Sterilized from emotion, hate crime, also called bias crime, is those
offenses motivated in part or singularly by personal prejudice against
other because of a diversity-race, sexual orientation, religion,
ethnicity/national origin, or disability. Hate crimes are committed
out of anger, ignorance, and lack of knowledge of another’s ideas and
beliefs. There are many causes for an individual to commit a hate
crime. Also, many different profiles fit the description of a hate
crime offender. There are ways to prevent and control hate crimes,
but they will always be present in society as long as every person has
the right to express his or her opinion.
The term hate crime first appeared in the late 1980’s as a way of
understanding a racial incident in the Howard Beach section of New
York City, in which a black man was killed while attempting to evade a
violent mob of white teenagers, shouting racial epithets. Although
widely used by the federal government of the United States, the media,
and researchers in the field, the term is somewhat misleading because
it suggests incorrectly that hatred is invariably a distinguishing
characteristic of this type of crime. While it is true that many hate
crimes involve intense animosity toward the victim, many others do
not. Conversely, many crimes involving hatred between the offender
and the victim are not ‘hate crimes’ in the sense intended here. For
example an assault that arises out of a dispute between two white,
male co-workers who compete for a promotion might involve intense
hatred, even though it is not based on any racial or religious
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Freeman, Steven, "Hate Crime Laws: Punishment Which Fits the Crime,"
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Hamm, Mark S. Hate Crime: International Perspectives on Causes and
Control (Anderson: Cincinnati, 1994).
Jacobs, James B. and Jessica S. Henry, "The Social Construction of a
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