By the late 1970's, resulted from massive immigrants, the communities
within America had become a diverse pool of nationalities,
subcultures, and attitudes (Barlow 1996, p.651). People often
identified themselves as parts of separate groups and at times the
police was not part of what they called "us”. During this time, a
burst of new ideas and changes in the political and economic structure
began to occur that would eventually bring about a new kind of police
In this changing environment, police leaders felt the need to reflect
on these problems and their overall image with the public. In their
attempts to understand what was going wrong, many studies and
experiments were sponsored. One of them, the Kansas Study proved that,
no matter how many police officers are devoted to random patrolling,
there is no effect on the actual crime rate. (Bureau of justice asst.
The government had recognized the problems of crime fighting and the
problems of police and community relations as far back as 1967.
However, it took years later for that idea of a "new kind of police
officer" to develop and this has provided a whole new model for
policing. Its an evolutionary philosophy that attempts to refocus the
essence of policing that tries to do two things: first bring police
officers and citizens together in neighborhoods, second give the
police responsibility for solving problems in the community (Allender
2004). This new policing ideal incorporates into two elements:
community partnership and problem solving. These two elements are the
cores of the policing strategy for the future of large communities
... middle of paper ...
...ot responding to symptom, and involving customer in setting
priorities (Carter 1999, p. 212).
1). Allender D., Community Policing Exploring the Philosophy, Mar
2004, Vol. 73, Issue 3. (Academic Search Premier).
2). Barlow E., Barlow M. 1999, Policing: An international Journal of
Police Strategies & Management, Vol. 22 No. 4, 1999, pp. 646-674. MCB
University Press, 1363-9511x.
3). Bureau of justice assistance Publication: Understanding community
policing " Aug
1994 Chapter 3 Pg 13,15
4). Goldstein H., Improving Policing: A Problem-Oriented Approach,
Crime and Delinquency, pp. 254-274. Copyright 1979 Sage Publication.
5). Sewell J., Controversial Issues in Policing. Community Policing:
A more Efficacious Police Response of Simply Inflated Promises, D.
Carter 1999, pp. 206-221.
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