This report will explore and focus on the recent overhaul and complete
reform of the face of research ethics in the UK (United Kingdom).
Researchers and research ethic committees have been waiting for these
changes for a considerable amount of time but will they increase
quality of research or the quantity of it. This report also will try
to examine whether the new changed aid in the safety and dignity of
participants or hinder these in favour of interesting research
History of UK’s Research Ethics
The first signs of a “centralised” research governance system of
ethics occurred in 1991. These were however set up as local branches
known as LREC (Local Research Ethics Committees) and were involved in
the regulation of research in their respective local NHS
establishments.1, They are funded by local health authorities and
made up by twelve members consisting of medical professionals to lay
persons. There seemed to be no standardising of directives between
each LREC and hence led to inconsistencies in approving research
proposals, especially multicentre trials.
This led to an uprising in researches complaining about the procedures
in place which inevitably led to calls for a reform. The main concern
was that for a multicentre approval the application was time consuming
and was surrounding with “red tape” and bureaucracy which hindered the
advance of research itself.,, This called for one regulatory
body in the UK to have the final approval, if granted this meant that
the approved research protocol could...
... middle of paper ...
...rers Association, 1996.
 Directive 2001/20/EC of the European Parliament and of the
Council of 2001 April 4. Article 7. On the approximation of the laws,
regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States
relating to the implementation of good clinical practice in the
conduct of clinical trials on medicinal products for human use.
Official Journal of the European Communities 2001; L121:34–41.
 Ayres I, Braithwaite J. Responsive regulation: transcending the
deregulation debate. Oxford: OUP, 1992.
 Ashcroft R, Pfeffer N. Ethics behind closed doors: do research
ethics committees need secrecy? British Medical Journal 2001; 322:
 Barber SG. Ethical ethics committees? Journal of Medical Ethics
(Guidance for BMedSci Students, Tutors and Examiners Booklet 2005; 5)
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- According to the information from Sheri Fink’s New York Times article, in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, the Memorial Medical Center was running low on resources with care administered by exhausted doctors and nurses. In the sustained process of waiting for help and evacuations, Anna Pou, Ewing Cook, and the other doctors at the Memorial Medical Center made the controversial decision to inject several patients with drugs, which, at extraordinary high doses, are known to lead to death. In this situation, the patients who were in question were those who doctors designated as very ill and had the lowest chance for survival.... [tags: Euthanasia, Medical ethics, Death]
1619 words (4.6 pages)
- The ethical roles of the government as it pertains to the rights of medical practice are a slippery slope. One may argue “How can the government make decisions based solely upon the best interest of itself”. With this being focused mostly in regards to it’s stances on abortion and the rights of doctors to make ethical and moral decisions on whether or not they want to practice abortions in their clinic. While bearing in mind ethical values relating to medical practices, the role of conscience is extremely substantial.... [tags: Medical Ethics]
1564 words (4.5 pages)
- The process by which society detects and interprets information from the external world in a utilitarian theory claims: one should always do the greatest good for the greatest number of people. When one has the motivation to reach goals for the benefit of one’s self it is known as ethical egoism. In this paper we shall consider a brief history of cannabis, the parallels of legalizing medical marijuana and prohibition of alcohol in the 1920’s with regard to ethical egoism and utilitarian theories.... [tags: medicine, medical drugs]
1918 words (5.5 pages)
- I will be using a situation that happened to me, as a patient, for my ethical dilemma example. The dilemma regarding this paper is diagnosis based solely upon stereotyping. I will then remove myself as the patient and take the role of either nurse and/or radiological technologist under a physician. I will then go through the process of resolving the ethical dilemma. I will define a problem, develop alternative solutions and select the best solution. I will also defend my solution by using The ARRT Code of Ethics.... [tags: Ethics, Health care, Physician, Homosexuality]
1016 words (2.9 pages)
- The purpose f this paper is to answer the following question- where does patient autonomy leave off and professional expertise begin in the practice of medicine. Also, a brief personal analysis about the differences between doctors encouraging patients to question their judgment and doctors who believe that such deference is “pandering.” There are many ethical dilemmas in the medical field, especially when it is related to patient’s autonomy; an example to this is euthanasia. Many patients prefer to go over this procedure before continuing suffering from a terminal illness.... [tags: Physician, Medicine, Patient, Hospital]
723 words (2.1 pages)
- Advancements in medical technology are made every day. Diseases are being cured, and better treatments are becoming available for the diseases that are not. As a result, people are living longer, and some medical problems that once killed, now do not. Almost anyone would agree that living longer would be great, but for patients’ suffering from dementia, Alzheimer’s, or any other debilitating disease, a longer life is just more time to suffer. Prolonged life has become a topic of ethical debate, and there are many things to be considered when discussing it.... [tags: diseases, treatment, life-extending technology]
1220 words (3.5 pages)
- Futility of Care: An Increasing Legal, Ethical, and Moral Dilemma A divergent set of issues and opinions involving medical care for the very seriously ill patient have dogged the bioethics community for decades. While sophisticated medical technology has allowed people to live longer, it has also caused protracted death, most often to the severe detriment of individuals and their families. Ira Byock, director of palliative medicine at Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, believes too many Americans are “dying badly.” In discussing this issue, he stated, “Families cannot imagine there could be anything worse than their loved one dying, but in fact, there are things worse.” “It’s having someone... [tags: Futility of Care, Medical World]
1919 words (5.5 pages)
- “It was a normal Saturday morning in 2012. My running group at the time had their regularly scheduled long run … like every Saturday. I was training for the Marine Corps Marathon, but there were many runners training for a variety of fall races. With less than 2 miles left in the run, a woman in a different pace group collapsed. She stopped breathing. Thankfully, an emergency medical technician (EMT) happened to be driving by and was able to administer CPR and get her to the hospital quickly. But what if that EMT hadn’t been driving by.... [tags: emergency medical preparedness]
1644 words (4.7 pages)
- Concern for risks involved in the research and the participants involved in the study is a duty of the researcher (Lindorff, 2010). Topics that an ethical researcher should consider are “justice, beneficence and respect for persons” (Lindorff, 2010, p. 53). Justice refers to fairness in selection of participants and the time required by participants. Justice relates to protecting participants but also benefiting the public, not just certain entities. There are concerns regarding non-medical research and the benefactors from the results obtained.... [tags: Ethical Research]
2831 words (8.1 pages)
- The Family Medical Leave Act (FMLA) was eight long years in the making. After many bitter debates between the Republicans and Democrats, Congress passed the Act on February 4, 1993. President Clinton signed the measure into law the following day. The Act became effective on August 5, 1993. The Act required employers with fifty or more employees within a seventy-five mile radius to offer eligible employees up to twelve weeks of unpaid leave during a twelve month period for a variety of medical reasons.... [tags: Business Medical Leave]
1777 words (5.1 pages)