Exploring Why the Tsar Abdicated after the 1917 Revolution but not after the 1905 Revolution

Exploring Why the Tsar Abdicated after the 1917 Revolution but not after the 1905 Revolution

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Exploring Why the Tsar Abdicated after the 1917 Revolution but not after the 1905 Revolution


Before the 20th century Russia was still very much living in the
medieval age with a Medieval standard of living. Before the mid 19th
century, Russia’s peasants were subjects to a form of slavery and were
known as “Serfs”. This from of slavery was abolished in 1861and
peasants were aloud land for themselves – but at a price. The peasants
did not receive enough land to make a living and were given land in
strips, making it difficult to improve on the current inefficient
harvesting methods. Bad harvests often brought famine and the Russian
population wanted a more modern Russia. As Russia moved into the 20th
century a very high percentage of the Russian population were peasants
who wanted a change from the agricultural ways – into a new
industrialised nation. This was because the current system was too
harsh on the peasants who were not getting enough food or money to
support their families or themselves, with all the money going to
upper class landowners. Another rising problem was the steadily
increasing population, which meant less land for peasant families to
grow food. Because of this Russia had had a spurt of industrial growth
and factories were popping up in all major towns and cities. Many
young men from the peasant villages went off to the cities looking to
work at the new factories; expecting better pay and good working
conditions. However that was not the case as all it did for the
workers was give them equally bad money and a higher risk of getting
injured while working unprotected with dangerous machinery. This was

... middle of paper ...

...tion. To certain extent
he did still control Russia leading up to the war and gained support
by the middle class and peasants after he scrapped redemption
payments. The 1905 revolution was also not planned so it would not
have had as greater impact as in 1917. The army’s loyalty also played
a big part because it was what the Tsar needed for security. In 1917
this was the end of the Tsar, because his main defence the army,
started to join the workers who had risen up into an organised Soviet
that could take him on. He simply had no support from anybody apart
from a few nobles and peasant landowners. It was the end for Tsarism
and the determined leadership of people such as Lenin and Trotsky, who
knew what was best for the people, and knew how to gain their support
(with slogans such as “Peace, bread and land) prevailed.

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