Exploring the Causes of World War One Essay

Exploring the Causes of World War One Essay

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Exploring the Causes of World War One

The long-term origins to World War One start back in 1870 with the
Franco-Prussian War. In the Franco-Prussian war France lost to Germany
which lead to the two countries never being in an alliance with one
another. Once the war was over it lead to the forming of the triple
Alliance which was one of the main alliances during the first world
war. The Triple alliance was made up of the countries - Germany,
Austo-Hungery and Italy, and it was first formed because Germany
needed help to guard Alsace-Lorrain from France as France wanted to
get back its stolen land.

Another of the long-term origins to World War One was Weltpolitic.
Weltpolitic was a policy Kaiser Wilhelm the second, who believed that
Germany had a right to become a global imperial power and should
develop an army and navy to support its colonial objectives. Kaiser
Wilhelm's personality and his policy of Weltpolitic were seen as
contributing to international tensions. The policy lead Germany to
construct a huge navy which lead to domestic problems as the navy cost
heaps, It also lead into the start of the Boer wars and the Morrocan
Crisis. Many Historians have said, 'Weltpolitic was only a
half-hearted policy' (Paul Schroeder), and that it was only inviting
the other countries to go to war. Fritz Fischer argued that - 'Germany
provoked war and ensured that compromise was impossible in order to
achieve Weltpolitic, to economically dominate central Europe, to
create an colonial empire and to solve its own internal political and
economic problems'. Fischer was an Historian that believed that the
majority of the responsibility for the S...


... middle of paper ...


... they would fight Britain with
every means possible'. Fischer shows here that Germany was intent on a
war so as to try to better their country. Berghahn believed that -
'war was a necessity for German survival', Which is like the thoughts
of Fischer. The other Historians believed along the same lines as
Fischer - That Germany was to Blame with the Thoughts of Weltpolitic,
Militarism, The Schliffen Plan and Germany's imperial aims in creating
the tension in Europe. Other Historians believe that Germany should
not take the full responsibility for there were other countries that
contributed. For example - 'the first World War was the third Balkan
war got out of control', which tells us that Germany didn't have much
to do with the start of World War One as the Balkan wars were only to
do with the countries in the Balkan's.

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