A Comparison of Marxist and Functionalist Views on Society Essay

A Comparison of Marxist and Functionalist Views on Society Essay

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A Comparison of Marxist and Functionalist Views on Society


There is a division between functionalists and Marxists over the
functions of the society.

Marxism was founded by Karl Marx. Marx saw society as divided into two
major parts, the economic base otherwise known as the infrastructure
and the super-structure. Functionalists see society as a set of parts
which work together to form a whole. Functionalism is also called a
consensus theory.

Marxism and functionalism are similar in that they see that the way
society is structured as an important part in determining the way
people have relationships and behave between themselves. This is known
as structural perspective. Both functionalists and Marxists believe
that people are portrayed as creature within the social system.

Functionalists believe that society operates to the benefit of
everybody. They stress that societies continue to exist because a lot
of the time there is consensus between various aspects of society.
They believe that family, education, govern...

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