Modernity and Romanticism Essay

Modernity and Romanticism Essay

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Modernity and Romanticism


Question 6: Select one or more thinkers and/or writers associated with
Romanticism and explain how they understand the relationship between
the self and the world.

Selection: Charles Darwin

CHARLES DARWIN

Charles Robert Darwin (1809-1882), British scientist and naturalist,
has undoubtedly made a vast impact on humanity during the Romanticism
period until today. Darwin was the precursory figure perhaps most
responsible for altering humanity’s view of nature and human nature,
over the past two centuries. Darwin best recognized belief, that
species evolved over time by means of natural selection, has been
profoundly influential throughout the modern world. His thoughts, when
publicized in the mid 19th century Romanticism period onwards, were
received with some upheaval by scientists and especially from
religious opponents. The claims by Darwin in his writings ‘The Origin
of Species’ and even more so ‘The Descent of Man’ clashed with the
word of the church over mankinds ‘special creation.’ This debate is
continued by some into the present day and has shaped humankind’s
views on himself and the world for centuries. Darwin’s perception of
the connection between the self and the world is heavy with realist
and naturalist views,???? as we are at the hands of nature and the
world.????

Darwin’s theories of evolution resulted in the mechanism he named
‘Natural selection.’ He discovered as the increase of food
availability can’t match the geometrical rate of population growth,
competition must assure that our numbers remain in balance. Natural
Selection had two branches, stabilizing selection,...


... middle of paper ...


...

Darwin, Charles. On the Origin of Species by means of Natural
Selection, Or the Preservation of Favored Races in the Struggle for
Life. New York: Random House Modern Library, 1993.

Darwin, Charles. The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals.
Third Edition published by Oxford University Press, 1998.

Darwin, Charles. The Origin of Species and The Descent of Man. Random
House Modern Library, New York, 1979

Social Darwinism:Background. Encyclopedia. 10 August 2004


Williams.C, George. Plan and Purpose in Nature. Weidenfeld &
Nicholson, London, 1996.

Writings of Charles Darwin: The Variation of Animals and Plants Under
Domestication. 10 August 2004

http://pages.britishlibrary.net/charles.darwin/texts/variation/variation_fm1.html

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