experience starting after he is involved in a horrible motorcycle accident.... [tags: literary analysis, lucid dreams]
1159 words (3.3 pages)
- Tacitus was born in 56ad and died in 115ad. His book the Annals is a history of the Julio Claudian emperors. The book starts with Augustus and ends with Nero. The way that Tacitus describes Tiberius 's reign is rather different from how that emperor is remembered. When people think of Tiberius they usually think of an old man on Capri ignoring the needs of the empire while enjoying himself with perverse entertainment. The way Tacitus describes his reign it 's almost as if he is describing a completely different person.... [tags: Roman Empire, Augustus, Tiberius, Tacitus]
1550 words (4.4 pages)
- Authors’ use of setting and point of view greatly affect a narrative because they form the readers’ image of the story. First person narration can cause questioning of the narrators reliability, but this bias view can help create more intimacy between the protagonist and the reader. A third person point of view is more objective and allows the author to create the voice of the narrative; the author shapes the story. Through whichever point of view, the author develops a setting. Setting provides tone for the story.... [tags: Narrative, Narrative mode, First-person narrative]
717 words (2 pages)
- A Sense of Character and Society in Forster's Room With a View Forster wastes no time in setting the scene and setting the class boundaries of his characters. We know even from the first statement that Miss Bartlett is towards the upper classes and is potentially a very highly strung woman, which is later proven to be true. "The Signora had no business to do it" is so telling because we can imagine the word "Signora" being spat out in disgust and the forcefulness of the "no" truly imprints Charlottes histeria as major trait of her disposition.... [tags: Forster Room View]
1181 words (3.4 pages)
- A View of the Woods Flannery O'Connor is a very complex writer in terms of her use of symbolism in addition to the elements of the grotesque and blackly humorous. O'Connor’s story, "A View of the Woods," is symbolically complicated. The story focuses on the relationship of Mary Fortune Pitts, a little girl, and her grandfather, Mr Fortune. The story is one of conflict that mounts to tragedy in the end. The conflict is basically between Mary Fortune and her grandfather over the sale of some ground that Mary Fortune finds important for her father's grazing of his cattle and for the view of the woods.... [tags: View of the Woods Essays]
879 words (2.5 pages)
- Solving the Mystery in Doyle's The Hound of the Baskervilles
- Huck's Conflicted Character in Mark Twain's The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
- Huck's Conflicted Nature in Mark Twain's The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
- Non-Racist Attitude in Mark Twain's The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
- Spirituality in Mark Twain's The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
- The Importance of Friendship in Mark Twain's The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn