The Role of Ideology in the Revolutions of 1848 Essay

The Role of Ideology in the Revolutions of 1848 Essay

Length: 1644 words (4.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Role of Ideology in the Revolutions of 1848

Year 1848 is described as “mad year” – mad with fight for freedom.
Already its first months, in almost all parts of Europe, brought
explosion of aims and aspirations, which were accumulated during the
after-congress period. Revolutionary movements spread throughout the
whole Europe, apart from Russia, where the system of serfdom did not
allow any revolts, and Great Britain, where the reforms were carried
out in non-revolutionary channels. Despite the differences in social,
economic and political structures of European countries, the
revolutions of 1848 were characterised by uniformity, and their
ideology was a common denominator.

There were several factors that caused the revolutions. Some believe
that the main cause of the revolutions of 1848 was bourgeoisie’s fight
against still existing feudalism. it can be partly true, but this
interpretation does not explain all the mechanism of the revolt.

First of all - the years of 1845-47, in which an economic crisis
occurred. It began with the agriculture problems, which were caused by
a poor harvest of potatoes in 1845, followed by crop failure in 1846
and 1847. Agrarian riots occurred in France, there was a “potato
revolution” in Berlin, bread-riots in other German cities. Because
food prices went up, people stopped buying other goods, and therefore
the governments did not have any money to pay off their debts (they
borrowed large sums of money for industrial expansion in 1840’s).
Another problem in the pre-revolutionary period was unemployment among
artisans and workmen – they were loosing battle with modern industry,
due to e.g. new...

... middle of paper ...

...mportantly, the
possibility to choose their representatives. ‘Odilon Barrot, under the
July Monarchy, one of the leaders of the Dynastic Oppositions, writes:
“Never have nobler passions moved the civilised world, never has a
more universal impulse of souls and hearts pervaded Europe from end to

1,2 Sir Lewis Namier – 1848: The revolution of the intellectuals


× Jonatan Sperber - Revolutionary Eutope 1780 – 1850

× Geoffrey Best – War and society in revolutionary Europe 1770 – 1870

× E. J. Hobrbawn – The age of revolution

× Priscilla Robertson – Revolutions of 1848

× Sir Lewis Namier – 1848: The revolution of the intellectuals

× Robert Gildea – Barricades and borders

× Anna Radziwill, Wojciech Roszkowski – Historia. 1789 – 1871

× Tomasz Kizwalter – Historia. 19th century

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Failure of the Italian Revolutions Essay

- The failure of the Italian revolutions cannot be attributed to one reason as there are a plethora of reasons which could be cited as a main cause. The main reasons which could be argued as the most important reasons for the failure of the Italian revolts are the lack of organisation within revolutionary groups, the Austrian army’s strength, the political and military inexperience of those in power, the Pope’s abandonment of the revolution, the hesitation of Charles Albert to front the campaign of unity and Bonaparte’s intervention....   [tags: Italian History]

Strong Essays
777 words (2.2 pages)

The French Revolutionary War of 1848 Essay

- The numerous revolutions and uprisings that took place in Europe at the beginning of the eighteenth century signified the onset of more than a few liberalistic revolutions that shaped this continent’s governance to this date. This revolutionary wave was very significant, as it marked the collapse of traditional authorities and the establishment of more political and democratic forms of government. This year 1848; has been recognized by many as the ‘year of revolution’ because of the great number of political revolutions that took place allover Europe at this time....   [tags: French Revolution of 1848]

Strong Essays
3094 words (8.8 pages)

The European Revolutions of 1848 Essay

- The revolutions of 1848 were widespread and affected about 50 countries in Europe, considering the previously separate lands of Germany and Italy. These revolutions were extremely violent and costly. In terms of lives, tens of thousands were lost during battles with several thousand more being lost in executions. Over 100,000 individuals were jailed or exiled as well. While these individual countries had significant nationalistic grievances, such as anti-Austrian attitudes in Italy, anti-Russian and anti-Turkish opinions in Rumania, anti-Habsburg in Prague and Budapest, German patriotism divided German as did Polish patriotism in Poland; it was the political and economic struggle that were t...   [tags: European History ]

