Sociological Perspectives and Theories Essay

Sociological Perspectives and Theories Essay

Length: 2035 words (5.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Sociological Perspectives and Theories

Sociologists try to explain how society orders itself but there are
many different theories for this, which often conflict with one
another. Some of these classic theories include Marxism,
Functionalism, and Interactionism. There are also more modern or
contemporary theories such as Feminism. Each sociological perspective
has different beliefs.

Marxists are concerned with the distribution of economic power and
wealth. They believe that society is in conflict between two classes.
Those classes are the Bourgeoisie; who own the means of production,
i.e. land and the Proletariat; who sell labour to these owners for
wages. The Proletariat are being exploited in order for the
Bourgeoisie to gain economic and cultural power over them; Marxists
believe this leads to antagonism, arguments and conflict between the
two classes.

An example of this could be in a factory. The manager owns the
factory, which is a means of production, so he is a Bourgeoisie
whereas the factory workers are the Proletariat because they work for
the manager in exchange for wages.

Functionalists argue that society is organised much like the Human
Body. Everything must function correctly in order for society to work
as a whole, just like every organ in the body must function correctly
in order for the body to work as a whole.

They believe that social institutions such as Police, NHS, Church,
Schools, etc ensure that certain prerequisites are met and they must
all work together to produce a healthy society. Those prerequisites
are that people need to learn how to be part of society
(socialisation), people need t...

... middle of paper ...

... a particular group to see how they interact
with each other and what they do on a normal basis. For example,
someone may observe a classroom, an encounter between doctor and
patient, or the way people use public parks. Some observers actually
participate in the group which they are observing, which depending on
the situation, can either enhance or hinder the study.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -


BTEC National Care – Heinemann (M.Walsh, B.Stretch, N.Moonie,
D.Hearne, E.Miller and D.Webb)

Class Handouts




Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about Sociological Perspectives On The Sociological Perspective

- Sociology helps us understand how societies influence people, and how people within a society influences the society. We, as human beings, are part of societies that have different customs, beliefs, and morals. When things are normal to us we assume that it is normals to everyone around the world as well, but in reality what is normal or important to one society may not be important to the other one. Because of this, being able to understand how the sociological perspective works is especially important....   [tags: Sociology, Jeans, LGBT, Slim-fit pants]

Powerful Essays
1127 words (3.2 pages)

Sociological Perspectives Of The United States Essay

- 1. There are three major sociological perspectives, these are three major theories are conflict theory, functionalism theory, and interactionist theory. Conflict theory is defined as a theory that focuses on societal groups competing for scarce resources. Functional theory (or also called structural-functional theory) is defined as assumes that all parts of a social structure (groups, organizations, and institutions), the culture (values and beliefs) and social processes (social change) work together to make the whole society run smoothly....   [tags: Sociology, Poverty, Economic inequality]

Powerful Essays
980 words (2.8 pages)

Sociological Perspectives and the Social Institution of the Family Essay

- Sociological Perspectives and the Social Institution of the Family Society is the 'subject' of the social sciences. Generally Speaking society is that complex social organization of human beings that share an identity inhabiting dynamic relationships and a distinctive culture. Members of a society identify themselves through that society and work together with other members to ensure that the rules, generally agreed upon by all members to govern how they relate to each other, are in place. Sociological perspectives are viewpoints from which we study and understand society and its varied mechanics and elements....   [tags: Sociology ]

Powerful Essays
1758 words (5 pages)

Marxism and Radical and Liberal Feminism Essay examples

- In this essay I propose to discuss two key sociological perspectives, Marxism and Radical and Liberal Feminism. I will also apply these theories to the family aspect of social life. Marxism is a structural conflict theory as outlined originally by Karl Marx (1818-1883). Marx called the society we live in a capitalist society, and divided society into two basic classes. The ruling class or bourgeoisie as he called them, which was at the time of Marx the wealthy factory owners and land owners, and the working class which he called the proletariat....   [tags: sociological perspectives]

Powerful Essays
1382 words (3.9 pages)

Sociological Perspectives On The Nature Of Religion Essay

- Religion has been a source of fascination to the scientists for very many years, hundreds of years. Anthropological theories of taboos and totem, sociological theories of functionalism, biological investigations of the ‘religious mind, or the evolutionary theories of optimal adaptation, are just a few of the examples of the several attempts to understand the origin and the prominent existence of religion in the human societies. It is argued that a fundamental feature of any of these religion theories should be an explanation between two aspects that are most observed, the individual and the social aspects....   [tags: Sociology, Religion, Émile Durkheim]

Powerful Essays
1143 words (3.3 pages)

Sociological Perspectives Of Functionalism And Feminism Essay

- This essay will critically discuss the key sociological perspectives of Functionalism, Marxism and Feminism and how they relate to the way relationships are structured within society. In addition to this it will aim to discover which of the three perspectives have the most relevance in modern life. Functionalists believe that all people share the same values and norms, a value consensus and this leads to the achievement of social solidarity, a sense of unity. Functionalism suggests that society needs to be thought of as a whole and in order for it to function all of the parts, social institutions need to work together....   [tags: Sociology, Feminism, Feminist theory, Marxism]

Powerful Essays
1408 words (4 pages)

Essay on Sociological Perspectives On Social Life

- In sociology, several theories provide broad perspectives that help to explain the different aspects of social life. A theory in a sociological sense, is a way to explain social interactions and to create testable concepts about society. Today sociologists explore about three different sociological perspectives which include the symbolic interactionist perspective, the functionalist perspective, and the conflict perspective. These three outlooks, offer sociologists theoretical paradigms for explaining how society effects people and how people effect society....   [tags: Sociology, Symbolic interactionism]

Powerful Essays
1101 words (3.1 pages)

Essay on Sociological Theories

- Sociological theory creates ways to understand the social world by having different theories to explain understand social life. It aids to make sense of this social world. It draws together a wide range of perspectives to help provide the fullest picture. (Macionis & Plummer p.36) It shows that one theory can explain something that another cannot. My aim is to answer this question with reference to both functionalism and conflict theory. This will be done by comparing and contrasting both theories in relation to their perspectives on both suicide and gender discrimination as social issues relevant to this day and age....   [tags: Social Issues, Conflict Theory]

Powerful Essays
1186 words (3.4 pages)

Three Sociological Perspectives Essay

- Three Sociological Perspectives This paper discusses three approaches that can be taken when studying Sociology. There are many subjects to be studied and discussed in the field of Sociology, and the approach chosen to study a particular subject is called a perspective. There are three different perspectives, and they are functionalist, conflict, and interactionist perspectives. This paper compares and contrasts these different perspectives with one another. When studying in the field of Sociology everyone is going to approach topics in a different manner....   [tags: Sociology Functionalist Conflict Interactionist]

Free Essays
1124 words (3.2 pages)

Sociological Theories Essay

- Sociological Theories One of the sociological theories is conflict theory. The conflict theory deals with people's level on wealth, or class. The conflict theory says that social change is beneficial, contrary to focuses on social order. In the story of the woman and her children, the conflict theory plays a big role on the situation. Police of higher class are threatening the homeless woman. The conflict theory is a constant struggle of people of higher class over powering people of lower class, or the weaker....   [tags: Papers Sociology Class Power Conflict Essays]

Powerful Essays
945 words (2.7 pages)