The Four Main Approaches to Defining Abnormality Essay

The Four Main Approaches to Defining Abnormality Essay

Length: 1066 words (3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Good Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Four Main Approaches to Defining Abnormality

The statistical approach to defining abnormality analyses data
collected from a population of people, and highlights rare and
un-typical behaviour, which is then labelled abnormal.

For a certain behaviour to be labelled ‘normal’ in a statistical point
of view, it needs to be an average behaviour performed by the
population in question. This is why labelling behaviours from culture
to culture and place-to-place is very hard, as different places have
different standards and morals to which you are expected to abide by.

To statistically define a behaviour as ‘abnormal’, the percentage of
people in a population exhibiting this particular behaviour must be
10% or less.

Evaluating The Statistical Approach.

One criticism of the statistical approach is that it overlooks the
opposite behaviours to abnormal behaviours. E.g. being very unhappy or
severely depressed is seen as being abnormal, but is being very happy
all the time normal? According to the statistical approach, being
happy all the time is seen as the desired and normal behaviour. In
other words, it ignores desired levels of the behaviour, or a median
value in the scale of normality and abnormality.

Due to high levels of some disorders and behaviours in some
populations, things like chicken pox, anxiety and depression are
statistically ‘normal’, but is this right, or just a fault in the
method of the statistical approach?

There are also problems with taking averages of behaviours from whole
populations and then trying to relate them to specific groups (E.g.
ages or genders, or even different countries) because in d...


... middle of paper ...


...ions.

4) Autonomy – how much a person is independent of social influences

5) Perception of reality – distortion in perception of reality?

6) Environmental mastery – success and adaptiveness? Including the
ability to love, work and play.


Evaluating The Deviation From Ideal Mental Health Approach
----------------------------------------------------------

This approach is a positive approach, looking at mentally healthy, not
mentally ill people. Results are bound to culture and the historic
period.

One criticism is that the criteria are hard to define, and the ideals
are only related to our particular culture, and how can we rate a
perception of reality? Finally, an interesting fact shown: if few
people statistically ever achieve ideal mental health, are they the
abnormal ones, or are the rest of us?

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Biological Perspective : Dysfunction / Abnormality Essay

- Biological Perspective According to the biological perspective, dysfunction/abnormality is caused by a few different things. However, most problems are linked to specific dysfunctions in areas within the brain, such as issues with the transmission of messages from neuron to neuron. Biological perspective theorist, study the brain, immune system, nervous system, and genetics looking for problems, which can all. Lead to dysfunction/abnormality when not working properly. The main concepts this perspective uses to explain abnormality- Neurons, which is a never cell and the human brain are made-up billions of them....   [tags: Psychology, Mind, Thought, Brain]

Good Essays
2235 words (6.4 pages)

The Four Main Stages of Business Essay

- ... Finally, stage four, being the creation of a more structured business, which entails the creation of policies and procedures. In the first phase of the creation of the business, the owner will assume all responsibilities of the business. This many include everything from the production of the good or service to the administrative tasks. Following is Microsoft’s example of its early years: “Gates oversaw the business details, but continued to write code as well. In the first five years, he personally reviewed every line of code the company shipped, and often rewrote parts of it as he saw fit.” (Curtis 2014) This shows that even a computer giant started small and had to oversee administra...   [tags: creation, growth and structure, delegations]

Good Essays
590 words (1.7 pages)

Essay on Three Main Approaches in Counseling Psychology

- This essay will choose one of the three main approaches in counselling psychology. And comment on how and why you understand it to be effective. How has this approach developed over time. Who were the main practitioners responsible for creating this approach. The essay will explore What does it offer which is different to the other two main approaches the essay will also Consider aspects such as the therapeutic relationship versus the importance of techniques in bringing about positive change in the client (Relation ship) between Clint the therapist .Therapy Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) was an Austrian physician In 1900 he was both the medical doctor(nurologist) and philosopher, Fraud who was...   [tags: Counseling Psychology]

Good Essays
2507 words (7.2 pages)

Sex Work and the Law: A Critical Analysis of Four Policy Approaches to Adult Prostitution

- Throughout Sex Work and the Law: A Critical Analysis of Four Policy Approaches to Adult Prostitution Frances Shaver discusses the need for change for women working as prostitutes. Shaver explains the ongoing problem surrounding prostitution in Canada and provides four possible ways to resolve the issue in her work. Three well thought out points Shaver writes about are the health benefits as well as personal safety for the women in the sex industry. She also touches base on the decriminalization of prostitution and the impacts it will have on nearby neighborhoods and the residents as well as a few other topics....   [tags: social issues, prostitution]

Good Essays
1505 words (4.3 pages)

Essay on The Four Main Types of Minority Groups

- My experience in Sociology this semester was quite unique to say the least. This was the first Sociology class that I have ever taken and honestly, I wasn’t entirely sure what to expect. From day one I found a deep interest in the thoughts and ideas that are associated within the study of sociology. In this specific class the main concepts that we discussed were race and ethnic relations. The first chapter that we discussed this semester was about the general diversity that takes place in the United States....   [tags: Skin color, language, unequal treatment]

Good Essays
1343 words (3.8 pages)

Essay on The Four Main Schools of Muslim Law

- There are four main schools of law that we discussed over the course of the semester. The first one is called Hanafi. This school is the oldest one and most was most influenced by a man named Abu Hanifah, who believed in personal liberty and the right to equality. Unlike most other legal schools Hanafi’s believe in gender equality and support a woman’s right to make her own decisions. For instance, they believe a woman has a right to make her own financial decisions. As one of the most widely supported groups, Hanafi’s have greatly influenced the establishment of other legal schools....   [tags: Hanafi, Maliki, Hanbali, Zahiri]

Good Essays
1107 words (3.2 pages)

A Comparison of the Main Approaches to Personality Psychology Essay

- A Comparison of the Main Approaches to Personality Psychology Psychology of personality is a difficult concept to define and quantify, therefore most personality theories, however different they may be in other respects, share the basic assumption, that personality is a particular pattern of behaviour and thinking, that prevails across time and situations and differentiates one person from another. Most theories attempting to explain personality represent part of the classic psychological Nature verse Nurture debate....   [tags: Papers Psychological Personality Essays]

Good Essays
2250 words (6.4 pages)

Defining Abnormality Essays

- Defining Abnormality All of the definitions of abnormality that we have studied, have been culturally specific, meaning that, what may possibly be classed as normal in one culture, could be classed as extremely abnormal to another. This problem of cultural relativism limits the definitions accuracy in being able to define abnormality as a whole. It is near impossible to make an absolute statement about what is normal, or abnormal in human behaviour, purely because of cultural factors....   [tags: Papers]

Good Essays
742 words (2.1 pages)

Darwin’s Four Main Principles Essay

- During the time when Charles Darwin was alive (1809-1882) most of the Western culture believed that the world was created by God and only several thousand years old. They believed that our world was always like it was then. So when Darwin wrote The Origin of Species it shook up both the cultural and scientific views of his time. His views that evolution occurs by natural selection was one of the most radial theories during his time, yet today is widely accepted as a fact among most of the world....   [tags: Natural Selection, Evolution Essays]

Good Essays
458 words (1.3 pages)

Defining Abnormality Essay

- Defining Abnormality One way of defining abnormality is in terms of characteristics or behaviours that are statistically infrequent (the deviation from statistical norms definition). However, this does not take into account the desirability of a characteristic or behaviour. The definition also fails to recognise that in all cultures large numbers of people may engage in behaviours that constitute mental disorders....   [tags: Papers]

Good Essays
2199 words (6.3 pages)