The idealized American housewife of the 60's radiated happiness, "freed by science and labor-saving appliances from the drudgery, the dangers of childbirth and the illnesses of her grandmother...healthy, beautiful, educated, concerned only about her husband, her children, her home," wrote Betty Friedan in "The Problem That Has No Name" (463). Women were portrayed as being "freed," yet it was from this mold that liberated women attempted to free themselves. Many of these same women took part in the women's liberation movement that erupted in the 60's, fueled by their involvement in the civil rights movement. Liberated women were more than just members of the women's liberation movement, however. Different characteristics distinguished the two concepts from one another.
Liberated women sought and exercised freedoms that focused more on their individual desires, differing from the group mentality that characterized the women's liberation movement. Attitudes of women towards clothing, sex, and family changed. Some women protested the traditional ideas of beauty, favoring pants and a more natural look devoid of make-up and hair curlers. In 1968, a group of women demonstrated at the site of the Miss America Pageant, railing against the image of the "perfect woman" propagated by this contest. They urged other women to join them in tossing their "bras, girdles, curlers, false eyelashes, wigs...[and] any such woman-garbage" into a Freedom Trash Can (Takin' It To The Streets, 482). Miniskirts became popular as well, tied in part to the idea of sexual liberation.
The advent of the diaphragm and birth control pill spurred the increased sexual freedom ...
... middle of paper ...
...sonal freedoms. Many liberated women took part in the liberation movement. Concern for women as a group characterized the movement, as well as the incorporation of political issues. The actions and beliefs of both still resonate today.
Bloom, Alexander, and Wini Breines, eds. "Takin' it to the Streets": A Sixties Reader. New York: Oxford UP, 1995.
Friedan, Betty. The Feminine Mystique. New York: W.H. Norton & Company, Inc., 1963. Rpt. in Bloom, 461-467.
Mainardi, Pat. "The Politics of Housework." Rpt. in Bloom, 491-495.
Morgan, Robin, ed. "No More Miss America." 1970. Rpt. in Bloom, 481-484.
"Redstockings Manifesto." 1969. Rpt. in Bloom, 485-487.
Steinem, Gloria. "What It Would Be Like If Women Win." 1970. Rpt.in Bloom, 475-481.
Susan, Barbara. "About My Consciousness Raising." Rpt. in Bloom, 488-491.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Plath's The Bell Jar -The Liberated Woman I tried to imagine what it would be like if Constantin were my husband. It would mean getting up at seven and cooking him eggs and bacon and toast and coffee and dawdling about in my nightgown and curlers after he'd left for work to wash up the dirty plates and make the bed, and then when he came home after a lively, fascinating day he'd expect a big dinner, and I'd spend the evening washing up even more dirty plates till I fell into bed, utterly exhausted.... [tags: Plath Bell Jar Essays]
1630 words (4.7 pages)
- MFeminist liberation theology is a movement arguing for the ending of oppression of women. Christianity and the church are one of the targets of this movement because it perpetuates sexism. Women are not allowed to be ordained ministers in many churches. The language reflects a male bias; God is viewed as a male with masculine language and metaphors. Women often feel excluded from the church because of this male-domination. Harvey Cox and Leo D. Lefebure both present ways in which women can be liberated from oppression; however, their methods of liberation are different.... [tags: Trinity, Holy Spirit, Gender, Christianity]
1509 words (4.3 pages)
- The Liberation of Woman The terms "Liberated Women" and "Women's Liberation" are not necessarily synonymous. In fact, much like the chicken and the egg, one may wonder which came first. While the term "Liberated Women" was probably not a widely used phrase until the height of the women's liberation movement, I maintain that liberated women emerged first. Moreover, it was the liberated women who inspired and initiated the women's liberation movement. In "The Politics of Housework" Pat Mainardi writes, "Liberated women - very different from women's liberation.... [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays]
1307 words (3.7 pages)
- Ancient writer Aesop once said “In union there is strength.” Strength can be found in a myriad of forms, whether it be within oneself, physically, allegorically and so forth. Within a collection of works containing diverse messages such as The Cycle of Liberation, I am Malala, Invisible Man, John F. Kennedy’s Inaugural Address, Rudy, Siddhartha, and The Feast of St. Crispin Speech, the theme of unity is present. With that being said, through such unification came power. To begin with, constructing a system in order to achieve unity will make the impact it has all the more remarkable.... [tags: John F. Kennedy assassination, John F. Kennedy]
1293 words (3.7 pages)
- Esther's Liberation in The Bell Jar On the surface The Bell Jar by Sylvia Plath is a loosely based autobiographical account of a young woman's search for identity that is eventually found through mental breakdown. Because Esther Greenwood's aspirations are smothered by traditional female roles, she must find herself through purging her mind of these restraints. Upon closer inspection, Esther plight is representative of her contemporaries and even of many women today who "over and over...(have) heard in voices of tradition and of Freudian sophistication that they could desire no greater destiny than to glory in their own femininity" (Friedan, 461).... [tags: Plath Bell Jar Essays]
1436 words (4.1 pages)
- In the Middle Ages, the roles of women became less restricted and confined and women became more opinionated and vocal. Sir Gawain and The Green Knight presents Lady Bertilak, the wife of Sir Bertilak, as a woman who seems to possess some supernatural powers who seduces Sir Gawain, and Geoffrey Chaucer’s The Wife of Bath Prologue and Tale, present women who are determined to have power and gain sovereignty over the men in their lives. The female characters are very openly sensual and honest about their wants and desires.... [tags: Role of Women in Middle Ages]
1648 words (4.7 pages)
- The idea of enlightenment and the feeling of liberation seem unattainable most of the time. However, once you discover a gateway, such as literature or meditation, it becomes easier to reach your goals of becoming open-minded. Azar Nafisi’s “Selection from Reading Lolita in Tehran” describes the struggles she and her students face and how they use literature to escape from their atrocious life. Similarly, “Wisdom” by Robert Thurman explores the idea of reaching a nirvana-like state where people become aware of their surroundings and the nature of themselves.... [tags: Reading Lolita in Tehran, Azar Nafisi, Lolita]
1601 words (4.6 pages)
- The Women's Movement Works Cited Missing The women’s movement began in the nineteenth century when groups of women began to speak out against the feeling of separation, inequality, and limits that seemed to be placed on women because of their sex (Debois 18). By combining two aspects of the past, ante-bellum reform politics and the anti-slavery movement, women were able to gain knowledge of leadership on how to deal with the Women’s Right Movement and with this knowledge led the way to transform women’s social standing (Dubois 23).... [tags: United States History Women Essays]
1457 words (4.2 pages)
- The Liberation of Katharina in Taming of the Shrew In Shakespeare’s Taming of the Shrew, Katharina is presented ambiguously with much debate asking whether or not her character is tamed, liberated or whether or not in reality she was a good enough manipulator to make it appear that she becomes tame when in essence her character remains the same. Within this essay I shall be concentrating on the aforementioned as well as discussing a television adaptation of Taming of the Shrew that presents Katharina not as the expected shrew, but as Petruchio’s tamer.... [tags: Taming of the Shrew Essays]
2217 words (6.3 pages)
- Today, people think that women were liberated in the west and that the women's liberation movement began in the 20th Century. Actually, Islam preceded all the existing systems in introducing women's rights more than fourteen centuries ago. The women's liberation movement was revealed by God to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) in the seventh century. A whole package of new rights was given at once to women by their creator without their having to strive to get them. The Qur'an and the Traditions of the Prophet (Hadith and Sunnah) guarantee every Muslim woman certain rights and duties.... [tags: Islam Muslim Feminism ]
1553 words (4.4 pages)