The fact that red shifts appear to be quantized has interesting
implications for the study of the universe. This suggests that the red
shift may be caused by something other than the expansion of the
universe, at least in part. This could be a loss of energy of light
rays as they travel, or a decrease in the speed of light through
discrete levels. Maybe there is some other explanation.
The following quotation concerning this phenomenon is from "Quantized
Galaxy Red shifts" by William G. Tifft & W. John Cocker, University of
Arizona, Sky & Telescope Magazine, Jan., 1987, pgs. 19-21. I thank
Mark Stewart for this material:
As the turn of the next century approaches, we again find an
established science in trouble trying to explain the behavior of the
natural world. This time the problem is in cosmology, the study of the
structure and "evolution" of the universe as revealed by its largest
physical systems, galaxies and clusters of galaxies. A growing body of
observations suggests that one of the most fundamental assumptions of
cosmology is wrong.
Most galaxies' spectral lines are shifted toward the red, or longer
wavelength, end of the spectrum. Edwin Hubble showed in 1929 that the
more distant the galaxy, the larger this "red shift". Astronomers
traditionally have interpreted the red shift as a Doppler shift
induced as the galaxies recede from us within an expanding universe.
For that reason, the red shift is usually expressed as a velocity in
kilometers per second.
One of the first indications that there might be a problem with this
picture came in the early 1970's. William G. Tifft, University of
... middle of paper ...
...on of the red shift, but there
can be and are other interpretations. A galaxy’s' red shift may be a
fundamental property of the galaxy. Each may have a specific state
governed by laws, analogues to those in quantum mechanics that specify
which energy states atoms may occupy. Since there is relatively little
blurring on the quantization between galaxies, any real motions would
have to be small in this model. Galaxies would not move away from one
another; the universe would be static instead of expanding.
This model obviously has implications for our understanding of red
shift patterns within and among galaxies. In particular it may solve
the so-called "missing mass" problem. Conventional analysis of cluster
dynamics suggest that there is not enough luminous matter to
gravitationally bind moving galaxies to the system.
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