It is often easy to castigate large cities or third world countries as failures in the field of affordable housing, yet the crisis, like an invisible cancer, manifests itself in many forms, plaguing both urban and suburban areas. Reformers have wrestled passionately with the issue for centuries, revealing the severity of the situation in an attempt for change, while politicians have only responded with band aid solutions. Unfortunately, the housing crisis easily fades from our memory, replaced by visions of homeless vets, or starving children. Metropolis magazine explains that “…though billions of dollars are spent each year on housing and development programs worldwide, ? At least 1 billion people lack adequate housing; some 100 million have none at all.? In an attempt to correct this worldwide dilemma, a United Nations conference, Habitat II, was held in Istanbul, Turkey in June of 1996. This conference was open not only to government leaders, but also to community organizers, non governmental organizations, architects and planners. “By the year 2000, half the world’s people will live in cities. By the year 2025, two thirds of the world population will be urban dwellers ? Globally, one million people move from the countryside to the city each week.? Martin Johnson, a community organizer and Princeton professor who attended Habitat II, definitively put into words the focus of the deliberations. Cities, which are currently plagued with several of the severe problems of dis-investment ?crime, violence, lack of jobs and inequality ?and more importantly, a lack of affordable and decent housing, quickly appeared in the forefront of the agenda.
The dis-investment is present in many large citie...
... middle of paper ...
...ary 1997: 66+
Johnson, Martin. “United Nations Habitat II Conference in Instanbul, Turkey,?The Advocate, December 1996: 2+
A. International situation
1. Habitat II conference in Istanbul
a. Article written in Metropolis magazine
b. Personal account by community organizer
A. Bergen county
1. HUD statistics for county
2. Studies shown in graphs, charts, tables
3. Maps showing minority, unemployed, and low income areas
a. This is to draw a possible conclusion of course
b. Statistics show ownership : housing problems
B. NYC situation
1. Less statistics, more stories and examples
a. Drawing from NYT article 8 part series
A. Are there relationships of race : housing?
B. Is the government pulling its weight?
C. Are there solutions at hand?
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Countless throughout the streets of Jackson, MS there are homeless people asking for food, money, etc. and some people aid them and others walk away. However, does anyone ever see the other side of the equation. Driving down Gallatin St. one night I saw firsthand the “other side”. Because of this, the issue that my research will cover is homelessness. Homelessness is defined as a state in which individuals lack a fixed, regular, and adequate night-time residence. Poverty, lack of affordable housing, declining wages, lost jobs, the economy, foreclosure, decreased assistance programs, domestic violence, substance abuse, mental illness, single parenthood, etc.... [tags: Homelessness, Poverty, Jackson, Mississippi]
1079 words (3.1 pages)
- In America, there are many people who face the horrors of foreclosure and possible homelessness. Not always it is the fault of the homeowner, but the fault of the surrounding situations, inflation, recession, and unexpected circumstances. The fact is that the general public doesn’t care. In fact, many have bumper stickers that read “the only good welfare system is a job,” with the face of Ronald Reagan on the side. If this were true, then those who are homeless but have jobs are just punishing themselves.... [tags: Economics]
1132 words (3.2 pages)
- Americans were willing to live beyond their means, and bankers were willing to finance the dream. The biggest problem with this easy money was the obvious lack of responsible financial regulation. “Stated income” allowed anyone to easily commit fraud for a home loan, and banks weren’t worried about the money they lent since the loan was ultimately backed by the government. Sub-prime borrowers were given the opportunity to get mortgages, and no money down allowed people to get a home loan without really having “skin in the game.” Second mortgages were only icing on the cake and people figured that as long as house prices kept rising, home equity could be used as an instant cash machine to li... [tags: real estate]
1189 words (3.4 pages)
- As the economy drops and foreclosures are on the rise, millions of Americans who were financially stable several years ago are asking the same question, “How could this happen to me?” The crisis has occupied the minds of politicians, who are trying desperately to solve this problem, but the tragedy continues as more and more Americans are foreclosed on with no alternatives. The foreclosure crisis will not be solved by simply lowering interest rates, firing loan brokers, or other short-term, ineffective solutions.... [tags: real estate, foreclosure]
1596 words (4.6 pages)
- Democrats and Republicans may have difficulty agreeing over Supreme Court nominees, military spending, the Affordable Care Act (Obama Care), or how to secure the borders. But one issue seems to unite both parties: national criminal justice reform, including major improvements to offender re-entry programs--on the state, federal, and local levels. That doesn’t mean that political squabbling and ideological posturing will not make their appearance. Americans, regrettably, have become used to that.... [tags: Crime, Prison, Criminal justice, Punishment]
875 words (2.5 pages)
- Homeless in America Homelessness affects millions of Americans each year, with approximately one third of this population suffering from severe mental disorders. In Las Cruces we have a number of homeless people that have a mental disorder. Las Cruces does not provide the homeless mentally ill with sufficient services. it is necessary to provide them with support, protection, treatment, and rehabilitation. Although surveys have been conducted defending that mental illness does cause homelessness.... [tags: Poor Unemployment Housing Essays]
1632 words (4.7 pages)
- Government Funded Programs Other government funded programs that assist families with housing is public housing. Public housing is established to provide decent and safe rental housing for eligible low-income families, the elderly, and persons with disabilities. Public housing comes in all sizes and types, from scattered single family houses to high rise apartments for the elderly. There are approximately 1.3 million units of occupied public housing managed by some 3,400 public housing authorities.... [tags: Poverty, Poverty in the United States]
751 words (2.1 pages)
- How to Make College Affordable by Reducing it’s Demand The demand for a college education has erupted in the past fifty years, but because of this sudden demand many problems have surfaced. The cost of a college education has increased dramatically often becoming unaffordable for many students. While the demand has increased and so has the cost, the college system needs to address the many issues students are facing in this time of their life. With many factors causing the cost of a college education to rise, problems like an increased demand for a college education needs to be addressed by increasing the focus on vocational training, decreasing the amount of jobs that require a college educ... [tags: Higher education, High school, Education]
886 words (2.5 pages)
- Homelessness has been a thorny issue in many countries. In the United States alone, the number of homeless people as at January twenty fifteen stood at more than half a million people. This problem affects people from all walks of life among them, children. The numbers of homeless people have been seen to be steadily decreasing in the US but have been continuously increasing in some countries such as India. Most of these homeless people have been seen to be seeking shelter solutions in various areas such as under bridges, abandoned houses and unsheltered locations such as cars, streets and in public recreational parks.... [tags: Homelessness, Poverty, Supportive housing]
2039 words (5.8 pages)
- Originally, cities arose because naturally, humans are social creatures that dwell in close proximity to each other, and it was typically in areas where the basic needs of food, shelter and water could be met or obtained. These communities grew to be large and expansive cities with complex natures, public buildings, religious institutions and possessed unique forms of housing, transportation and streets. (Cavaglieri, 22). There are currently two conflicting ideas of how a city should develop, through urban sprawl or through smart growth.... [tags: sustainability, housing, transportation]
1930 words (5.5 pages)