The Effects of Gender Roles and Gender Identity on Behaviour Essay examples

The Effects of Gender Roles and Gender Identity on Behaviour Essay examples

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The Effects of Gender Roles and Gender Identity on Behaviour

Gender is a psychological term, which refers to our awareness and
reaction to biological sex. It is also a fundamental part of our
learning concept.

Gender is influenced by many things, which include:

Biological Influences

Such as, Genetics, Estrogens and Androgens.

Social Influences

Such as,

Identification theory, which is:

1. Sexual attraction to the opposite sex

2. Anxiety about sexual attraction

3. Identification with same sex parent- adapting there characteristics

Social learning theory, which is:

1. Learning through observation

2. Rewards & punishments received for gender appropriate /
inappropriate behaviour.

And Media stereotyping

Cognitive development theory

This is when gender typing occurs after a child has developed a
concept of gender.


Gender Schema theory

This is when, behaviour and attention are guided by motivation and the
child has understanding of gender consistency and they know that a
person’s sex will always stay the same despite the changing of clothes

There are biological roots to our behaviour, in fact behavioural
genetics has provided us with lots of information regarding the roles
of individual genes in the implementation of behaviour. Even events
before birth can contribute to determining sex behaviour as adults and
in gender identity.

There is an ongoing debate centred on the effects of androgens and
estrogens during a Childs development in ...

... middle of paper ...

...of them on this

“In the theory of gender I began from zero. There is no masculine
power or privilege I did not covet. But slowly, step-by-step,
decade-by-decade, I was forced to acknowledge that even a woman of
abnormal would cannot escape her hormonal identity.

(Paglia, Camille, 1947 American Author Critic Educator)

(Taken from:

Except for their genitals, I don't know what immutable differences
exist between men and women. Perhaps there are some other unchangeable
differences; probably there are a number of irrelevant differences.
But it is clear that until social expectations for men and women are
equal, until we provide equal respect for both sexes, answers to this
question will simply reflect our prejudices.
(Weisstein, Naomi)
(Taken from:

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