The revised ending of Great Expectations is the version that Bulwer-Lytton gave his advice on. It was after reading what Dickens had written in his original ending that Bulwer-Lytton made suggestions on how to improve the ending. In this ending, Pip and Estella meet again in the garden at Satis House, but the possibility of them being together, even married, is left open in contrast to the original.
By this point in the novel, Estella has suffered enormously, and is made into a better, more sympathetic person for it. Although this comes through in the original version, it is made even clearer in the second version. As Estella herself says, "I have been bent and broken, but--I hope--into a better shape" (439; ch. 59). This not only ties into the theme of blacksmithing in the novel, but also is different from the first ending because she is actually mentioning her change, as opposed to Pip remarking of it to the reader (Sadrin 176). Since Estella has suffered, the reader is meant to see that now she will be able to be with Pip. In a sense, she has suffered in order to be a worthy match for Pip. However, this goes against the "tone of pessimistic irony which pervades and helps to unify the novel" (Sucksmith 112). After everything that Pip has gone through, it seems quite a stretch that he and Estella can be happy together, or even have a possibility of being together after everything they have been through. Throughout the novel, Dickens has made it quite clear that Estella is above Pip, socially and financially. "She called me 'boy' so often, and with a carelessness that was far from complimentary" (70; ch. 8). By having Estella act snobbishly towards Pip, Dickens creates a huge gap ...
... middle of paper ...
...tence lead readers to believe that although Dickens, under the influence of Bulwer-Lytton, wanted them to be together, he could not decide on a definite way, so he left the last sentence vague. By doing so, Dickens left Pip and Estella's future in the hands of the readers, not his own, and took the responsibility of a definite ending off of his shoulders.
Dickens, Charles. Great Expectations. Ed. Janice Carlisle. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 1996.
Millhauser, Milton. "Great Expectations: The Three Endings." Dickens Studies Annual 2 (1972): 267-276.
Rosenberg, Edgar. "Last Words on Great Expectations." Dickens Studies Annual 9 (1981): 87- 107.
Sadrin, Anny. "The Sense of Two Endings." Great Expectations. London: Unwin Hyman, 1988. 167-80.
Sucksmith, Harvey Peter. The Narrative Art of Charles Dickens. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1970.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- In Defense of the Original Ending of Great Expectations Many critics prefer the original ending to the revised version because it is the ending that Dickens himself decided to write without consulting anyone. Many people believe that since Bulwer-Lytton gave Dickens input on the second ending that it is not as true. Although Dickens may have inadvertently been plagiarizing, the original ending is the way that Dickens felt the novel should end, as opposed to the way Bulwer-Lytton felt it should end.... [tags: Great Expectations Essays]
1165 words (3.3 pages)
- The Two Endings of Charles Dickens' Great Expectations No novel is complete without a good ending. Although the introductory and middle portions are important as well, the conclusion is what the reader tends to remember most. When Charles Dickens wrote Great Expectations, he crafted a work that is truly excellent the whole way through. From the moment Pip is introduced until he and Estella walk out of the garden in the final chapter, this book exhibits an uncanny ability to keep the reader wanting more.... [tags: Charles Dickens Great Expectations]
1384 words (4 pages)
- A Tale of Two Endings of Great Expectations When Charles Dickens first drafted Great Expectations, his original ending to the novel provided a concrete conclusion for the story. However, when his editor asked him to revise the ending, he did so, stating that the revised ending was a “pretty… little piece of writing.” (Appendix A) The ambiguity of the revised ending, however, leaves much to be desired. In the original ending, when Biddy questions Pip about his current feelings toward Estella, he claims strongly that he is “sure and certain” that he is over Estella (Appendix A).... [tags: Great Expectations Essays]
647 words (1.8 pages)
