Tsar Nicholas II and 1905 Revolution Essay

Tsar Nicholas II and 1905 Revolution Essay

Length: 1994 words (5.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Tsar Nicholas II and 1905 Revolution

The Tsar (Nicholas II) survived the 1905 revolution. However, the
revolution in 1917 did remove him from power. When asking why Nicholas
II survived 1905 there are numerous factors to examine. Both
revolutions had extremely similar conditions. Levels of
dissatisfaction, strikes and the country moving towards a wartime
economy are all examples. It is also important to see small
differences which gave the two events such contrasting outcomes and
determined the survival and the fall of the Tsar.

In February 1904 war broke out between Russia and Japan over a town
called Manchuria situated in Northern China. After suffering a
humiliating defeat in the Russo-Japanese War, Russia expected severe
peace terms. However, due to the negotiations presided over by
President Roosevelt the terms were quite lenient. This allowed
Nicholas to save face, pride and secure his position. In 1905, despite
the appalling conditions that the workers in the agricultural and
industrial sectors were suffering, there was still support and good
will towards the Tsar. It is suggested that the people did not blame
the Tsar, but his advisers for the state of the country.

On the 22nd January 1905 peaceful demonstrations began, co-ordinated
by the Union of Liberation, these demonstrations were an attempt to
make the Tsar transform the Russian government. The demonstrators
marched towards the Winter Palace in St Petersburg peacefully and
unarmed. Regardless of this they were massacred before the palace,
this event becoming known as 'Bloody Sunday'. They were lead by
Father Gapon; who became one of the revolution's most vigoro...

... middle of paper ...

...d War 1. This revolution
actually had a established opposition in the shape of Stalin's
communist party this meant no peaceful protest like in 1905, the
protests were riots and with no backing from his army, who walked out
on 12th March, the Tsar was helpless. The last reason it was
successful was this revolution had and motivator and leader that man
was Lenin.


Alan Farmer – An Introduction to Modern European History 1890-1990.
London 2000

Dukes Paul - October and the World. London 1979

Goldston Robert - The Russian Revolution. London 1967

Hosking Geoffrey - A History of the Soviet Union. London 1985.

Michael Lynch - Reaction and Revolutions Russia 1881-1924 (Access to
History), 2000

Title Picture from -http://encarta.msn.com/media_461543533/Shots_that_Sparked_a_Revolution.html

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Tsar Nicholas 2nd's Survival of The 1905 Revolution

- Tsar Nicholas 2nd's Survival of The 1905 Revolution There are several factors that help our understanding of how the tsar and his regime endured the turmoil of the 1905 revolution. However, one thing is for sure, after the uprising and swift, brutal suppression of the revolutionaries on the 22nd of January 1905 outside the gates of the Winter Palace, the Nicholas 2nd and his administration received a drastic wake up call. Even though the monarchy received a hard slap on this day, the tsar himself was in no immediate danger; the ignorance of the instigator, Father Gapon, ensured that he didn’t even know that the tsar was not occupying the Palace at this time....   [tags: Papers]

Powerful Essays
1000 words (2.9 pages)

The Occurrence of the 1905 Revolution and the Ineptitude of Tsar Nicholas II

- The Occurrence of the 1905 Revolution and the Ineptitude of Tsar Nicholas II The 1905 Revolution in Russia occurred because of a variety of long and short term causes, which led to the Tsar to lose the support of his people. These causes comprised of the economic hardship in Russia, the refusal of the government to broaden their representation, the military failure, and the mishandling of the 1905 crisis, "Bloody Sunday." However, the underlying factor in all of these causes is the ineptitude of Tsar Nicholas II, as he held supreme autocratic power, and so would have been able to avoid revolution by permitting reforms....   [tags: Papers]

Powerful Essays
921 words (2.6 pages)

The Extent to Which Nicholas the Second was the Cause of the 1905 Revolution

- The Extent to Which Nicholas the Second was the Cause of the 1905 Revolution Nicholas II faced many problems at the beginning of his reign which were magnified because of his incomplete training in becoming tsar. The main problems facing him were that the zemstvas wanted more power and a growth in opposition. He rejected the first “problem” and as such, a number of political parties, both moderate and violent came into being. The 1905 revolution had two catalysts which were Bloody Sunday and the fact that Nicholas II only offered the liberals a consultative assembly when they wanted a legislative assembly as well....   [tags: Free Essays]

