In his novel Candide, Voltaire often criticized religious beliefs of the times. His criticism of religion surfaces throughout the entire story. The kindness of the Anabaptist that Candide met showed the silliness of religious prejudices. The old woman's story of her father, Pope Urban X, and the life of wealth she lived as a child shows the corruption of the Catholic clergy. Finally, the conversation Candide and Cacambo had with the old man in Eldorado shows the benefits of a simple religion, a contrast of the European religions of the time.
During the eighteenth century, the Anabaptists were often persecuted and hated because of their radical religious beliefs. Voltaire attacked this custom with his description of the kindness of an Anabaptist by the name of James. Candide found himself in Holland, a Christian country, with no food or work, so he asked one of the Protestant citizens for some bread. After Candide did not admit that the pope was the antichrist, the Protestant yelled at him, "You don't deserve to eat... go you scoundr...
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- Every culture has almost a religion in the world. A religion is a collection of beliefs, views and cultural characteristics that completely reflects the culture and relate humanity. Religion continues to effect the people of any culture for a long time. In the books which they read, ın the places which they go or even ın their thoughts in which on their heads, religion is an important phenomenon for them. In world literature, there are many books which are written on this issue.One of the books is ‘Candide’.... [tags: attacks and criticism on religion]
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- “Religion, Politics and Morals” How did Voltaire exploit the pre-modern era through mockery and criticism of 18th century society. Voltaire’s Candide can be understood in several ways by its audience. At a first glance it would appear to be simply a story blessed with outrageous creativity, but if you look deeper in to the novel, a more complicated and meaningful message is buried within. Voltaire uses the adventures of Candide as a representation of what he personally feels is wrong within in society.... [tags: enlightenment, philosophy, criticism]
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- ... "What is this optimism?" said Cacambo. "Alas. Said Candide," it is the madness of maintaining that everything is right when it is wrong." (Ch. II) This belief stems from Voltaire 's dissatisfaction with how society treats problems, and how easily the church can manipulate people. Voltaire 's work can be motivated by the disastrous remnants of the crusades, where nobles donning the cross burned, raped, and pillaged their way through Europe in the name of God. This holy war left many Europeans with a bitter sentiment from the churches internal affairs with popes and anti-popes becoming extravagant wars and waste of money.... [tags: Candide, Voltaire, Age of Enlightenment]
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- Prejudices Against Religion and State in Candide Voltaire has strong viewpoints that become very obvious when reading his work Candide. Candide is a collection of criticisms that immortalize Voltaire's Controversial thoughts and prejudices against religion and state. Voltaire had a negative view on government as he wrote in Candide: "let us work without arguing, that is the only way to make life endurable." Voltaire accepted the Royalists and rejected the parliamentary interpretation of the French constitution, but he was willing to concede that the legal position was not clear.... [tags: Candide essays]
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- ... Candide gets this philosophy from his teacher Pangloss, who is also an extreme optimist. Both Pangloss and Candide are faced with horrible suffering and misfortune, almost in spite of their optimistic outlook on life. 4. The novel is packed full of occurrences that directly oppose Candide’s philosophy. Candide is banished from the castle he lives in, travels to a new town where after a misunderstanding is forced to “run the gauntlet”, in other words be tortured by a plethora of armed soldiers, then serves in the army in a war where he witnesses mass carnage.... [tags: Candide, Voltaire, Best of all possible worlds]
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- Voltaire’s Opposition to Optimism in Candide Philosophy is a means by which humans search for a general understanding of the world and its concepts. Through experience, thought, and observation, one can arrive at a conclusion that forms the basis of his ideas. However, if one simply thinks and does not act, this conclusion does not make any significant difference on his life. This is a major point that Voltaire tries to make in Candide. He is trying to change society by demonstrating the absurdity of optimism.... [tags: Candide essays pessimism pessimist philosophy]
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- Voltaire was the author of the novella Candide, also known as "Optimism". The the novella, Voltaire portrays the idea of Optimism as being illogical and absurd. In Candide, Voltaire satirizes the doctrine of Optimism, an idea that was greatly used during the Enlightenment time period by philosophers. In this narrative, Candide is a young man who goes through a series of undertakings and ventures around the the globe where he experiences evil and adversity. Throughout his journeys, Candide maintained the ideas of the teachings of his tutor, Pangloss.... [tags: Satire of Optimism Philosophy]
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- The age of Enlightenment in France started in the late 17th century, a time during which the absolute monarchy of Louis XIV ruled over all facets of life. The opulence and power of a single ruler led many philosophers of the time to look at life more closely and consider the realities behind the extravagance of the court of Versailles. On the surface of society, reason was seen as the driving force of the civilized world, education was becoming more and more important, the arts and sciences were encouraged, and the values of the Classical Period were at the forefront.... [tags: Irony, France, Enlightenment]
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- The Merriam-Webster Dictionary defines satire as: “literary work holding up human vices and follies to ridicule or scorn.” Besides this definition satire can also be seen as the particular literary way of making possible the improvement of humanity and its institutions. In the three works: Moliere’s “Tartuffe,” Voltaire’s “Candide,” and Swift’s “A Modest Proposal” the authors indirectly criticize and ridicule human behavior and characteristics but with the goal for improving these faults rather than just demolishing them. In Moliere’s “Tartuffe,” although many things and behaviors are satirized, the play focuses mainly on the issue of religious hypocrisy.... [tags: Swift Voltaire Moliere]
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- Candide Candide, written by Voltaire during the 18th century is a celebrated novel known for it's strong criticism of the Middle Ages and Enlightenment expressed by Voltaire. During the transformation from the Middle Ages to The Enlightenment, social, religious and political ideas were rejected and emphasis was placed on rationalism. Three examples of this notion that are expressed in Candide are as follows. Social conduct that was normally practiced during the 18th century was thrown out of the window during the Enlightenment.... [tags: European Literature]
583 words (1.7 pages)