Today the petroleum companies have progressed so much that they are able to drill offshore. The reason that we drill offshore is because approximately one third of the world's oil resides in offshore fields. (Lynch, 213) There are many ways to drill oil from the ocean floor.
The most common way is to construct a steel drilling platform on the ocean floor. Other ways are, first a jack-up rig which is used in waters of up to 200 feet. The rig rests on a floating platform attached to steel legs that can be jacked up or down. It is moved by workers lowering the platform into the water and jacking up the legs off the ocean floor. Gener...
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...ural gas is very expensive. The main positive aspect is that, when burned, natural gas gives off lower emissions to our environment oil. In the future, due to its great abundance, I am sure that offshore drilling will remain viable to our society for many years to come.
Burger, Joanna.Before and After an Oil Spill.New Jersey:
Rutger University Press, 1994.
Cairns, John Jr., and Arthur L.Buikema, JrRestoration of
Habitats Imported By Oil Spills.Boston:Butterworth Publishers, 1984.
Laudon, Robert C. "Petroleum." Gas and ELectric 8 July
Lynch, Michael C. "Fundamentals of the Petroleum Industry."Oil and
Gas Journal 6 August 1990: 207-215.
Steinhauer, William G. "California Study Compares Natural Drilling
Discharge Contaminants Offshore."Oil and Gas Journal 6 August 74-92.
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