Free Essays
384 words (1.1 pages)

Tsar Nicholas II in Russia Essay

- ... The people of Russia were simply disillusioned from all the casualties and injuries. This event marked Bloody Sunday, the day the Tsar and his people became even more distant. Workers set up work councils that were mostly influenced by revolutionary ideas. When Germany declared war on Russia it only made conditions worse for the people. Industries that supplied the war thrived and those that didn’t failed, people wanted the war to end. There was a national sentiment that the Tsar was unfit to rule Russia....   [tags: ruler, regime, revolution]

Powerful Essays
703 words (2 pages)

The Revolution of 1905 in Russia Essay

- The Revolution of 1905 in Russia The Tsar of Russia, Nicholas II, never fully accepted the view that his will was not above the law. This autocratic notion was out of tune with the times and helps to explain much of what happened after 1905 in Russia and elsewhere. He had bad advisors, of course. There was the sinister influence of a journalist by the name of Meshchevsky, the dominating influence of a certain M. Philippe and the notorious monk Rasputin. The latter two worked through the tsarina, especially after 1911....   [tags: Papers]

Powerful Essays
2729 words (7.8 pages)

Tsar's Survival Politically in 1905 Essay

- Tsar's Survival Politically in 1905 Firstly, to understand how the Tsarist regime survived in 1905, it is necessary to answer the question: what, politically and socially, happened in 1905. It is then possible to see how Nicholas II dealt with these problems and managed to survive this turbulent year. In the few years previous to 1905 there was increasing social turmoil caused by rapid industrialisation in Russia. Furthermore, there was no legal way of expressing political views as there was no parliamentary system and as a result there was a discontented and oppressed working class and a desperate and poverty stricken peasantry....   [tags: Papers]

Powerful Essays
1263 words (3.6 pages)

How did the Tsar survive the 1905 Revolution? Essay

- How did the Tsar survive the 1905 Revolution. Introduction Controversy surrounds whether or not the revolution was a “dress rehearsal” for the 1917 revolution or a missed opportunity for Tsar Nicholas II to consolidate a constitutional monarchy. This dissertation will focus on the survival of the Tsar, as it is ultimately an open question whether he would have saved the monarchy. The dissertation will also reveal that in the Tsar’s heart was more in reaction than reform. This coursework will show that part of the key to the monarchy’s survival was the division of the opponents of Tsarism....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

Powerful Essays
2118 words (6.1 pages)

The Revolution of 1905: The First Russian Revolution Essay

- The Revolution of 1905: The First Russian Revolution We are, however, slightly ahead of our story. The short period of 1900-1906 provides an essential piece of the puzzle to make the picture of the Russian Revolution complete. Russia's Asian policy under Nicholas II took a decidedly expansionist and aggressive tone, culminating in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905. A primarily naval conflict on Russia's Far Eastern frontier, this war brought back the awful memories of the Crimean defeat when Japan's newly modernized army and navy routed the out-dated, ill-equipped Russian forces....   [tags: Russian History Revolution Historical Essays]

Powerful Essays
4229 words (12.1 pages)

Tsar After 1905 Essay

- Tsar After 1905 It would be true to say that the Tsar remained unscathed after 1905, as he remained on the throne until 1917. However, it would also be true to say that the Tsar was permanently damaged by the 1905 revolution. Before 1905, there was much unrest and discontent. Famines in 1897, 1898 and 1901, made the already struggling countryside even worse, and the usually loyal peasantry held uprisings in two provinces in 1902. The Russo-Japanese war caused further unrest following a series of defeats, including that of Port Arthur....   [tags: Papers]

Powerful Essays
1210 words (3.5 pages)

Why Nicholas II Survived the Revolution of 1905 but Not that of 1917 Essay

- Why Nicholas II Survived the Revolution of 1905 but Not that of 1917 When Father Gapon and his followers marched peacefully on the Winter Palace on 22nd January in what came to be known as Bloody Sunday due to the extreme reaction leading to the massacre of the protestors, it sparked the revolution of 1905, consisting of workers' strikes and protests in addition to terrorising the wealthy and important upper classes. As well as being a response to Bloody Sunday, the 1905 revolution was a result of pent up dissatisfaction with the autocracy in Russia and with the vast social inequality....   [tags: Papers]

Powerful Essays
719 words (2.1 pages)