Essay on David Hume and His Thoughts

Essay on David Hume and His Thoughts

Length: 739 words (2.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

David Hume and His Thoughts

Hume begins his argument by observing that there is “a great variety
of taste, as well as of opinions, which prevails the world.” This
diversity is found among people of the same background and culture
within the same group and is even more pronounced among “distance
nations and remote ages.” A “standard of taste” would provide a
definite way to reconcile this diversity. By taste, Hume refers to
impressions or emotional responses associated with beauty and
ugliness. Each person perceives beauty differently or, in other
words, “Beauty is in the eye of the beholder.” Hume then starts to
outline this thesis. Sentiments are subjective and can neither be
right or wrong. “Judgments of understanding,” on the other hand, are
based on facts and can be right or wrong. Hume continues to state
that there are rules that can be employed to resolve critical
disputes, which requires that one be able to prove that the rule is
applicable to any case. It is then possible that the “bad critic” may
acknowledge his/her error. Hume writes that in “every creature there
is a sound and defective state,” and those with a sound state are
“true judges.” His thesis is that true judges have the ability to
transcend their cultural-historical situation and exercise a sense of
taste with objectivity that relies on facts.

2. Individual Taste

Hume does not feel that one individual’s taste is necessarily equal to
the taste of another individual. Again, Hume opens his argument with
an observation that there is great diversity of taste among
individuals of the same background and culture. This variety is even
greater whe...

... middle of paper ...

... For critics, judgment
comes into it along with sentiment. Thus critics will rate something
highly that is not to their personal taste. This phenomenon occurs
because critics will apply standards with disinterest. Hume makes
another good point that any critic can be wrong on a give issue.
However when you take the judgment of many critics, you see that the
admiration for Homer’s works endure regardless of changing fashions
because his works must be something that is excellent due to objective

7. Ideas of My Own

Though, Hume was specifically speaking of art and aesthetic judgment,
I believe that these principles can be used in other subject areas.
Whether the individual is analyzing art or analyzing science, they
must apply standards with disinterest in order to make an informed

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

How We Gain Knowledge and What We Do with Knowledge: David Hume Essay

- David Hume was an imperialist philosopher who revolutionized scientific argument and methodology with his skepticism. His arguments about the way people though up to his day, and still today, are fundamental in explaining how we gain knowledge and what we do with this knowledge. Hume helped pave a road leading toward a higher state of consciousness for humanity with his theory concerning the perceptions of the mind. He divided the minds perception into two distinct group's impression and ideas. With these two classifications Hume rationalized the depths of human understanding....   [tags: David Hume, Knowledge, philosophy]

Better Essays
1766 words (5 pages)

Essay about David Hume's Theory of Knowledge

- Knowledge is gained only through experience, and experiences only exist in the mind as individual units of thought. This theory of knowledge belonged to David Hume, a Scottish philosopher. Hume was born on April 26, 1711, as his family’s second son. His father died when he was an infant and left his mother to care for him, his older brother, and his sister. David Hume passed through ordinary classes with great success, and found an early love for literature. He lived on his family’s estate, Ninewells, near Edinburgh....   [tags: Empiricists, Empiricism]

Better Essays
855 words (2.4 pages)

Quest on the Mind: David Hume Essay

- David Hume, the insightful philosophical wonderer who asks the questions about ourselves the limitations we are bound to, and what truly makes human beings what we are. In specific Hume is trying to persuade us into the understanding of matters of fact, in which we base our lives upon and form habits towards certain things and how we grow accustom to other things surrounding us. After all, we do not know how things are going to turn out to be, we can only assume from previous experiences we have had, that things will turn out the same as they did in past through cause and effect and in Hume’s words custom and habit....   [tags: insightful philosophical wonderer]

Better Essays
833 words (2.4 pages)

