Essay about The Psychodynamic Approach

Essay about The Psychodynamic Approach

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The Psychodynamic Approach

Henry is a man who often finds it difficult to distinguish between
reality and fantasy. For example, he believes that he is better than
anyone else at the job he does, and that rapid promotion will
inevitably follow when other people realise it too. However, few of
his colleagues believe this and they feel that Henry is not really
facing up to the realities of his everyday life. How might this be
explained?

(a) Describe how two approaches might try to explain Henry’s
difficulty in distinguishing reality from fantasy. (6
marks + 6 marks)

The psychodynamic approach states that unconscious urges are revealed
in symbolic form. Thus, the unconscious mind ‘leaks’ into
consciousness by means of irrational behaviour, in Henry’s case he
unconsciously desires a promotion, but because he consciously knows he
may not get one, or others work at a higher standard and may be
receiving one before himself he behaves irrationally. The irrational
behaviour comes in the form of his illogical confident thoughts that
everyone isn’t as good as him at his job and he thinks that it is due
to other people’s foolishness that he has not yet been promoted,
therefore, not placing any of the blame upon himself.

Another explanation offered by the psychodynamic approach comes from
Freud’s ideas on the structure of the personality, which is made
through the development of the id, ego and super ego. The id is part
of the unconscious and is the most primitive drive, which demands
immediate satisfaction and is governed by the pleasure principle. The
ego regulates the id, as it is part of the conscious and intellec...


... middle of paper ...


... none of his behaviour reflects
a current social factor, just his unconscious mind influencing his
fantasy driven life, whether that be in the terms of being ‘stuck’ in
the phallic stage or having an underdeveloped ego and super ego
leaving his unconscious uncontrolled id to run riot. However, this may
be a little to simplistic and unable to account for many other things
throughout life which shape and build personality. Henry’s fantasy
thought processes may be driven by an adult experience not just early
childhood experience, i.e. if an adult has a scary experience with a
spider like it crawling upon their bed they may develop an irrational
fear of spiders even when no such event was experienced in childhood
and so this fear can’t be linked to any childhood experience, and so
this theory fails to offer an explanation.

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