Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the contribution of
functionalist sociology to an understanding of the role of education
A) Explain what is meant by ‘streaming’. (2 marks)
Streaming is when you organise children into different classes in
school depending on their ability.
B) Give two examples of ways in which the school curriculum may
be seen as ethnocentric. (4 marks)
The school curriculum may be seen as ethnocentric as they only teach
main culture/religion subjects and they do not give children a broad
C) Suggest three ways in which schools act as agencies of
socialisation. (6 marks)
Schools act as agencies of socialisation as they teach children
manors, the difference between right and wrong – i.e. deviance, and
they give children the chance to interact with other children and
other members of society.
D) Identify and briefly explain two reasons why females in
general are now achieving better GCSE grades than males. (8 marks)
One reason that I think females are achieving better GCSE grades than
males is that more pressure is being put on females nowadays due to
women being more determined to be treated equally to men in areas such
as jobs. Another reason, is that I think women are becoming more
independent are striving harder to reach their targets and goals.
E) Explain how the hidden curriculum and processes within
schools help to produce inequalities between children of different
social classes. (20 marks)
There are processes within the hidden curriculum which could help to...
... middle of paper ...
socialisation, and that we are judged in terms of achieved status
which is produced though education, and then work. Whereas, he
believes that family is the primary agent of socialisation and we gain
ascribed status i.e. brother, sister, mother, etc. Parsons says that
education is a meritocracy and that everyone has a fair chance,
because if you have the ability and you put in effort, then you will
achieve merit and status to go with it.
Davis and Moore believe that social stratification is a means of
ensuring that the most talented people fill the positions that are
most functionally important for society.
Overall, functionalists believe that education is good for society, as
it prepares us for work in later on. It teaches us how to interact
with people as well as academic knowledge.
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