North and South and Hard Times Essay

North and South and Hard Times Essay

Length: 3011 words (8.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

North and South and Hard Times

  In  "Industrial" H Sussman states that "one of the most significant shifts created  by industrialism" was that of the "separation of the workplace from the home".  This "shift" created "new gender roles" with the "husband as breadwinner [and  the] wife as childcare giver" and led ultimately to the "19th century  ideology of the two separate spheres -  the masculine public sphere of work [and]  the private female sphere of domesticity". Is, however, this "shift" one which  Elizabeth Gaskell in North and South and Charles Dickens in Hard Times not only reflect but one which they endorse?


If the public  sphere is masculine then the opening chapters of HardTimes immediately confronts us with this masculinity in the form of Gradgrind. The  opening line of the novel, "Now what I want is facts", is assertive and  authorative, the masculine manifestation of public speech. The demand for facts  can be articulated by Gradgrind and responded to in the appropriate terms  by Bitzer, who too, is part of this masculine world, and who can therefore  clinically define a horse. Sissy Jupe however, in the face of such assertiveness  is unable to react in any terms other than being inarticulate and "alarmed".  Dickens however does not share Gradgrind's demands for the masculine "fact".  In writing Hard Times Dickens drew heavily from the criticism of  industrial society in Thomas Carlyle's essay "Signs of the Times". In this essay  Carlyle condemned a society where: "Not only the external and physical alone is... managed by machinery, but the internal and spiritual also". This is the idea  that the competitive, masculine, business sphere has permeated into the private  sphere,...

... middle of paper ...

...ard times but reflections of deeply  divided ones.




North and  South, Elizabeth  Gaskell, Penguin Classics (1995).


Hard  Times, Charles Dickens,  Oxford World Classics (1998).


"Signs of the  Times", Thomas Carlyle, Thomas Carlyle: Selected Writings , Penguin  Classics (1971)


"Industrial",  H Sussman in A Companion to Victorian Literature and Culture, ed. Herbet  F. Tucker (1999).


"The  Industrial Novels", Raymond Williams in Culture and Society (1958).


"What must  not be said: North and South and the problem of women's work", Catherine  Barnes Stevenson.


"The Domestic  Sphere in the Victorian Age", Bonnie G. Smith in Changing Lives.


Charles  Dickens: The Critical Heritage ed. Phillip Collins.


Elizabeth  Gaskell: The Critical Heritage ed. Angus Fasson.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Effects Of Mixed Race On North Korea Essay

- Imagine having to worry about expressing your own ideas freely and struggling to provide your family with food. In North Korea massive amounts of people are dying while military and government officials refuse to provide for them, but instead chose to kill. A breakdown of information including the people targeted, the punishment of these people, and how genocide can be eliminated will help to better understand this serious problem. The people targeted include most common citizens and even women and children....   [tags: North Korea, South Korea, Prison, Korea]

Powerful Essays
1665 words (4.8 pages)

Slavery And The North And South America Essay

- Introduction Slavery in the eighteenth century grew due to increased labor force that was needed in the plantations with increased knowledge of farming and industrialization in the plantations. After the colonization of North America by the Europeans, large tracts of land were available for farming and plantations. A number of white plantation owners brought in slaves to work since they were cheaper to use in providing labor. As a result, other plantations owners saw the advantage of using slaves as laborers (Litwack, 2009)....   [tags: Slavery, Caribbean, Slavery in the United States]

Powerful Essays
936 words (2.7 pages)

How Raw And Graphic Life Can Be Throughout North Korea Essay

- I find Demick’s narratives in the book were very compelling, keeping you intrigued yet horrified about how raw and graphic life can be in North Korea. Every story presented makes your blood boil when you hear such horrible circumstances the characters had to go through in North Korea during the years of mass starvation and economic collapse. Even though North Korea is known for being a very secretive country the author found a way to have coherent and fluid narrative with almost connecting each story to its history....   [tags: North Korea, South Korea, Kim Il-sung, Korean War]

Powerful Essays
1059 words (3 pages)

