When Hitler came to power in Germany in 1939, he was not at all
secretive about his plans for Germany. He had four main aims, which
- Abolish the Treaty of Versailles
- Expand German territory
- Defeat communism
- The creation of One Reich
He, like many others, believed the Treaty of Versailles was unjust and
planned to abolish it. He called the German leaders who signed the
Treaty the “November Criminals”. The treat was a constant reminder of
Germany’s defeat in the First World War and their mortification by the
Allies. The first step of getting revenge on the Treaty would be
rearmament. When Hitler came into power thousands of unemployed
workers were drafted into the army. He kept the rearmament secret at
first, yet he soon withdrew from the League and openly staged a
massive rally celebrating Germany’s armed forces in 1935. He managed
to get away with the rearmament, which also boosted the Nazi support.
Hitler planned on reintroducing conscription (which he did in 1936)
and remilitarising the Rhineland. Hitler wanted to get back Germany’s
territory as well as unite with Austria (Anschluss). He wanted German
minorities in other countries, e.g. Czechoslovakia to rejoin Germany,
and provide Lebensraum (living space) for the German people by taking
over land in the east. This would help create One Reich and being back
Germany’s self determination which was taken away from them at the end
of World War 1. Hitler also hated Jews, communists and all other “sub
humans”. He wanted to destroy Bolshevism, as he believed Bolsheviks
helped defeat Germany in the First World War as...
... middle of paper ...
and power to make a difference.
France and Britain had too much trust in Hitler. They let him go too
far and trusted a bit of signed paper (Appeasement). If they had acted
sooner e.g. when Hitler went into the Rhineland, they could have
prevented the war. The USSR was also partly responsible for the war.
Germany might have been scared to act alone without the support of the
USSR. It would have meant they would be fighting on two fronts again.
If the USSR had not supported Germany then but stayed with the allies,
it might have delayed or even stopped Hitler’s attack.
These are all factors that speeded up and made the Second World War
possible. However, we cannot forget that Hitler’s actions were the
main reason the war had occurred and these factors mentioned merely
added onto this not the other way round.
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