Since Darwin first proposed the theory of evolution with the publication of The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, in 1859, the debate between creationists and evolutionists has been vehement. Both creationists and evolutionists believe the evidence supports their theory and denies the other. Scientific creationists see evolution as a completely unscientific theory supported by insufficient evidence. They believe that much of the evidence used to support evolution actually supports creation. On the other hand, through studies of comparative embryology, the fossil record, and comparative anatomy, evolutionists have found evidence that both directly and indirectly support the theory of evolution.
A biological textbook states that evolution is "the origin of organisms by descent and modification from previously existing forms of life" (Arms and Camp 325). Therefore, evolution is the process that forms all life on Earth. Each species found on Earth today is a modified descendent of a previous species of organisms. Evolution's most significant mechanism is natural selection. The theory of evolution by means of natural selection is based on three observations: individuals in a species differ, some of these differences are inherited, and more organisms are born than survive long enough to reproduce (Arms and Camp 341). By these observations, scientists have concluded that certain characteristics of organisms are hereditary. Some of these traits are better suited to an organism's environment than are others; therefore, organisms with traits better suited to their environment will have a greater chance of survival and reproduction. Because these organisms are able to reproduce, their traits a...
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...tems. While an evolutionist believes science holds the answers to life's great mysteries, a creationist believes that God is infallible and His word-written in the Bible-is the ultimate truth. Because of their differing beliefs, evolutionists and creationists will never agree on the true origin of life.
Arms, Karen, and Pamela S. Camp. Biology. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: CBS College Publishing, 1987.
Elliot, Alfred M. Zoology. 3rd ed. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, Inc., 1957.
Ham, Ken. The Lie: Evolution. El Cajon: Creation-Life Publishers, 1988.
Institute for Creation Research. Scientific Creationism. El Cajon: Creation-Life Publishers, 1987.
Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania. Life-How did it get Here? By evolution or by creation? Brooklyn: Watchtower Bible and Tract Society of New York, Inc., 1985.
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