War Between North and South Korea Essay

- Since the Korean War ended with an armistice in 1953, there have been multiple disputes between North and South Korea. North Korea’s extensive missile and nuclear weapons programs along with their further nuclear ambitions block a peaceful unification of these two countries. North Korea often threatens to attack South Korea at the slightest provocation. The ongoing conflict between these two nations has escalated in recent decades. Even though North Korea has threatened war several times, this self-proclaimed defensive country explains their decision to develop nuclear weapons by claiming they need to defend themselves....   [tags: nuclear weapons, Korean War]

Powerful Essays
1121 words (3.2 pages)

Essay on Review Of ' A Hard Rain Fell '

- Justin Bates His 105 Prof. Thompson 6 October 2014 Review of A Hard Rain Fell: a G. I. ’s True Story of The War in Vietnam In A Hard Rain Fell: a G. I. ‘s True Story of The War in Vietnam, John Ketwig tells a visceral account of a young man’s odyssey from the country roads of upstate New York to the jungles of Vietnam. It is a contrast of cultural upheavals and the harsh realities of war, from rock and roll philosophy and Beatlemania to the sight of seeing a child being burned by a napalm bomb....   [tags: Vietnam War, South Vietnam, Vietnam, North Vietnam]

Powerful Essays
1282 words (3.7 pages)

The Analysis of Security Sector Reforms in North and South Korea Essay

- Security Sector Reform (SSR) is a concept that first emerged in the nineteen-nineties in Eastern Europe. Though there is no single globally accepted definition, SSR generally refers to a process to reform or rebuild a state's security sector. Basically the security is needed because countries in transitional position, post-conflict situations, and sometimes developed countries need protection from dictators, radicals, and dangerous criminals that would take advantage of the country. Established countries such as America, England, and France do not have to worry about needing extra security help as much as countries like Liberia, Turkey, Nigeria etcetera....   [tags: Politics, Security, Reform]

Powerful Essays
901 words (2.6 pages)

Essay on The Cultural Differences Between South Korea And Morocco

- One East Asian country and North African country are compared using Hofstede’s six dimensions of cultures to find similar results in four of six behaviors but an extreme difference in how each society keeps a link with the past while maintaining the present and future. The cultural difference between South Korea and Morocco are most obvious in the dimension of Long Term Orientation, and each approach business in the most opposite way. Analyzing the comparison of these two countries gives a further look into their particular culture and the impact it has on business choices....   [tags: South Korea, Korea, Korean language, East Asia]

Powerful Essays
1125 words (3.2 pages)

Essay on American Colonial Life: North Vs. South

- North vs. South The northern colonies badly needed the services their isolation denied them. The people needed doctors and surgeons and carpenters and blacksmiths. And although they could survive without many of the manufactured goods available only at high prices, they dreamed of owning these things. They dreamed also of luxury items-perfume, spices, silk cloth. It became obvious very early in the colonial experience that Spain would not make goods available to the northern colonies. It was, therefore, natural that the colonists should welcome foreigners who might provide them with the things they wanted....   [tags: American History]

Free Essays
985 words (2.8 pages)

The Era Leading up to the American Civil War Essay

- During the era leading up to the American Civil War, America was at a state where the North and South where at each other’s throats. Arguments and problems between the North and the South were a daily occurrence, and were mainly due to the controversial topic of slavery. Slavery played an important factor in developing and maintaining the economies of both the North and South. Yet, both these regions were defined by various qualities due to the groups of people who were settled in these regions....   [tags: north, south, slavery]

Powerful Essays
1121 words (3.2 pages)

The Slavery Of The South Essays

- Southern delegates or so they thought was the economic issues that would be created within the infrastructure of America through the elimination of institution of slavery in the South. Those living in the South depended on the slaves for work labor and the idea of taking abolishing this work force was going to cause problems for them. James Jackson a delegate from Georgia was a strong advocate for keeping by slave trade and slavery a part of the everyday life in the South. He felt that having slaves was what enabled the South to move at the pace it was going and grow as it had been for so many hears....   [tags: Slavery in the United States, American Civil War]

Powerful Essays
1774 words (5.1 pages)