Strong Essays
1145 words (3.3 pages)

The Revolutions of 1848 Essay

- The Revolutions of 1848 The Revolutions of 1848 have been described as the “greatest revolution of the century”1. From its mild beginnings in Palermo, Sicily in January 1848, it did not take long to spread across the rest of Europe (Britain and Russia were the only countries not to experience such revolutions). “In 1848 more states on the European continent were overcome by revolution than ever before and ever since”2. The Revolutions became more radical but after June 1848 these revolutionary events began to overlap with those of counterrevolutionary actions, thus enabling the old regimes to return to power....   [tags: World History Revolution Essays]

Strong Essays
1379 words (3.9 pages)

The Revolutions of 1848 Essay examples

- The revolution of 1848 encompassed many of the European countries. The revolutions sweeping across Europe included Germany, Italy, and France, excluding Russia and England. Many historians refer to the year of 1848 as, “The Year of Revolutions”, because of how the revolts spread throughout Europe. The question is which political groups were the influence behind this revolution and what were the causes of the revolution. The revolution united many diverse groups of people; they were able to put aside their differences to move toward the greater good of the society as a whole....   [tags: European History ]

Strong Essays
1054 words (3 pages)

The Revolutions of 1848 Essay

- The Revolutions of 1848 During the year of 1848, a revolutionary tide broke out in Europe. Revolutions were emerging in different parts of Europe at the same time and quickly spread from France to Italy to Germany, Austria, Hungary and other parts of the continent....   [tags: Papers]

Strong Essays
800 words (2.3 pages)

Effects Of The 1848 Revolution And The Eventual Unification Of Germany Essay

- Analyse the Effects of the 1848 Revolution in Prussia and the Eventual Unification of Germany. The German nation was born in January 1871 at the Palace of Versailles. Many factors have been noted by historians as to what led to the eventual unification of Germany such as; economic and industrial factors and the role of Otto Von Bismarck. A debate that has emerged over German Unification is whether it was united by ‘coal and iron’ or ‘blood and iron’; this looks at whether economic or political factors were the main driving force behind unification....   [tags: Otto von Bismarck, Prussia, German Empire]

Strong Essays
1427 words (4.1 pages)

Essay on Comparisons of the Industrial Revolutions

- This paper intends to compare the first industrial revolution of the 17th and 18th centuries and the second industrial revolution of the mid-18th and 19th centuries. It will highlight the transformation from the first revolution to the second revolution, focusing on the presence of giant firms and role of science and technology in economic activities. Additionally, it will introduce the two worldly philosophers Karl Marx and Adam Smith on these issues. The industrial revolution of 17th and 18th centuries saw the transformation of Britain from a Neolithic nation into an industrious nation....   [tags: first industrial revolutions, second industrial]

Strong Essays
1205 words (3.4 pages)

Essay on The Break Out of the Revolution in Germany in 1848

- The Break Out of the Revolution in Germany in 1848 There were a numerous external and internal factors behind the 1848 revolutions in Germany. Externally, changes in the international climate and political upheaval in Austria provided German nationalists with an avenue of opportunity to cease power. Internally, the growth of German nationalism and liberalism coupled with the acute financial and food crisis of 1847 created an atmosphere fit for revolutionary activity. Between 1815 and 1847, the Great powers reduced the importance of nationalism and liberalism in order to maintain the ideals set about at the Treaty of Vienna of peace, order and stability within the...   [tags: Papers]

Strong Essays
995 words (2.8 pages)

The Revolution of 1848 and Karl Marx's The Communist Manifesto Essay

- The Revolution of 1848 and Karl Marx's The Communist Manifesto There were two major things that happened in Europe in 1848. One of those things was the Revolution of 1848. The other was the publication of the Communist Manifesto, written by Karl Marx. The Revolution of 1848, and the Communist Manifesto tie into each other very well. The Revolution was calling for a change in society, and so was Marx through the writing of his Manifesto. The revolution was a foundation for changes to take place in Europe....   [tags: Karl Marx Revolution History Essays]

Strong Essays
1437 words (4.1 pages)