The Outbreak of the American Civil War as a Result of a Concerted Campaign of Aggression by the Deep South

The Outbreak of the American Civil War as a Result of a Concerted Campaign of Aggression by the Deep South

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The Outbreak of the American Civil War as a Result of a Concerted Campaign of Aggression by the Deep South

The Origins of the American Civil War lay in the complicated set of
problems of slavery, expansion, sectionalism and politics of the
antebellum era. As territorial expansion forced the United States to
confront the question of whether territories were to be slave or free,
as the power of slaveholders in Congress decreased, and as the North
and the South developed obviously different economies and societies,
the disruptive issues of sectionalism propelled the nation into the
Civil War.

During the period 1860-61, it is clear that the Southern Politicians,
who represent the Southern people, got their opinions of the North
wrong. They thought that slavery was to be gotten rid of and that a
Black Abolitionist plot was going to take over the South. Given that
the Republicans did not have a majority in Congress in 1860; Lincoln
could not do anything to jeopardize slavery right away. Instead he
tried to accommodate the views of the South in his speeches which put
his position in the North at risk. Between his election and the start
of the Civil War, Lincoln acted sensibly and logically. However, this
can not be said for the South. Their desire to maintain slavery, a
sensible one, did not need the creation of an independent Southern
nation, the Confederacy.

Most Southern people did not agree with the vocal Southern
nationalists, like the fire-eaters, who were a minority. However, the
tense atmosphere of 1860-61, caused the South to agree with these
outrageous ideas. Some Southerners saw, however, the extent of their
mistake of sec...


... middle of paper ...


...ise and were not willing to
show the whole picture to the Southern people, when they had control
over the South, such as through the media. Journalists such as the
Rhett family owned and edited their own newspaper, the ‘Charleston
Mercenary’, by having this they were able to decide what went into the
paper, what stayed out and how everything was written. They were able
to mould the South to their way of thinking.

However, Northerners, such as John Brown and his ‘army’ were also to
blame; they caused a substantial amount of damage by being aggressive
towards the South and their views on slavery. Problems with slavery,
particularly slavery expansion, led ultimately to the Civil War. Had
the South acted rationally in 1860, there need not have been a war;
however, it is difficult to see how war could have been prevented.

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