information about crime, this source of information usually being the
media. When carrying out sample research in Birmingham, Susan Smith
(1984) discovered that 52% of people obtained most of their
information about crime from the media, 36% obtained it from hearsay
or alleged experiences of friends and neighbours, 3% from their own
experiences, and 1% from the police service themselves (cited in
Jones, 2001; 8). However the media tend to exaggerate upon areas of
criminal activity causing a moral panic.
‘A moral panic is a semi- spontaneous or media generated mass movement
based on the perception that some individual or group, frequently a
minority group or subculture, is dangerously deviant and poses menace
to society. These panics are generally fuelled by the media, although
not always caused by, media coverage of social issues… These panics
can sometimes lead to mob violence… (newsfilter.co.uk).
Some of the governing models of moral panics include Jock Young (1971)
and Stanley Cohen (1972). Stanley Cohen fabricated the idea of moral
panics in his book Folk Devils and Moral Panics (1972), whilst Jock
Young concentrated more on the correlation of deviance amplification
and drug taking. The main feature of a moral panic is deviance
amplification; this was looked at in more detail by Stanley Cohen
(1972) in what he called the deviancy amplification spiral. Some
examples of media moral panics include; internet pornography, violence
in video games, immigration, single parents etc… Moral panics can
affect the public’s perceptions of crime in many ways, making the
... middle of paper ...
...vious alternative source
of information is conversation. However, questions then arise to how
the other person’s opinions were reached. Even rumours have to start
some where” (Jones, 2003; 90)
Bradley, A (1994) A Morality play for all times [WWW DOCUMENT] URL
Cohen S (1972) Folk Devils and Moral Panics. Oxford: Martin Robertson.
Cohen S (1987) Folk Devils and Moral Panics. Oxford: Martin Robertson.
Critcher, C (2003) Moral Panics and the Media. Oxford: Oxford
Goode, E and Ben- Yehuda, N. (1994) Moral Panics. The social
construction of deviance. Oxford: Blackwells.
Williams, S (2004) Textbook on Criminology. US: Oxford University
Jones, S (2003) Criminology. Great Britain: Cromwell Press.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- M3.) The Great British media has a huge influence over the way we view crime, there are many different forms of media such as television, radio, advertising, the internet, newspapers, magazines, music and films, due to this media reaches as massive audience across the world, influencing a great number of people and how people view crime. With flashing headline the public can easily be influence to think that crime is all around them and that they are in danger. Because the media does reach such a huge audience it is easy to influence people belief about the level of crime by the style of reporting large headlines with a recent crime can influence how a persons belief of crime in there area,... [tags: criminology, moral panics]
562 words (1.6 pages)
- 1) choose the theory from part one of the course most relevant to explaining your chosen topic, and provide a succinct analysis of the theory The criminal law are rules of conduct set to prevent ‘crime against the person and crime against the property’ in different time and places (Rush 2003). Each state in Australia has a specific set of criminal law, which is designed to protect individuals of a state from facing possible harm and threat. In order to achieve policy reforms, legal authorities make use of moral panics to create tension in society, so as to increase public awareness and gain social support towards related issues.... [tags: Sociology, Morality, Crime, Bullying]
1171 words (3.3 pages)
- Throughout society there are both individuals and groups of people with a wide range of perceptions about crime and justice. These perceptions are influenced by the media and what the media presents. Media presents crime stories in ways that selectively distort and manipulate public perception, thus creating a false picture of crime. Therefore the media provides us with perceptions and social constructions about our world. Firstly I will be discussing the role of the media in constructing knowledge about crime.... [tags: criminal justice, media bias, sociology]
1665 words (4.8 pages)
- Throughout history and in contemporary Britain “a sequence of moral panics about ‘depraved youth’ has been a dominant and recurring feature of media representations of young people” (Muncie, 2004, p. 8), and as a result, the youth-crime nexus has undergone vast transformations in terms of the conception of ‘youth crime’ and its prevailing consequences (Omaji, 2003). In the post-war period, youthful ‘folk-devils’ were continually pinpointed by the media as the underlying source of public anxiety and the main cause for concern regarding “what was wrong with society” (Muncie, 2009, p.... [tags: Sociology ]
2227 words (6.4 pages)
- The Concept of Moral Panics A moral panic is said to occur when the media mobilises public opinion around the condemnation of deviance ("Media coverage of deviance: moral panics", lecture handout, 07-10-02). Deviance, in this context, refers to the violation of social norms and values, and the subsequent disruption of social order. This essay will begin with a clarification of the terms 'moral panic' and 'deviance' and outline how the two concepts are related.... [tags: Papers]
1878 words (5.4 pages)
- The amount of influence the media has in relation to its audiences is an important question in Media Studies. Whilst the ‘media effects’ model directly connects the subject matter of mass media to an individual’s behaviour, this approach has been considered by media theorists as too simple a connection that analyses social problems “backwards” and treats audiences as incapable of interpreting a text. By firstly discussing these criticisms of the “media effects” model, this essay will later argue that Stuart Hall’s “Encoding and Decoding” model offers a more compelling and pragmatic approach to audience studies.... [tags: Marshall McLuhan, Mass media, Sociology]
1145 words (3.3 pages)
- Crime is seen to just exist however, that is not the case. It is argued that crime is created through society and that crime is both a social fact and a social construction. We are told daily about the problems in which we are facing from crime by politicians through the media. From this it is argued that crime is in fact a social fact and a social construction. Throughout this essay it looks at what exactly is a social construction and a social fact and if crime is in fact both a social construction and a social fact, it will also look at one of the main theories which will help draw a conclusion to if crime Is both a social fact and a social construction.... [tags: Sociology, Criminology, Deviance, Crime]
1376 words (3.9 pages)
- Since the “invention of adolescence”(Clarke 2009:1) at the start of the 19th century, we have seen multiple images created in regards to youth, created both politically academically and in the mass media. For the most part these images created are portrayed as problematic and damaging to society. They very often carry negative connotations such as lazy, disaffected, binged, unruly and broken. It could even be argued that just the word “youth” used alone could be seen as a negative connotation in its own right as it’s so rarely used positively.... [tags: youth image, youth subcultures, mass media]
1904 words (5.4 pages)
- Media's Representation of the Nature and Extent of Crime in Britain There is continuous debate on the effectiveness of media reporting with regards to informing the public about crime. The media have motive, methods by, which they distort information, and evidence of the affects of their misinforming the public. However the media do inform the public with regards to problems in our society, without the media we would know nothing. The public also need to be thought of when trying to decipher whether the media does in fact misinform them.... [tags: Papers]
2004 words (5.7 pages)
- A media panic or often referred to as a moral panic, is a term that describes how the media is formulating issues amongst our society. Over time, our culture has shifted and caused for many conclusions regarding media panics and the relationship between youth and the media culture. Based upon previous knowledge and course readings, I have drawn a very disturbing conclusion; this being that no matter what age, children are willing or non willingly now under surveillance to determine what kind of role media is playing in their lives.... [tags: social issues, moral panic]
996 words (2.8 pages)