I decided to do this paper in an effort to try and become less ethnocentric and find an appreciation of cultural practices which were not of my own. I feel I have found a deeper appreciation for many African cultural practices, but my research of African culture has exposed me to many practices that seem inhumane and barbaric. One cultural practice that I just cannot bring myself to agree with is the treatment and oppression of African women by men. Through my studies on Female Genital Mutilation, I had hoped to find a valid explanation for this procedure that is so frequently being done to women and female children. Instead, I found something deep within myself that wishes this mutilation would come to an end. Allow me to provide you with the facts.
Female Genital Mutilation, sometimes also referred to as femal circumcision, is a surgical modification of the female genitalia. Ther are four forms of female genital mutilation. The first is called Mild Sunna. It is the removal of the prepuce of the clitoris. It is comparable to male circumcision when the foreskin is removed from the
penis. Next there is the Modified Sunna which is the partial or total removal of the body of the clitoris. Then you have the Clitoridectomy or Excision. This is the removal of all or part of the clitoris as well as all or part of the labia minora. Lastly, there is Infibulation or Pharaonic circumcision. This consists of a clitoridectomy and the removal of the labia minora and also the inner layers of the labia
majora. The raw edges of the vulva are then sewn together with catgut or brought together by use of thorns. A small sliver of wood or straw is often then inserted into the vagina to prevent complete occlusion and to ...
... middle of paper ...
... Nearly one hundred fifty million females have undergone this procedure and it is estimated that each year 2 million individuals are still at risk. I am hoping that this information will grab at the hearts of others and educate readers on the facts of Female Genital Mutilation. With that, I devote this to my sisters in Africa in hopes that this violation will one day come to an end.
1. Do They Hear You When You Cry. Fauziya Kassindja. 1998
2. Female Genital Mutilation. American College of Obstetrics and Gynecologists Committee Opinion. Number 151. Jan. 2003
3. Female Genital Mutilation. Council of Scientific Affairs. American Medical Association. JAMA Dec. 2000. Vol.274. No. 21
4. Infibulation in the Horn of Africa. Guy Pieters M.D. Albert B. Lowentels M.D. New York State Journal of Medicine. April 2001. Vol. 77. Number 6. pgs.729-731
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Female Genital Mutilation FGM originated in Africa. It was, and remains, a cultural, not a religious practice. Female genital mutilation (FGM) is also known as female circumcision is performed on young women before they reach puberty. There are three types of FGM practiced. One is Sunna circumcision in which the tip of the clitoris and/or its covering (prepuce) are removed, Clitoridectomy where the entire clitoris, the prepuce and adjacent labia are removed, and Infibulation (a.k.a. Pharaonic circumcision) which is a clitoridectomy followed by sewing up of the vulva.... [tags: Culture Cultural Genital Mutilation Essays]
1485 words (4.2 pages)
- Imagine this. Being either a young girl or a woman forcefully bound against your will while elders perform a procedure called Female Genital Mutilation (FGM). The young girls and women who are forced to have this procedure done not only loses their rights to sexual pleasure but their rights are sliced, chopped, punctured, and finally burnt away. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) otherwise known as Female Genital Circumcision (FGC) is also a controversial topic in Western societies. This paper will examine the history of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), hegemonic perspective on Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), health consequences of having this procedure done, how Female Genital Mutilation (FGM... [tags: sexual pleasure, harmful tradition]
1756 words (5 pages)
- ... Sometimes when a women who is not trained to circumcise, she will use the excess skin to clean up the puddle of blood flowing out of the vaginal area (CITATION). FGM has a lot of possible negative outcomes that cannot be avoided no matter how good or bad the operator is. Even with the best care and circumciser, the side effects of FGM are still present and will still be seen. The most typical methods of female genital mutilation include but are not limited to, “Clitoridectomy: partial or total removal of the clitoris and, in very rare cases, only the prepuce (the fold of skin surrounding the clitoris).... [tags: clitoridectomy, African origin]
1566 words (4.5 pages)
- Female circumcision, also known as Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), is a very dangerous surgery. It is done to girls of any age, from a few days old to right before their wedding. The most common age is three. In most countries where FGM is practiced the clitoris is considered dangerous to the man. At one point they thought that if a penis touched a clitoris, it would shrivel up and fall off. Girls in Africa and parts of Asia are genitally mutilated for family honor, cleanliness, protection against spells, insurance of virginity and faithfulness to the husband, or to terrorize women out of sex.... [tags: FGM, Female Genital Circumcision]
644 words (1.8 pages)
- Female Genital Mutilation in Africa ital Mutilation in Sudan In the country of Sudan, in Northern Africa, there is a procedure that is tradition and is performed on most women called female genital mutilation, or FGM, which used to be known as female circumcision. It has been a normal practice for generations, but is now the subject for international controversy on the morality and safety of this procedure. It is now known that 82 percent of Sudanese woman have an extreme form of genital mutilation done on them, normally at a young age.... [tags: Genitals Reproduction Culture Essays]
1166 words (3.3 pages)
- I decided to do this paper in an effort to try and become less ethnocentric and find an appreciation of cultural practices which were not of my own. I feel I have found a deeper appreciation for many African cultural practices, but my research of African culture has exposed me to many practices that seem inhumane and barbaric. One cultural practice that I just cannot bring myself to agree with is the treatment and oppression of African women by men. Through my studies on Female Genital Mutilation, I had hoped to find a valid explanation for this procedure that is so frequently being done to women and female children. Instead, I found something deep within myself that wishes this mut... [tags: Exploratory Essays Research Papers]
1768 words (5.1 pages)
- Female Genital Mutilation Female Genital Mutilation is believed to have started in Egypt 2,000 years ago and spread from there. Only a few years ago, FGM was considered a cultural tradition, but now the United Nations has labeled it as a violation of human rights. Canada, Denmark, the Netherlands, and the United States has declared Female Genital Mutilation grounds for seeking asylum and is a punishable offense (1). Many of us never heard of Female Genital Mutilation until the story of Kauziya Kasinga, a woman from West Africa.... [tags: History Human Rights Research Papers]
1710 words (4.9 pages)
- Female Genital Mutilation Introduction: Worldwide, an estimated 130 million girls and women have undergone female genital mutilation. At least two million women a year are "at risk" of undergoing some form of the procedure. These numbers equal out to approximately 6,000 women at risk per day. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines Female Genital Mutilation as all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs whether for cultural or other non-therapeutic reasons.... [tags: Papers]
1922 words (5.5 pages)
- The practice of female genital mutilation, also known as female circumcision, occurs throughout the world, but it is most common in Africa. Female genital mutilation is a tradition and social custom to keep a young girl pure and a married woman faithful. In Africa it is practiced in the majority of the continent including Kenya, Nigeria, Mali, Upper Volta, Ivory Coast, Egypt, Mozambique and Sudan. It is a cross-cultural and cross-religious ritual, which is performed by Muslims, Coptic Christians, Protestants, Catholics and members of various indigenous groups.... [tags: essays research papers fc]
1629 words (4.7 pages)
- Female Genital Mutilation Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), also known as female circumcision, is a destructive and invasive procedure involving the removal or alteration of female genital. The procedure is carried out at a variety of ages, ranging from shortly after birth to some time during the first pregnancy, but most commonly occurs between the ages of four and eight. There are three main types of FGC that are practiced: Type I (Sunna circumcision), Type II (Excision), and Type III (Infibulation).... [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]
1854 words (5.3 pages)