The Russian civil war began in 1918, in the former Russian empire; the
war was between the new communist government, the Bolsheviks, and
those who opposed it collectively known as The Whites. Surprisingly,
The Whites were defeated by the Reds in late 1920, but the question is
why were the communists operating such an unpopular regime able to be
victorious and remain in control.
The civil war started due to many factors, but the key was the
collapse of the former Russian empire in 1917/1918. This
disintegration created several territories and after Lenin decreed
that any such territories wanting self-determination were free to
split from Russia, many independent territories were born. This
caused a number of problems, Soviets took control of large areas to
pursue their own policies, Volga Tatars and Bashkis set up republics.
The Russian civil war was fought by many to gain self-government and
by others who wanted to keep a unified Russian empire.
The Bolsheviks harsh control of Russia had made them many enemies, in
the form of political opposition. Many of these opposing groups
organised armed revolts against the communists; however, it was not
just within Russia that the Bolsheviks had opposition. The allies
strongly opposed Bolshevik control of Russia. In early November 1917
the London Morning Post called for military action to be taken against
the communists, a few weeks later Trotsky published ‘Secret Treaties’
which was signed by the Tsar and the allies during the Great War.
These revealed the allies plans to seize territory once Germany was
defeated, in light of these rev...
... middle of paper ...
...d to the whites as propaganda, portraying the western
capitalists as operating through the whites. Foreign intervention had
backfired. Propaganda was a powerful tool in winning the support of
the people; The Communists used propaganda to show the war was one
against evil, evil taking the form of Tsarism, the bourgeoisie and
The Red terror was another key to Red victory, strict controlling and
monitoring upon certain areas kept active opposition low; suspects
were arrested by the cheka. People were afraid to speak out against
the communist regime, potential opposition was kept to a minimum.
In conclusion the forces opposed to communism were unable to overthrow
it due to a lack of organisation. Unlike the Reds with strong leaders,
they were weak and segmented with different aims for fighting the war.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Abstract Hemingway was the only significant influence for Fitzgerald in his writing career. Fitzgerald highly respected Hemingway’s opinion on his work and often preferred his opinion. Though Hemingway was known to dislike Fitzgerald, he owned all of Fitzgerald’s books and wrote letters to him. A quote from Ernest Hemingway in a letter to F. Scott Fitzgerald read “A man can be destroyed but not defeated”. I think that Fitzgerald was an accomplished author that never allowed himself to accomplish more due to his alcoholism.... [tags: F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby]
2857 words (8.2 pages)
- After World War I had ended, American citizens celebrated with joy as they welcomed the American soldiers back home. What Americans did not realize was that the end of World War I was just the beginning of a year of devastation. Upon returning home from the fronts, the soldiers were not only welcomed home by the citizens of America, but also introduced a new threat that led to much desolation throughout the American nation. Following the return of the army, reported cases of the flu had significantly risen.... [tags: plague of flu virus]
1263 words (3.6 pages)
- The Defeat of Germany by November 1918 There was great initial enthusiasm in Germany, Layton suggest that Germany had the best of the four years of fighting. After all Germany still occupied large parts of enemy territory, such as the Ruhr. Yet it was found to accept an armistice on allied terms in 1918 outlined by the treaty of Versailles. This essay intends to examine why this was the case. I feel there are a number of reasons why Germany lost the First World War by November 1918.... [tags: Papers]
737 words (2.1 pages)
- Walking down any given street in the year 1918 between the months of June and December, one would take notice of coffins lining the sidewalks. Nobody was on the streets, and dead bodies were stuffed into every available space. The Flu Epidemic of 1918 not only was the most devastating event of the twentieth century, but propelled the United States to search for a vaccine that has not yet been found, causing concern that the flu will strike again. Influenza has been around almost as long as people have walked the earth.... [tags: essays research papers fc]
1967 words (5.6 pages)
- What would later become one of the deadliest plagues the world had ever seen started innocuously enough in the spring of 1918 spreading through populations on both sides of the Atlantic. Remarkable for its highly infectious nature, the spring strain was relatively non-lethal, rarely killing infected individuals (Kolata, 1999). Thus little more than average attention was paid to the precursor of a virus that would eventually kill between twenty-one and one-hundred million individuals worldwide (Barry, 2004).... [tags: Disease ]
1587 words (4.5 pages)
- Reading through the novel The Old Man and the Sea one, as a reader, can perceive several themes in the book. Hemingway suggests certain subjects for discussion which built up the whole plot, therefore giving us options to choose the one we believe is the main one. In the past weeks we have been discussing, in a debate, which is that main theme. My group’s theme was “Man Defeated” and although it is hard to affirm that this theme was the prevailing one of the book, we firmly defend it. Various arguments were established.... [tags: essays research papers]
2041 words (5.8 pages)
- Espionage Act of 1917 and Sedition Act (Amendment) of 1918 On April 2nd 1917, President Woodrow Wilson of the United States of America, ??went before Congress and called for a declaration of war. Both the House and the Senate voted overwhelmingly in favor of going to war with Germany.?# This was an act that led to much resistance among the American people. Not four months earlier the American people re-elected President Wilson, partly because of his success in keeping the United States out of this European war.... [tags: World War I 1917 History Essays]
1469 words (4.2 pages)
- Children's Songs' Popularity in 1918 A brief review of the historical year of 1918 when people were informed to take precaution against influenza, while their children came up with a catchy tune for the "worst epidemic the United States has ever known"1 and comparing it with the influenza of today. PHILADELPHIA-- I had a little bird, Its name was Enza, I opened the window In 'flu' Enza. What is the truth behind the song mentioned above that children sing so often during those days. Ironic how the soldiers who came home from the war not only brought life, for they came back alive, but also brought what will soon become the death of so many.... [tags: Influenza Songs Essays]
776 words (2.2 pages)
- The 1918 Flu Pandemic Abstract One of the most virulent strains of influenza in history ravaged the world and decimated the populations around the world. Present during World War I, the 1918 strain of pandemic influenza found many opportunities to spread through the war. At the time, science wasn’t advanced enough to study the virus, much less find a cure; medical personnel were helpless when it came to fighting the disease, and so the flu went on to infect millions and kill at a rate 25 times higher than the standard.... [tags: Medicine History Influenza]
1940 words (5.5 pages)
- Love Wasn’t Love is sacrifice of one’s self for the people you care about most in your life. Love is a choice to do what is best for another person. There are times when choosing to love someone comes at a great cost. You have to sacrifice something; time, money, energy, and sometimes the supreme cost will be giving up your own life so that someone else can live. When it really costs you something to carry on in a relationship or to help someone, that is the real test to find out if you truly love that person.... [tags: essays research papers fc]
783 words (2.2 pages)