Essay on The Causes of World War I

Essay on The Causes of World War I

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The Causes of World War I

It has been suggested that naval rivalry was the main cause of World
War One because, this was one of the most significant causes of
tension between some of the most powerful countries in Europe. I
strongly agree that this contributed to World War One but there are
also several other factors that have to be considered such as the
Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the First Moroccan Crisis,
the Second Moroccan Crisis, the Balkan Wars and the Arms Race.

Naval Rivalry

When Kaiser Wilhelm announced that he intended to build a powerful
navy in 1898.Britains natural reaction was to feel very threatened and
intimidated, especially since Britain had been the unchallenged
rulers of the sea ever since the battle of Trafalgar in 1805. Britain
had a vast and powerful navy, which was used to protect its large
empire that was located all over the world. Germany had no real need
for a navy which made Britain extremely suspicious; they suspected
Germany may want control of Britain’s empire. To try and prevent this
from happening Britain launched the new state of the art battleship,
the ‘Dreadnought’ in 1906. In response to this Germany built their own
dreadnoughts and widened the Kiel Canal to enable its navy to enter
the north and Baltic sea. This sparked off a race between Germany and
Britain; build as many ships as quickly as possible, which became
particularly vicious during 1911-1914. In total Britain produced 18
Dreadnoughts which were constructed in Scotland. This whole ordeal
contributed to World War One because it caused great tension between
two of the most powerful countries in Europe.

The...


... middle of paper ...


...build up of tension contributed to the
start of World War One.

The Arms Race

From 1870-1914 the Armies and Navies were greatly expanded. The
standing armies of France and Germany doubled in size between 1870 and
1914. Naval expansion was also extremely competitive, particularly
between Germany and Britain. By 1880, the British had established the
principle that in order to maintain naval superiority in the event of
war they would have to have a navy two and a half times as large as
the second- largest navy. This motivated the British to launch the
Dreadnought, invented by Admiral Sir John Fisher in 1906.International
rivalry caused the arms race to feed on itself. This rivalry between
the countries made them competitive, suspicious and paranoid and built
tension between them with contributed to World War One.

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