Metaphysics as Addressed by Kant and Hume Essay

- Metaphysics as Addressed by Kant and Hume In the Prolegomena, Kant states that reading David Hume, "awakened him from his dogmatic slumber." It was Hume's An Inquiry Concerning Human Understanding that made Kant aware of issues and prejudices in his life that he had previously been unaware of. This further prompted Kant to respond to Hume with his own analysis on the theory of metaphysics. Kant did not feel that Hume dealt with these matters adequately and resolved to pick up where Hume had left off, specifically addressing the question of whether metaphysics as a science is possible....   [tags: Papers Kant Hume Philosophy Essays]

Better Essays
1383 words (4 pages)

Philosophy of David Hume Essay

- "The human brain starts working the moment you are born and never stops until you stand up to speak in public." –( George Jessel ). One can say or try and dissect the brain and try to figure what’s going on inside of it and that’s what Philosophers today try to accomplish, but a question can be raised from this. Why is that why must the brain be dissected. This question is raised for the simple fact that Philosophers really want to know what’s going on the human brain. This can also go back to “knowing” and believing in something that can be proven as a fact....   [tags: Empiricists, Empiricism]

Better Essays
1929 words (5.5 pages)

David Hume´s Philosophy Essay

- Hume’s Epistemology David Hume was a Scottish philosopher known for his ideas of skepticism and empiricism. Hume strived to better develop John Locke’s idea of empiricism by using a scientific study of our own human nature. We cannot lean on common sense to exemplify human conduct without offering any clarification to the subject. In other words, Hume says that since human beings do, as a matter of fact, live and function in this world, observation of how humans do so is imminent. The primary goal of philosophy is simply to explain and justify the reasoning of why we believe what we do....   [tags: Ideas,Impressions]

Better Essays
889 words (2.5 pages)

David Hume 's Theory On Sensory Experience Essay

- • David Hume took the logic aspects behind Locke and Berkeley theory on sensory experience leading to one’s knowledge and came up with the most comprehensible understanding of empiricism. • Hume thought that through science he could find the reason for conflict and the justification behind every humans thoughts, whether the ideas had any equal accuracy. • Strongly believed that the method of science would lead him to finding the understanding of how the minds of human make though and process • Hume found that science failed him, and that human though process only extends to a certain limit....   [tags: Mind, Thought, Cognition, Idea]

Better Essays
1006 words (2.9 pages)

Essay about David Hume's Theory of Causality

- What Came First: The Chicken or the Egg. David Hume moves through a logical progression of the ideas behind cause and effect. He critically analyzes the reasons behind those generally accepted ideas. Though the relation of cause and effect seems to be completely logical and based on common sense, he discusses our impressions and ideas and why they are believed. Hume’s progression, starting with his initial definition of cause, to his final conclusion in his doctrine on causality. As a result, it proves how Hume’s argument on causality follows the same path as his epistemology, with the two ideas complimenting each other so that it is rationally impossible to accept the epistemology and not...   [tags: Empiricists, Empiricism]

Better Essays
2065 words (5.9 pages)

Essay on David Hume's Theory of Knowledge

- Empiricism (en- peiran; to try something for yourself): The doctrine that all knowledge must come through the senses; there are no innate ideas born within us that only require to be remembered (ie, Plato). All knowledge is reducible to sensation, that is, our concepts are only sense images. In short, there is no knowledge other than that obtained by sense observation. Remember that according to Descartes, what I know first and foremost are my ideas. It is only later that he seeks to know if the extramental world exists, and so he begins with his ideas and then moves towards real being (rather than vice versa)....   [tags: Empiricists, Empiricism]

Free Essays
1350 words (3.9 pages)

David Hume Essay

- David Hume Hume, David, 1711-76, Scottish philosopher and historian. Hume carried the empiricism of John Locke and George Berkeley to the logical extreme of radical skepticism. He repudiated the possibility of certain knowledge, finding in the mind nothing but a series of sensations, and held that cause-and-effect in the natural world derives solely from the conjunction of two impressions....   [tags: Empiricists, Empiricism]

Better Essays
1198 words (3.4 pages)