Geography as a Science Essay example

Geography as a Science Essay example

Length: 1231 words (3.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Geography as a Science

Science, by definition, is:

‘…the systematic study of the structure and behaviour of the physical
and natural world through observation and experiment…’ 1

Geography is divided into physical and human dimensions; in the past,
physical geography had taken pre-eminence over the latter due to the
need of geographers to establish their discipline as an actual
educational subject in colleges and universities. They therefore
needed to impress upon the world its yummy importance as a science 5,
which held much weight at the time, but can geography still be based
in the world of natural sciences or has it shifted to that of a more
social basis? As the subject in itself is now no longer entirely
devoted to the simple science of, for example, gauging how fauna and
flora evolve, it is important to evaluate whether geography has
changed into just another extension of sociology and economics or
whether it still as scientific as ever, even with these changes.

The sciences relating to the physical world, like, are so
collectively termed as physical geography. The natural sciences are
those that focus on how the world and the organisms, including humans,
living on and within it operate. The social sciences are those that
centre more with humans and their role in the world; the difference
between the two is often a very narrow line. Geography in the past has
traditionally been placed in the category of natural (or true)
sciences, as a subject of exploration, forecasting and cartography.
Over the hundreds of years that geography has established itself
(though not officially recognised until the latter half of the 19th ...

... middle of paper ... - What is
geography? - A discussion of The Circumefernce of Geography (by N.M.
Fenneman), written by Tiffany Bloxom.



5. Ideology, science and human geography / [by] Derek Gregory.
London : Hutchinson, 1978

6. The dictionary of human geography / edited by R.J. Johnston ...
[et al.]. 4th ed. Imprint Oxford : Blackwell, 2000.

7. The dictionary of physical geography / edited by David S.G.
Thomas and Andrew Goudie. Edition 3rd ed. Imprint Oxford : Blackwell,

8. The Future of geography - by Nigel Thrift. Geoforum article,
march 2002

9. Geography - History and concepts by Arild Holt-Jensen, 2nd
edition, Paul Chapman publishing ltd, 1988

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The History of Geography in Lithuania Essay

- The beginning of the history of geography in Lithuania is reaching as far as the times of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (12-18th century) and is mostly connected with one of the oldest Universities in Northern Europe - Vilnius University, established in 1579. For this reason geography as a science has deep traditions in Lithuania. One of the most influential organizations to the development of modern geography in the country is the Lithuanian Geographical Society, which was established in 1934 and, despite various turmoil, has managed to survive until today....   [tags: Geography, Science History]

Strong Essays
1956 words (5.6 pages)

Essay on What is Eratosthenes?

- Eratosthenes Overview This paper will tell you about the life of Eratosthenes; his life, death and everything that we know in between. He was a very diverse, multitalented thinker who was also known as the “father of geography” (Fashchuk 1). The Life of Eratosthenes Eratosthenes was born in 276 B.C. in Cyrene, Libya which is present day Shahhat, Libya on the northern coast of Africa. He died in 194 B.C. at about 82 years old in Alexandria, Egypt, which is the second largest city in Egypt (Trubin).The only mention of his father was of a man named Aglaos....   [tags: Earth, Environmentsl Science, Geography]

Strong Essays
913 words (2.6 pages)

The Various Types of Geography- Human, Physical, Children, and Health Geography

- Geography is the study of the earth in all its variety; it deals with the human geography, environment geography and the physical geography. Geography is natural in everyone’s lives. It is all around us helping to instill consideration for the world, its environments and its peoples. Geography prepares us to have a better understanding of our individual world and the global world in spatial term. Furthermore, Geography assist us with getting to and from work, It also help with our traveling plans to other states and international countries around the world....   [tags: geography]

Strong Essays
989 words (2.8 pages)

Geographical Information Science Essay

- The meaning of the letter 'S' in the acronym GIS appears to have been the subject of some debate in the world of geographers over the last 20 years or so (Wright et al., 1997; Pickles, 1997). Geographical information science or geographical information systems. Goodchild (2010) describes geographic information as information which links an entity to a location on or near the earth's surface as well as to a specific point in time, he alse quotes the definition of geographic information science put forward by David Mark: "The development and use of theories, methods, technology, and data for understanding geographic processes, relationships,and patterns." Geographical information systems ha...   [tags: Theoretical Basis, Geography]

Strong Essays
1331 words (3.8 pages)

Essay on Physical Geography of Orange County

- This sedimentary rock has hardened over the many years with sand shells, small pebbles, grains of sand and rocks of various sizes. In comparison to our 4.5 billion year old Earth, these sand shells might as well be brand new, when in reality they could be up to 1,000 years old. If the sandstone were to be replaced with calcite it would completely change the subclass of rock, it would then be chemical & organic limestone. The variation in sand stone is due to different rates of deposition and change in patterns of the sediment movement (Mc Knight, p....   [tags: earth science, geology, cloud types]

Strong Essays
909 words (2.6 pages)

Anglo American Economic Geography Essay

- Discuss the intellectual history of Anglo American economic geography since the 2nd world war. Economic concepts have often been used as the foundation for geographic theory; showing a relationship between the two. When the field of economics evolves then so too does the field of economic geography. Economic geography is defined as: a field of geography that helps to describe and explain the areas where economic activities are carried out. It is centered around helping to explain the production and distribution of commodities and how resources are to be allocated and the consequences (Barnes 2009)....   [tags: economics, ]

Strong Essays
1580 words (4.5 pages)

Essay about The Functions of Geography Throughout the Time Periods of History

- Geography is the one discipline that throughout history has served many functions. Function like where to get resources, take a trip., find new places and function its served during different eras throughout history Furthermore three of geography most important function thought out history is the purposes it served during the eras of Roman, Greek, Chinese, Islamic and early modern Europe. The important purposes of geography through these ages and the benefit geography got from European Imperialism....   [tags: topography, ptolemy, greeks, romans]

Strong Essays
1310 words (3.7 pages)

Essay on What´s Environmental Science

- Environmental science is the study of the environment (air, water, soil, organisms) and the solution to environmental challenges, for example, human activities. Although environmental science is common knowledge today, it was not a field of study until the 1960’s. Around this time, environmental science presented few issues in comparison to the many we face today. In the last few decades, humans have made damaging effects on the environment, like the ozone layer and global warming. Also the earth has become polluted, not only on the inside, but on the outside too....   [tags: ecology, mitigation, scientists]

Strong Essays
949 words (2.7 pages)

The Influence of Geography and the Environment On the Development of Early Civilization

- Geography and the environment play a monumental role in the establishment and success of a nearly every civilization. For example, rivers bring water and allow for agricultural development, while mountains or deserts provide for protection and create a barrier. Many things, such as the aforementioned deserts and mountains, can offer both positive and negative influences on the society in question. The climate and amount of rainfall is directly related to the success or failure of crop growing, and thus related to the amount of time spent on simply surviving....   [tags: Anthropology]

Strong Essays
784 words (2.2 pages)

Philosophy of Science Essay

- Philosophy of Science It is commonly thought today that the theory of evolution originated from Darwin in the nineteenth century. However, the idea that species mutate over time has been around for a long time in one form or another. Therefore, by Darwin's time the idea that species change from one type into another was by no means new, but was rejected by most because the proponents of evolution could not come up with a satisfactory mechanism that would explain this change. The most influential evolutionary theories prior to Darwin were those of Lamarck and Geoffroy St....   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
2756 words (7.9 pages)