In this essay, first the Five Factor Model (FFM) will be described.
Secondly, psychologists for and against the model will be looked at.
Following this, the stability of traits will be looked at, both
longitudinal and cross situational. Finally, the application of the
model within and outside psychology will be evaluated to show support
that the FFM provides a solid foundation for an adequate personality
“The Five Factor Model provides a compelling framework for building
personality measures that seek to represent the domain of individual
terms broadly and systematically” (Briggs, 1989 as cited in McAdams.
DP, 1992, p. 332). The FFM consists of five factors (The ‘Big Five’).
They are Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, and
Neuroticism. When measured individuals can range from extremes on each
of these traits. The FFM suggests that these factors are both fixed
and stable and make up our personality. The FFM was designed to
establish the basic units of personality by having everyday people
rate themselves or others using words sampled from the dictionary
(John, Angleitner, and Ostendorf, 1988 as cited in Pervin. AL,
Cervone, D, Oliver. PJ, 2004). Many studies like this have been
conducted and after factor analysing the ratings the five factors
mentioned above were consistently found. Psychologist Lewis R.
Goldberg reviewed the model and came up with the theory that the five
factors are terms that over a long period of time, the human race has
collectively narrowed down and use universally to describe an
individuals personality. It gives individuals a sense of...
... middle of paper ...
...to psychology and
outside of psychology is also a convincing argument for the support of
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EYSENCK. H.J. (1981). A Model for Personality. New York:
MCADAMS. D.P. (1992). The Five Factor Model in Personality: a Critical
Appraisal: Journal of personality. USA: Duke University P.
PERVIN. A.L. & CERVONE. D. & OLIVER. P.J. (2004). Personality: Theory
and Research. USA: Wiley.
SMITH. T. W. and WILLIAMS. P.G. (1992). Personality and Health:
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Torres HR Ltd. (2004) retrieved November 8, 2005 from
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