The Success of the Media's Manipulation on the Public's Opinion of the War

The Success of the Media's Manipulation on the Public's Opinion of the War

Length: 921 words (2.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Good Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Success of the Media's Manipulation on the Public's Opinion of the War

Source K suggests the media was more influential to the opinion of
ordinary American citizens than the elected politicians of their
country, whom many of the public had voted for and trusted. The source
implies that the reason for this was because the horrific images of
the war made the American public realise that the war was not going
well, contrary to the claims of their government. Television coverage
of the war meant that any American citizen could turn on the
television and see that the war was going badly. This made the public
less likely to believe the pro-war politicians (‘Hawks’) who
proclaimed that the war was going well. The public turned to the media
more and more for information, as the politicians were proven to have
been lying. However, it is difficult to ascertain how much impact the
media’s influence had on public opinion and Source K does not give us
any examples.

In Source A, President Johnson is addressing the nation on television
to try and convince the public that the war was justified. Johnson was
aware of the usefulness of the media in influencing public opinion,
especially the television media. If Americans saw him on television
arguing for the war in Vietnam, public support for the war was likely
to increase. He also knew that a large portion of American citizens
watched television and so were likely to hear his argument for
fighting in Vietnam. These were the main reasons why Johnson chose to
broadcast his speech on television. The source is limited however as
it does not tell us the impact of the television address, so we do not

... middle of paper ...
rifle. The producers must have known that the soldier would be in an
emotional mood at that time and not in the right frame of mind to
answer questions. Due to this, we must question the source’s
reliability and assume that this was not representative of the
soldiers as a whole. The media wanted to show war in this way to shock
the viewers and gain support for its ‘anti-war’ campaign.

The sources do not give a clear answer to the question. Most of the
sources are not completely reliable and only give a partial answer to
the question. We must take into account that many factors other than
the media contributed to the public antipathy towards the war, so
evidence that American citizens were against the war does not
automatically mean that the media were successful in manipulating the
public’s opinion of the war

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

War and the Media Essay

- In times of War, the media plays a crucial role both in reporting, monitoring and giving updates. During the Vietnam War of 1955-1975, the American press played crucial roles of reporting until it ended up shifting its tone under the influence of occurrence of some events like the Tet Offensive, the My Lai Massacre, the bombing of Cambodia and leaking of Pentagon papers resulting into lack of trust in the press (Knightly 1975). From the beginning of the war up to present times there have been undying debates over the role of media in the war....   [tags: Media]

Good Essays
2550 words (7.3 pages)

Essay about Media Influence On The Media

- As McCombs and Shaw explain, a people’s exposure to politics through mass media is diluted, delivered through mediums on a “second or third” hand basis. The politics the media consumer internalizes does not come from the source, but through a middleman, and the public is instructed to observe politics through a particular lens, doing this through agenda setting by the media. This sounds much more sinister than it probably is. Indeed in my judgement the media simply intensify its coverage in areas the public already expresses concern....   [tags: World War II, United States, Mass media, Germany]

Good Essays
1022 words (2.9 pages)

Public Sentiment Regarding the Vietnam War Essay

- Many of the democrats within the legislative branch turned against Johnson’s war. Scholar’s conflict on the reason why Johnson’s own party turned against him, some scholars attribute it to the growing number of antiwar constituents, while other scholars such as E.M. Schreiber, Burstein and Freudenburg cite the numerous deaths of American soldiers in combat. One democrat by the name of Eugene McCarthy labeled the entire Vietnam War as an “error” and describes the Johnson administration as “misguided.” McCarthy decides to run for President, but loses in the primaries by a slim margin to Johnson, further indicating that the antiwar movement was gaining significant momentum....   [tags: War, Opposition, Asia]

Good Essays
1127 words (3.2 pages)

Defining Public Relation by Mariana Pires Essay

- The definition of Public Relations practice can be a difficult task for its professionals, in order to outline their functions and what it is as a whole, without having their work commonly confused with Marketing and even with Advertising. Therefore, as an attempt to simplify its parameters and distinct the activities, this piece of work aims to explain the differences and similarities of these professions. Focusing in particular on an overview of the main definitions of Public Relations, such as its origin and practice....   [tags: Public Relations]

Good Essays
1771 words (5.1 pages)

War and Media Essay

- War and Media Perhaps one of the greatest impacts on the lives of the peoples of Earth is that of our own self-destruction; of wars, death, and decay. It is therefore very reasonable to suppose that at the forefront of these events would be the media, capitalizing on their ability to bring to the people, those less immediately afflicted by war, news and developments concerning the actual war, statistics, and shocking images from inside the various war zones. Though many may think that the purpose of this type of reporting is for the intellectual benefit of the viewers, some have argued that it is instead a sort of real-life “reality television show.” Tom Engelhardt wrote in an a...   [tags: War Television Essays]

Good Essays
1187 words (3.4 pages)

The Just War Theory Essay example

- MEDIA AND WAR The Just War theory has some moral contents, but it is significantly pragmatic in its character and application. Both sides of a war want to claim that their causes are just. They frame the war aims as ‘just’ to achieve support of the public and the international community. Even Generals project the justness of the war which tends the soldiers to fight longer and fiercer against the enemy. Hence, ‘justness’ or ‘rightness’ of a war are important for any military intervention....   [tags: war. media, rightness]

Good Essays
1750 words (5 pages)

The Media's Role in Terrorism Essay

- “If the media were not there to report terrorist acts and to explain their political and social significance...terrorism as such would cease to exist” said John O'Sullivan, an editor of the Times of London.1 This is also the way many other people feel about the recent increase in terrorist activity; they feel that the media is causing it. The media is doing this by fulfilling the terrorists' need for publicity.2 Terrorists need media publicity in order to get their views spread to the public.3 Because of this need for publicity, terrorists are committing their acts of terrorism in areas where a lot of publicity will be gained; the United States and Western Europe are the most recent targets...   [tags: Terrorism and the Media]

Good Essays
2760 words (7.9 pages)

Defining Success in the War on Terrorism Essay

- Defining Success in the War on Terrorism In pursuing its war on terrorism, the Bush administration faces daunting military and diplomatic challenges. But need it also worry about mobilizing public support. With the latest polls showing the public giving the president 90 percent approval ratings and endorsing the use of force at the same level, could the White House possibly hope for any more backing from the American people.   President Bush seems to think so. Every speech he gives appears to be primarily concerned with shoring up public opinion, warning us about the difficulties ahead and purposefully praising Americans for their "patience and resolve." The administration understands...   [tags: September 11 Terrorism Essays]

Good Essays
1548 words (4.4 pages)

Essay on Public Relations

- Public sentiment is everything. With public sentiment, nothing can fail; without it, nothing can succeed. - Abraham Lincoln - "Fundamentally, public relation is relations with publics." (Public Relations Writing, 2000, p.10) The publics can be any group of people that shares a common interest. Through communication in different ways organizations want to establish, develop and maintain a positive relationship with different groups. This is just a basic definition of public relation but in fact it is much more challenging to really define and practice public relations....   [tags: Business PR Public Relations]

Good Essays
1308 words (3.7 pages)

Media Propaganda and Stereotypes Essay

- Our society consists of consumers that buy into stereotypes and the propaganda that is being fed by the government and the media. Stereotypes steer individual's perceptions of a group of people in a certain way, usually negative, and generalize that opinion to all members of the group. Aware of the influence stereotypes have on people's views, governments use stereotypes already imbedded in society as a propaganda tactic to persuade people's thoughts, opinions and beliefs in order to benefit their cause....   [tags: Media Stereotypes Stereotyping]

Good Essays
1639 words (4.7 pages)