Essay about The Separation of Power and Its Significance for the Political System

Essay about The Separation of Power and Its Significance for the Political System

Length: 590 words (1.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Separation of Power and Its Significance for the Political System

The principle behind the separation of power is to limit the powers of
government by separating governmental functions into the executive,
legislative and judiciary. The concept has its fullest practical
expression in the US constitution. James Madison, who was later to
become the fourth US President said:

“The accumulation of all powers, legislative, executive and judiciary,
in the same hands, whether of one, a few, or many, and whether
hereditary, self-appointed, or elective, may justly be pronounced the
very definition of tyranny”.

In Madison’s vision, the federal government and state governments, as
well as the legislature, executive and judiciary would be clearly
divided and each would be given a clear motive to check each other.
There are two ways in which power can be separated; horizontally and
vertically. The horizontal separation of powers is where power is
divided between different institutions (the Supreme Court, the Senate
and the White House). The vertical separation of powers is where power
is divided between the central government and the national government.

Political constitutions are incomplete contracts and therefore leave
scope for abuse of power. In democracies, elections are the primary
mechanism for disciplining public officials, but they are not
sufficient. Separation of powers between executive and legislative
bodies also helps to prevent the abuse of power, but only with
appropriate checks and balances. Checks and balances work by creating
a conflict of interests between the executive and the legislature, yet
requiring both bod...

... middle of paper ...

Howard) decision to impose a 15 year tariff on the two boys who killed
two year old James Bulger – Jack Straws intervention was heavily
criticised by the Lord Chief Justice Woolf. The Lord Chancellor
indicated that the Government might occasionally refuse to follow
judges’ rules on cases under the Act – a statement used as evidence
that Mr. Straw might refuse to give us his sentencing power in cases
such as that of Myra Hindley (Straw stated that life should mean life
for Hindley whereas the Lord Chief Justice said that her case had not
been dealt with correctly).

However, UK courts are not directly bound by the judgements of the
European Court of Human Rights. Domestic Courts are only required to
take into account decisions of the European Court of Human rights –
they are NOT bound by the decisions of the ECHR.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about The Separation of Powers Doctrine

- The Separation of Powers Doctrine The Separation of Powers Doctrine can be traced as far back as ancient Greece and essentially the meaning attributed to it is the dividing functions of government between groups with different interests, so that no power in the centre can act without the cooperation of others. However there are many interpretations of the doctrine, one being that of Aristotle, who favoured the division of power according to class interests of the monarchy, aristocracy and democracy....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
1029 words (2.9 pages)

Assess the Significance of the League Nations Essay

- The league of Nations was an entity that had never existed before. It was an intergovernmental organization founded in the fallout of the first World War at the Paris Peace Conference to prevent another war. Northedge states, ‘The formation of an international agency to prevent future wars was enrolled among the war policies of all major states in the conflict.’[ NORTHEDGE, F, S. (1986) The League of Nations its life and times 1920-1946, New York: Holmes and Meier Publishers, Page 2] It was the first global system whose primary goal was to maintain world peace and stems from the ideas of Woodrow Wilson's fourteen points....   [tags: intergovernmental organization, justice]

Better Essays
1833 words (5.2 pages)

The First Ammendment and Dealing with the Separation of Church and State

- The First Ammendment and Dealing with the Separation of Church and State Is it unconstitutional for local, state or federal governments to favor one religion over another. Government can show favoritism toward religion by displaying religious symbols in public places at taxpayer expense, by sponsoring events like Christmas concerts, caroling, by supporting the teaching of religious ideas, or even by supporting the teaching of creationism in public schools. It appears the United States government has had a history of favoring Christianity....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
1739 words (5 pages)

The Constitution of the United States Essay

- If someone asked you what document most significantly affected America, what would your response be. In early 1787, Daniel Shay led a rebellion in Massachusetts in which the response time to put it down caused a meeting for the complete re-evaluation of the efficiency of the Articles of Confederation. The final result of that meeting was not an amendment of the Articles, but an entirely new draft called the Constitution of the United States. Since then, this document has not only been referred to as the “supreme law”, but as the cornerstone and foundation of the United States government....   [tags: Significance, Amendments, Sections]

Better Essays
859 words (2.5 pages)

Essay on The Significance of Politics

- The Significance of Politics. Politic is one of the main components of human system that shape a nation and civilization. According to Oxford Dictionaries, politic is defined as “the activities associated with the governance of a country or other area, especially the debate or conflict among individuals or parties having or hoping to achieve power” and “the activities of governments concerning the political relations between countries”. Politic is homogenous, as no politic is the same as the other....   [tags: mesopotamia, political system]

Better Essays
1348 words (3.9 pages)

Mass Media and Democratization in Indonesian Political System Essay

- This paper is going to talk about mass media and democratization in Indonesian political system. What kind of democratization it is. What are the influences of mass media in our society. In this paper, we are going to discuss it further. Since this issue is a reality which happened in our country. Moreover, it also has an impact towards the result of general election. This result will lead Indonesia to a better way or the opposite of it, which is the worst. Mass media, now, became one of the tools that are used by most of the political actors....   [tags: indonesia, democratization, political system]

Better Essays
1839 words (5.3 pages)

Essay on Declaration Of Independence

- It was the 4th of July in 1776 when delegates from all thirteen colonies assembled at Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Not knowing the full significance of what was about to take place that day,the delegates would do something that would forever change the course of the American people. Throughout history, only a few documents have changed the way we as a nation view politics and carry out our everyday lives. The document mentioned above was the Declaration of Independence. It changed the course of history because it granted America its freedom from Great Britain....   [tags: Political Science]

Better Essays
1583 words (4.5 pages)

Evaluation of the Significance of a Human System Essay

- Evaluate the significance of a human system. You may select the system you wish to discuss (political, economic, social, or cultural) and the particular time period and location on which you want to focus. The key is to provide a clear explanation of the system and a convincing analysis of the role and importance of this system in the human experience. The Significance of Politics in the Human Experience History has been shaped by the will and brilliance of great men, and this brilliance, as man continue to evolve into civilized beings, manifested in the creation of politics....   [tags: socioeconomic systems, politics]

Better Essays
1262 words (3.6 pages)

The Separation of Powers in the United States Political System Essay

- The Separation of Powers in the United States Political System In the 18th Century, the French philosopher Montesquieu, who had been one of the inspirations behind the French Revolution, argued that limitation would be necessary within government within government in order to avoid tyranny. He identified the Executive, the Legislature and the Judiciary as the four braches of government which needed to be separated. To do this, he suggested the 'Separation of Powers', a mechanism built internally into government where each branch would have powers enabling it to limit those of another so no one branch becomes too powerful....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
624 words (1.8 pages)

The Political System in India and America Essays

- Man, being a social animal, has to live in harmony with fellow human beings. Human society has created the unique institution of organized state in order to maintain public order, defend frontiers, and ensure harmony among individuals and groups. After centuries of struggle, only in the modern era has it generally come to be accepted that the state cannot be controlled by divine right or power. Neither hereditary succession nor favors are acceptable as arbiters of political power in a civilized society....   [tags: Comparing Political Systems]

Free Essays
969 words (2.8 pages)