The psychodynamic model of abnormality is useful to an extent. However
it has many weaknesses.
The psychodynamic model of abnormality was initiated by Sigmund Freud.
Sigmund Freud was very interested in hysteria. This is the
manifestation of physical causes. He became convinced that unconscious
mental causes were responsible not just abnormality but also
normality. Freud developed Psychoanalysis. This is a set of techniques
for treating the unconscious causes of mental disorders and built up a
psychoanalytic theory of how human personality and abnormality develop
from childhood. His psychoanalytic approach had a great impact on
psychology and psychiatry and was developed by other psychodynamic
Psychoanalysis had a very fixed set of assumptions. One of these is
the unconscious processes where many important influences on behaviour
come from a part of the mind we have no awareness of called the
unconscious. Another assumption is psychodynamic conflict. Different
parts of the mind are in constant struggle with each other and the
consequences of this are important in understanding behaviour. Freud
also believed that behaviour is motivated by sexual and aggressive
drives. The drives create psychic energy that builds up and create
tension and anxiety if it cannot be released. Another assumption is
development where personality is shaped by relationships, experiences
and conflict, particularly during childhood.
Freud’s psychoanalysis is probably the most important psychodynamic
theory. His ideas developed a...
... middle of paper ...
...century. It has had a significant effect on a wide
range of disciplines such as anthropology, women’s studies and
Also, the sharp distinction between abnormality and normality of the
biological model is ignored. Doing this, it has created more sympathy
for people with psychological disorders. Psychoanalysis is more humane
with its focus on talking as opposed to drugs, shock therapy or brain
surgery. It also has the power to enhance our understanding of
ourselves and from the number of people who testify how it has helped
them in their own lives.
In conclusion, the psychodynamic model is useful as it is still being
used today by professional psychiatrists and works with many people.
However, there are a lot of weaknesses to outweigh the positives,
which means that the model can be seriously questioned.
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