- In Great Expectations Pip is devastated to find out that the convict he helped years ago on the marshes is the benefactor of his riches in life. His distress is exemplified by the fact that he deserted his loyal friend Joe for the life that the convict Magwitch has given him. His greatest grief, however, came from the fact that he believed he could never win the love of Estella, learning that she had married Bentley Drummel. Pip remained in a depression over his situation until he discovered the truth of Estella’s parentage. The strange coincidence of these findings cause Pip to change his attitude toward his further expectation and resume his belief that he still might have a chance w... [tags: Great Expectations Essays]
1218 words (3.5 pages)
- A six-year-old boy named Pip lives on the English marshes with his sister (Mrs. Joe Gargery) and his sister's husband (Mr. Joe Gargery). His sister is about as bossy and mean as most older sisters are—but his brother-in-law Joe is pretty much the best thing that's happened to Pip. One Christmas Eve, Pip meets a scary, escaped convict in a churchyard. Pip steals food from Mrs. Joe so that the convict won't starve (and also so that the convict won't rip his guts out). Soon after, in apparently unrelated events, Pip gets asked to play at Miss Havisham's, the creepy lady who lives down the street.... [tags: story and character review]
709 words (2 pages)
- W. K. Wimsatt and Monroe C. Beardsley are two of the most famous New Critical theorists. Their essay, “The Intentional Fallacy” impacted and further developed the study of New Criticism. It even has a profound impact on the way scholars practice criticism now. “The Intentional Fallacy” exposes the various “fallacious” or mistaken approaches to the interpretation of literature. It is false to believe that literature follows through with what the assumed purpose is from the author himself. Wimsatt and Beardsley argue that there are a whole variety of meanings of which the author might even be unaware of or never intended to be.... [tags: Great Expectations, Charles Dickens, Miss Havisham]
1017 words (2.9 pages)
- Hamlet's Themes Revived in Great Expectations Many of Hamlet's themes are revived in the text of Great Expectations. Charles Dickens creates characters and plots that are intertextually linked with the elements of the fatherly ghost and revenge in Hamlet. Pip chronicles his quest for self-discovery and establishing and/or diminishing his relationships with fatherly figures. In doing so he, much like Hamlet, is challenged by situations filled with revenge and dauntless ghosts. By Dickens integrating the Hamlet motif into Great Expectations, he promotes the reader's understanding of the dominant themes and message of Pip's tragedy, which directly correlate to the character o... [tags: Great Expectations Essays]
3950 words (11.3 pages)
- Pip's Excpectations in Jane Austen's Great Expectations In the novel 'Great Expectations', the central character Pip has many expectations thrust upon him by others, as well as himself, from a very early age. What do we discover about these expectations and the characters who 'demand' great things of Pip and does he live up to the expectations of himself and others. In the novel 'Great Expectations', many characters have expectations in Pip.... [tags: Great Expectations Essays]
768 words (2.2 pages)
- Book review of Great Expectations ================================= Great Expectations is a tale of a young man raised high above his position in society by a mysterious person. Despite the book lacking in length, it more than makes up for in its remarkable characters and gripping story. It was published serially in 1860 and issued in book form in 1861. The third person mixed with first person narrative takes Pip (Philip Pirrip) through a journey he would never forget. He was brought up “by hand”, in the marshes of Kent by his disagreeable Sister and the sweet-natured Joe Gargery and always wanted to grow to be a wealthy gentleman.... [tags: Great Expectations Essays]
863 words (2.5 pages)
- Charles Dickens' Great Expectations Charles Dickens wrote Great Expectations in 1860-1861 when he was in London. It is set in the mid nineteenth century, in Kent, and London. The basic plot of Great Expectations is: Pip, a young orphan living with his sister and her husband in the marshes of Kent, sits in a cemetery one evening looking at his parents' tombstones. Suddenly, an escaped convict springs up from behind a tombstone, grabs Pip, and orders him to bring him food and a file for his leg irons.... [tags: Great Expectations Essays]
2261 words (6.5 pages)
- I Found Timelessness at Grandmother’s House (Grandma's House)
- Misleading Interpretations of Conrad's Heart of Darkness
- The Whale as Symbol in Moby Dick
- The Lives of Dickens' Characters
- Television and Media - Social Messages in a Coca-Cola TV Commercial
- Lily Bart’s Tragic Oscillation in The House of Mirth