The ideology of collectivisation 1st became a viable policy in
Stalinist Russia. The primary thinking behind this revolutionary
initiative was to improve agricultural production to a level that
could sustain the ever-increasing urban masses. Furthermore the
decision makers in Eastern Europe wished to ensure an abundant supply
of cheap food was available so that they could control, and keep real
wage rates at a manageable level. The collectivisation of agriculture
was envisaged by the socialist regimes as the “Ideal vehicle to
achieve this objective.” (1) The large-scale cultivation necessitated
by collectivisation was seen by the socialist regime as a fundament
strategy to improve the total productivity of the agricultural sector.
Within a short space of time its origins and principles had began to
spread rapidly throughout the Eastern European states, until the
widespread adoption of the policy became an essential tool for the
majority of socialist regimes.
As one looks at collectivisation throughout Eastern Europe, it becomes
apparent early on that no 2 nation states had identical results from
the adoption of this policy. Each State has to be judged on its own
merits and individual socio-economic results.
Hungary, Poland and Czechoslovakia were 3 infant states that had
collectivisation enforced upon them by the expansionist German regime.
In the immediate aftermath of the war they simultaneously decided that
they would progress with the ‘cooperative farm’ ethos that the Nazi
government had installed in their societies. It had shown a level of
effectiveness and efficiency that when ma...
... middle of paper ...
2. G. And N. Swain, Eastern Europe since 1945 (Basingstoke, 1998).
3. D. H. Aldroft and S. Morewood, Economic change in Eastern Europe
since 1918 (Aldershot, 1995).
4. M. Kaser and E.A. Radice, (eds.) The Economic History of Eastern
Europe 1919-1975, Volume II: Interwar Policy, the War and
Reconstruction (Oxford, 1985).
5. J. Lovenduski and J. Woodall, Politics and Society in Eastern
Europe (London, 1987).
6. G. Kolankiewicz and Paul G. Lewis, Poland: Politics, Economics and
Society (London, 1988).
7. M. Shafir, Romania: Politics, Economics and Society (London, 1985).
8. L. P. Morris, Eastern Europe since 1945.
9. A. L. Cartwright, The Return of the Peasant.
10. I. T. Berend, Central and Eastern Europe, 1944-1993: Detour from
the Periphery to the Periphery (Cambridge, 1996).
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