Segregation and discrimination due to race was made completely illegal
by 1970. 1954 saw the end to legal segregation in schools; in 1955 it
was made illegal to practise segregation on busses. The Civil Rights
Act was passed in 1957, which outlawed racial discrimination in
employment, restaurants, hotels, amusement arcades, and any facilities
receiving government money. In 1965 the Voting Rights Act was imposed
to prohibit any discrimination with respect to voting and in 1967 the
Supreme Court ruled that laws forbidding inter – racial marriage would
be made illegal under the constitution. In 1968 the Civil Rights Act
was amended to include that discrimination with regards to housing
would also be unlawful.
There are many reasons why these laws were passed to end segregation,
and in this essay I will explore these reasons and see how TV relates
to it all.
I believe that one of the main reasons these laws were passed was due
to pressure groups such as the National Association for the
Advancement of Coloured People and the Nation of Islam.
The opinions of the NAACP were voiced through Dr Martin Luthur King.
He advocated peaceful, non – violent protest; such as speeches,
marches and boycotts. Two examples of these were the “I have a Dream”
speech and the bus boycott. The bus boycott in particular was so
successful that as well as alerting people to the cause, after a year
the bus company found it so damaging that they decided to abolish
segregation on the busses. They spearheaded many protests such as this
that lead to changes in public opinion as well as to the law. Perhaps
the reluctance to give...
... middle of paper ...
...to see and
understand. Propaganda and other biased material could also be
broadcast to change viewers’ opinions and to sway public sympathy. One
such piece of propaganda was Martin Luthur King’s “I have a dream”
speech. It reached more than 300,000 civil rights organisations and
was also aired around the world. TV had the ability to inform people
of the current affairs as the events un-folded, and gave them enough
information to make up their own minds either way. People from around
the world saw what was going on in America and even joined in with
protests to make changes to the laws. It may not have been the main
reason that segregation was ended but TV made it come about quicker.
The protests may have gone on for months, even years longer, without
television to spread the messages of the oppressed black communities.
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