The term the "glass ceiling" first came into use in 1986 when two Wall Street Journal reporters coined the phrase to describe the invisible barrier that blocks women from the top jobs in corporate America. (Glass Ceiling Commission,"Successful Initiatives "). Since then the metaphor has also been applied to the barriers of minorities. The Glass Ceiling Effect has been around for approximately 50 years. In my opinion it is on its way out the door. Corporate Officers and Senior Management are noticing the merits of women and minorities and doing something about it.
The glass ceiling, in its simplest form, is the theory that women and minorities do not advance into senior management or executive positions within corporate America. (Although recent trends have shown that select women and minorities have advanced into senior management.) It is a barrier that has been in place since women started redefining their roles in the family since World War II when their husbands were forced to leave the home and go fight in the war. At this time the wife went to work while the husband was at war to support the family. At the end of the war this new trend did not cease. Women received this era as a time of choice. Although the majority of women, at this time, chose not to continue working when the war ended, a percentage remained in the workforce. This change in the culture and structure was not accepted on a positive note. Women and minorities faced multiple barriers to promotions.
Up until 1964 there were no laws in place prohibiting or penalizing discrimination in the workplace. Then came along the Civil Rights Act of 1964. More specific in the Civil Rights Ac...
... middle of paper ...
...f the Nation's Human Capital. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Labor, 1995.
Glass Ceiling Commission. Successful Initiatives for Breaking the Glass Ceiling. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Labor, 1993.
Glass Ceiling Commission. The Impact of Corporate Restructuring and Downsizing on the Managerial Careers of Minorities and Women. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Labor, 1994.
Glass Ceiling Commission. Use of Enforcement Techniques in Eliminating Glass Ceiling Barriers. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Labor, 1994.
The Reader's Digest Association, Inc., Know Your Rights and How to Make them Work
for You. 4th ed. New York: Reader's Digest, 1997.
Valente, Marcela. "LABOR-ARGENTINA: FEMALE EXECUTIVES SOUGHT AFTER BY BIG BUSINESS." 28 July 1999. Newsletter, Interpress Service. Argentina: Global Information Network, 1999.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- In America many groups have fought hard to gain equality in treatment, rights, and everyday living standards. Women are included amongst these groups. At one point in history women were not allowed to vote or carry the same positions as men in work. Due to amendments and affirmative action these hindrances for women have been abolished. What still remains to day is the inner struggle within jobs also known as glass ceilings. Glass ceilings are daily obstacles for most women in their jobs every day.... [tags: Glass Ceiling, women, career]
1104 words (3.2 pages)
- Breaking the ceiling Glass Glass ceiling is an invisible barrier limiting women from progressing to the top of the corporate ladder. In the article, Women in leadership: persistent problem or progress”. Kochanowski argues that there is multiple reason for the “glass ceiling” barrier. She argues that women face gender based stereotypes. Women receive the argument that they all have family responsibilities. Women’s traditional roles hinder their ability to succeed In. Although research suggests that “women who are highly career focused found little evidence in work and family interference between men and women”.... [tags: Leadership, Management, Employment, Ceiling]
878 words (2.5 pages)
- Diversity is not something one may think about in daily life, or even on a regular basis; however, it affects us each and every day, and in more ways than we would like to believe. The term diversity may be used to describe something positive, such as the diversity of a school’s athletics participants has helped reduce gang violence by facilitating cross-cultural friendships. It may also carry a negative connotation, as in a workplace’s lack of diversity has cultivated an environment of racism and sexism that affects company productivity.... [tags: Diversity]
1389 words (4 pages)
- In today’s society, it appears that women have come a long way in fighting for their rights and for equality but, many women are still facing discrimination in a subtler way. Women are facing what is termed the glass ceiling. The glass ceiling refers to women who are qualified and capable of leading and can see the top positions where they could be leading but are blocked from getting there by stereotypes surrounding women by men and society. This very issue was the topic for my senior thesis paper.... [tags: Writing, Paper, Rhetoric, Writing system]
1482 words (4.2 pages)
- From the time women started working, they have been facing the challenge of breaking the glass ceiling in order to climb to the top of the corporate hierarchy. Although the glass ceiling is not as prominent as it was in the past, it is still very real, and it affects not only women but other minorities. Whether it is the ceiling, wall, elevator, or cage, the glass prevents women from advancing in their careers. It has existed from the beginning, and even with the help of equality laws, it still poses a problem today.... [tags: discrimination, equality, women's rights]
1948 words (5.6 pages)
- The glass ceiling refers to those artificial barriers based on attitudinal or organizational biases that prevent women from reaching the top-level positions that are most often held solely by men. However, there is new evidence that suggest that the glass ceiling is more complicated than the metaphorical “glass ceiling” implies. For example, the glass ceiling implies the existence of an impenetrable barrier to the top leadership positions. Today, one can clearly see that this barrier is no longer impenetrable.... [tags: Gender Roles, Barriers]
1629 words (4.7 pages)
- The Glass Ceiling: Fact or Illusion The glass ceiling is it a fact or an illusion. The two words “Glass Ceiling” are used to describe the barrier that exists for women and minorities-when it comes to getting promoted into the upper echelons of a company. Does the ceiling exist or is it a figment of the imagination. The writer intentions are to present a picture of that ceiling, and show how it plays a part in corporate America. That in fact the ceiling is an injustice being done to women and minorities, and it does exist.... [tags: Business Discrimination]
1232 words (3.5 pages)
- The Glass Ceiling Abstract Most women and minorities will never be able to shatter the glass ceiling because corporate America is male dominated. Some women have made progress; however, few have made it to the top of the corporate ladder. If glass ceilings existed, they would allow people to see through to the world above them. Because glass is clear, those existing under such a ceiling might not, at first, even notice that a barrier was in a place that separated them from higher levels. Yet if they tried to pass through, they would quickly learn that the ceiling prevented any such rise (Hughes, 2002).... [tags: Females Minority Work Pay Salary]
1169 words (3.3 pages)
- “You’ve Come a Short Way, Baby!” Professor Diana Bilimoria hit it on the nail when she proclaimed, “Even when women do all the right things, and have all the right stuff, they continue to be blocked from the innermost circles of power” (Daily). The increasing number of working women with an education and experience in the business world continue to encounter this blockade mentioned by Professor Bilimoria. Suzanne M. Crampton and Jitendra M. Mishra find that the promotions to managerial positions achieved by women have, unfortunately, not kept up with the increase of women in the work force.... [tags: essays research papers fc]
1349 words (3.9 pages)
- THE GLASS CEILING by Reading an article about the “Glass ceiling” triggered my curiosity, and I began to think how this could affect my daughter and her goals and aspirations. According to the Department of Labor, females account for 43.99% of the workforce as of May 2001, but only a small fraction of women have succeeded in attaining senior level positions. This fact makes it difficult to discount the allegations of inequality between men and women in the workplace, and proves that the effects of the glass ceiling are still prevalent.... [tags: essays research papers fc]
916 words (2.6 pages)