Success of the Council of Trent in the years 1545-1563 in Tackling the Problems Confronting the Catholic Church

Success of the Council of Trent in the years 1545-1563 in Tackling the Problems Confronting the Catholic Church

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Success of the Council of Trent in the years 1545-1563 in Tackling the Problems Confronting the Catholic Church

The council met over a period of eighteen years, in this time there
were three distinct periods in which there were a total of 25
sessions. There were several problems with the Catholic Church which
needed to be sorted out, this including doctrine and discipline. The
council met to sort out this problem which had persisted over a number
of years. There were several popes in these three periods.

The council took so long to confront the problems within the church
for two reasons. One of which is that in the first period, Paul III
was Pope and he wanted to move the council to Bologna, as there was an
outbreak of Cholera in Trent which supposedly put the people at risk.
This from Paul’s point of view would increase his power and influence
on what was going on. However Charles realised what Paul was doing and
told his subjects to stay in Trent, this therefore effectively bought
the council to a halt. Secondly in 1555 Carafa was Pope and he was
hostile to the idea of a General Council, he thought that the Pope had
enough authority to reform the church himself. Therefore until 1559
when Puis IV was Pope nothing happened at Trent. However it did manage
to confront many of the problems facing the Catholic Church by the end
of the council in 1563.

One of the major doctrinal issues facing the church was where the
true word of God is found. The traditional Catholic view was that it
was in the Bible and the word was passed down through the church, for
example by priests in services. The protestant view was that it was
found in the ...


... middle of paper ...


...now a much
centralised institution and the Pope was firmly the head of the
church. No general council was called for a further 300 years after
Trent, this showed that this council must have incurred a certain
degree of success. The papacy was confirmed to be essentially Italian,
and the Pope for the next 400 years was Italian. Trent was the
catalyst to reform after 1563, there was important business such as
the production of a catholic reform after the closure of Trent was
different from that before 1545. After 1563 reform was more positive
and forward thinking. The decrees of Trent often took a long time to
actually take effect and there were vast regional differences in the
effectiveness of the legislation. The Catholic Church had started to
become a static institution that was not going to move with the
times.

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