Bolsheviks' Seizure of Power in 1917 Essay

Bolsheviks' Seizure of Power in 1917 Essay

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Bolsheviks' Seizure of Power in 1917

There are many factors that help explain how and why the Bolsheviks
managed to seize power in 1917. It was a combination of long and short
term causes that together, created a revolution. The political system
itself was long overdue for reform, but with a weak Tsar, the economic
and social conditions became worse and worse. In 23 years, Nicholas II
dropped from the glorious ‘Little Father of Russia’ to prisoners of
his own country, hatred and despised by the majority, for the
suffering and unhappiness he had helped create.

There were many long-term causes that gradually led up to the
revolution in 1917. The political system installed in Russia under the
Tsar was long overdue for reform. Russia was a vast empire rather
than a single country, and as the Tsar believed in ‘divine right’ he
was its supreme ruler, which even with a great, strong charactered
ruler, is still a huge task.

Nicholas believed in absolute autocracy, and by doing this he did not
manage the country well. He could appoint or sack ministers or make
any other decisions without consulting anyone else. Unlike most other
countries that had at least given them some freedom to say how their
country was run, the Tsar was dedicated with the idea of autocracy,
and seemed to be obsessed with the great past of his family. This
could be the cause of Nicholas’ behaviour; wanting to live up to the
name of his predecessors, and keeping the way the country was run the
same. Yet he took no advice, often appointing people not capable of
doing their job, just because they were personal friends or family.
Nicholas was a weak-charactered ruler...


... middle of paper ...


...trograd. The
Bolsheviks were also a disciplined party dedicated to revolution, with
some outstanding personalities such as Lenin and Trotsky.

There were around 800,000 members, helped by having the major
industrial centres, near the Moscow and Petrograd soviets especially,
that were all pro-Bolshevik. The Bolsheviks offered an effective
solution to the squalor and starvation the people had suffered under
the Tsar, upholding a political system already long overdue for
reform. All the events leading up to this radical uprising of the
Bolsheviks, helped create the October-Novemeber revolution. This made
Russia a democratic country with an elected government working for
it’s people, it’s workers, it’s soldiers, and the peasants. Tsarist
Russia was now history, but for Bolshevik Russia, this was just the
beginning.

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